Grant Township was created by order of the supervisors in response to petitions of citizens of the section interested,
November 10, 1868. It formed a part of Little Sioux township, which at the time comprised about one fourth of the
county of Woodbury. The order of the board reads as follows: "All of township eighty seven, range forty three,
and all of sections one, two, three, four, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, twenty
one, twenty two, twenty three, twenty four, twenty five, twenty six, twenty seven, twenty eight, thirty three,
thirty four, thirty five, thirty six, in township eighty seven, range forty four." The first justices of the
peace elected at the ensuing election were Joseph Cross and Elias Horton, and the first township clerk was W. T.
Clark. Some of the above territory has since been clipped from Grant to help form another township, which leaves
Grant now one congressional township, number eighty seven, range forty four, bounded by Wolf Creek on the north,
Little Sioux on the south, Miller on the east and West Fork on the west.
As Grant is one of the Little Sioux valley townships; and not far distant from where William White, Curtis Lamb
and John Sumner made their first settlements about 1850 or 1851, and near where Orrin B. Smith founded Smithland,
it was one of the sections of the county to receive some of the first searchers after homes in the northwest. Thomas
Flower and William Flower settled on section thirty six in the spring of 1854, and made the necessary improvements
for holding their claims, in which they were successful. They afterward, during the same year, sold their claims
to Thomas Golden and Ed. Young, who made improvements and began a settlement in earnest. Also in 1854 came a German
named Jowler (pronounced Yowler in the German and he was so called), who made improvements and secured his claim.
He built a cabin and broke up considerable land, but his humble home caught fire some time afterward and was consumed.
He managed to save the most of his household effects, which at that day could almost be carried out in one armful.
An Indian camp was in the vicinity, the party being on a hunting expedition along the streams of the Little Sioux
valley, which was a famous hunting ground for not only the redskins but their white brothers. These friendly Indians
helped the unfortunate son of Vaderland to save his effects, but the little building was entirely lost. This disheartened
Yowler, and he sold his claim to B. D. Chapman and departed for scenes of a more civilized character. He is now
probably a retired manufacturer of the foaming amber beverage in some city of the effete orient. Golden and Young,
also, lost faith in the northwest, and sold the claims they had bought of Thomas and William Flower in 1854, to
Isaac Hall, who still further improved the property.
A Lumber of other persons came in about 1855 and 1856, but the Indian depredations of the spring of 1857 scared
many of them away. Minor Mead, at an early day, built a small tavern at Lucky Valley, but it disappeared many years
ago. After the Civil war a great many Germans settled in the township, and now form a large proportion of the population.
They are here, as they are everywhere else, extremely thrifty, and farm for all that there is in it, their property
being well improved, and the land kept clean and dry. The rest of the population is mostly American.
The surface of Grant township is, like the adjoining one of Wolf Creek, rolling and broken, but the land is excellent
and highly productive, corn, wheat and buckwheat be raised in good quantities, while some cattle and hog raising
is carried on. The township is well watered, numerous streams flowing almost on every section. The east branch
of Wolf creek flows into the township in the northeastern corner, and continues its tortuous course in a southwesterly
direction, leaving Grant exactly at its southwest corner. Numerous branches of this creek flow into it from all
directions, and the west fork of the same stream flows through the northwestern portion. Springs are abundant,
and some of them supply the finest water. Roads are very numerous, and seem to run in any direction without system
or regularity, but if you take one of them you will usually arrive somewhere, and frequently, if you do not mind
your compass, they will land you just exactly where you started from. The "great road" from Sioux City
to Danbury, which crosses the bluffs in West Fork township, passes through Grant, and its sinuosities would do
credit to a West Virginia hillside worm fence, or the track of a "rattler" through prairie grass. But
roads are great blessings to the traveler, and the more the merrier.
The village of PeFeiros located on section twenty one, and is on the stage route from Sioux City to Danbury, heretofore
mentioned. Mr. Griffin is the postmaster, and also runs a general store. There is a blacksmith shop also here.
Bethel Methodist Episcopal church is situated near by, and a cemetery.
Lucky Valley, another village, is situated at the extreme edge of the township, on parts of sections two and three.
There is a general store here, a Methodist Episcopal church, with Rev. Mr. Stephens as pastor, and a cemetery near
by. Six school buildings afford educational facilities.