Bachelder's Grove, in Cook county, eighteen miles southwest of Chicago, contains about two sections of
timber, and a large settlement.
Budgley's Settlement, in St. Clair county, five miles northwesterly from Belleville, one of the oldest American.
settlements in the county.
Bailey's Point, a branch of the Vermilion, and a settlement in La Salle county, fourteen miles southwest
from Ottawa. Here is a small tract of excellent timber, surrounded with the choicest prairie. The settlement contains
about twenty families.
Baker's Grove, in Ogle county, lies bordering on Rock river, between Grand Detour and Oregon city. It is
eight miles long and three miles wide; timber good and land excellent.
Bankstone's Fork, in Gallatin county, rises in the interior, runs a southeastern course, and enters the
South Fork of Saline creek, fourteen miles above Equality.
It has a fine country on its borders, and a large settlement.
Banning's Settlement, in Shelby county, near the Kas1caskia river, twelve miles south of Sheihyville. The
land is good, and plenty of timber and prairie.
The bottom on the opposite side of the river is overflowed in high water.
Barney's Prairie, in Wabash county, seven miles north of Mount Carmel, is a good tract of land well cultivated.
Barbee's Settlement, seven miles northwest of Palestine, in Crawford county, with timber and prairie.
Bartlett's Settlement, in the southwestern part of McDonough county, on Crooked creek, fifteen miles from
Macomb. The land is good, and the settlement extensive.
Bath, a post office and settlement on the south side of Cass county, on the road from Jacksonville to Beardstown.
Batcheldorsville post office is on the east side of Coles county, seven miles froth Charleston.
Bay Creek rises in the prairies towards the eastern part of Pike county, and running westward enters Calhoun
county, and forms a kind of bay at its mouth, which is navigable for some miles.
The land o&its borders is generallygood, except about the bluffs, where it is broken.
Beardstown, the seat of justice for Cass county, is situated on the Illinois river, twenty-five miles northeast
from Jacksonville, on fractional township eighteen north, and twelve west. It is on elevated ground, sandy soil,
and entirely above the highest floods. It has thirteen stores, four of which do commission and forwarding business,
three groceries, two druggists, four physicians, one large hotel, and several boarding hoües, two bakeries,
two shoemakers, three tailors, two blacksmiths, two cabinet makers, one silversmith, one watchmaker, four carperiters
and housejoiners, three cooper shops, one painter and glazier, two tinners, two brick and one stone masons, one
carriage maker, two steam flouring mills, with six pairs of stones, one steam sawmill, one steam distillery, and
a large brewery, one lawyer, one minister of the gospel, and about 1,000 inhabitants. There is a Methodist and
an Episcopalian congregation, but no house of worship.
Canal project. A company has been chartered and surveys made preparatory to the construction of a canal
from this place to Sangamon river, at Huron, and from thence to improve the river by slack water navigation to
the head And it has been ascertained that a water communication may be opened at moderate expense across the state
to the Vermilion of the Wabash. The construction of that portion of the canal from Beardstown to the Sangamon river
can be easily effected.
Bear Creek, a small branch of the Macoupin, twelve miles west from Carlinville.
Bear creek heads in String prairie, and enters Apple creek, in Greene county. A considerable settlement
Is on its borders.
Bear creek, a small stream and branch of the middle fork of Shoal creek, and a settlement in Montgomery
county. The land is rather level, and inclined to be wet, but fertile.
Bear creek, a small stream in the southeastern part of Sangamon county, with a considerable settlement.
It enters the South Fork of Sangamon from the south side.
Bear Creek, a small stream that rises in the north part of Gallatin county, runs south, and enters the North
Fork of Saline creek, ten miles above Equality. Here is much good land, and a large settlement.
Bear creek, is a fine stream in Adams county, with two principal forks. South Fork rises in one north, six
west. North Fork rises in five north, sev~n west, in Hancock county, and interlocks with the western branch of
Crooked creek. They unite in section thirteen, two north, eight west. After passing through the bluffs into the
Mississippi bottom, this stream divides into two prongs; one runs a northwest course and enters the Mississippi-the
other prong bears a little south of west, receiving several small streams, and enters Boston Bay, one mile above
This stream is about forty yards wide at its separation, and has a number of mill seats. Few bodies of land in
the state equal that which lines its banks.
Large settlements extend along its timber.
Bear Prairie is a small tract in Wayne county, five miles east of Fairfield, with twenty families.
Beaucoup is a large settlement on Beaucoup creek, in Washington county, south of New Nashville. The land
is a mixture of timber and prairie, and good second rate soil.
Beaucoup Settlement, is in Jackson county, twelve miles northeast from Brownsville, between the Big Beaucoup
creek and Big Muddy river. The land is rich, heavily timbered, with a considerable settlement.
Beaver Creek, called a1~so Stinking creek, rises in Bond county, runs south into Clinton county, crosses
the Vincennes and St. Louis road, four miles west of Carlyle, and empties into Shoal creek, in the northeastern
part of township one north, four west. It is about twenty-five miles in length, is a sluggish, muddy stream, and
waters a fine tract of country.
The settlement extends its whole length.
Beaver Creek rises in Boone county, runs southwest and enters Kishwaukee, twelve miles above its mouth.
It is~sparsely timbered with walnut, linden, oaks ofvarious species, and oak openings. Soil, sand and clay; prairies,
rolling; fine springs.
Beaver Creek, a branch of Iroquois river in Iroquois county.
Beck's Creek heads in the western part of Shelby county, runs southeast, and enters the Kaskaskia in the
northern part of Fayette, eighteen miles above Vandalia. It is a mill stream, has much good land on its banks,
and rolling prairie adjoining.
The timber is oak of various kinds, walnut, locust, coffee nut, cherry, elm, etc.
Begg's Settlement, in the southeast part of Union county, on the waters of Cash river. It isa fine, undulating,
timbered region, and contains about 120 families.
Bellefountaine, a large spring and settlement in Monroe county, near Waterloo. In the vicinity of this place,
several attacks were made by the Indians, forty years since; some of the inhabitants were killed and others taken
Belleville, the seat of justice for St. Clair county, is situated on sections twenty-two, twenty-three,
twentyseven, and twenty-eight, of township one north, in range eight. west of the third principal meridian. It
is a neat flourishing village, on high ground, six miles from the American bottom, and thirteen miles east southeast
from St. Louis. The public buildings are a handsome court house of brick, finished in a superior style, a brick
jail, a clerk's office, a public hall belonging to a library company, and a framed Methodist house of worship.
it has two select schools; one for boarders half a mile distant.
There are two large merchant steam flouring mills, with six pairs of stones, a brewery, a steam distillery, a wool
carding machine, eight carpenters, one cabinet maker, five blacksmith's shops, one tinner's shop, two silversmiths,
three wagon makers, one turner, and wheelwright, two shoemakers' shops, one millwright, two coopers, two saddlers,
two tailors, one bakery, one high school, one common school, a Presbyterian, Baptist and a Methodist congregation,
and about 700 inhabitants, of which about 100 are Germans, twenty French, and the residue Americans. There are
three lawyers, four physicians, and four resident ministers of the gospel.
It is surrounded with a rich and extensive agricultural settlement, and a fine body of timber. Belleville contains
a printing office, which issues the "St. Clair Gazette," and is a place of considerable business.
Belleview Prairie, is a rich, dry, prairie, at the foot of the bluffs, in Calhoun county. it is six miles
long, and three fourths of a mile wide, with a gradual descent from the bluffs. Belleview post office, is in this
settlement, which contains about forty families.
Belvidere, a village of a dozen families, two stores, a post office, saw and grist mill, and rapidly increasing,
in the western part of Boone county on the stage road from Chicago to Galena. It is situated on Squaw prairie,
and has a delightful appearance. Near the town site is a mound, fifty rods long and about thirty rods wide, elevated
seventy feet above the bottom lands of Rock river. On the top of this mound is the cemetery of an Indian called
Big Thunder. He died about the period of the Sauk war in 1831 or '32, and was placed in a siffing posture on a
flag mat, wrapped in blankets, his scalping knife by his side to cut the plugs of tobacco that are offer ed him.
Over the body is constructed a covering of wood and earth, with an opening in front, where Big Thunder may be seen
sitting with his tobacco lying before him. The Indians still visit the place to replenish his stores of tobacco,
The citizens of this region are about to erect a College edifice on this spot, in a vault under which the bones
of Big Thunder will repose unmolested. A charter was granted for the purpose at the recent session of the legislature.
The Rev. s. S. Whitman, formerly Professor in the Hamilton Literary and Theological institution, New York, is engaged
in the enterprise.
Beman's Mill and settlement on Apple creek, in Greene county, seven miles northwest from Carrollton.
Bennington, a post office in the western part of Fulton county.
Berlin, a town site and post office, in Sangamon county, on the west side of Island Grove, seventeen miles
west from Springfield, on the main road to Jacksonville.
Bernudotte, a town on Spoon river, in Fulton county, on section nineteen, five north, two west, 12 miles
southwest from Lewistown. It has one sawmill, one flouring mill with three runs of stones, three stores, two groceries,
one tavern, and a common school.
Spoon river can easily be made navigable to this place. Berry's Settlement is in The forks of Crooked creek, in
Clinton county, eight miles southeasterly from Carlyle.
Bethel, a populous settlement in St. Clair county, ten miles north of Belleville. Here is a Baptist meeting
house and congregation, and a moral, religious society of industrious farmers.
Bathany, a post office and settlement, in Sangamort county, twenty-one miles southeast from Springfield,
on the road to Shelbywille.
Big Barren Grove is in the western part of. Putnam and eastern part of Henry county, 25 miles long, and
from 2 to 3 miles wide; and forms the dividing ridge between the waters of Spoon river and the Winnebago Swamp.
The timber is scattering, resembling barrens, with various kinds of oaks, hickory, &c. The west end is called
Black Oak Ridge where a colony from Wethersfield, Conn., is settled.
Big Bay Creek, a small stream that rises in the north eastern part of Johnson county. It takes a southeastern
direction, receiving Cedar creek in that county, and Little Bay creek in Pope county, and enters the Ohio about
six miles below Golconda. Its bottoms are wide, and the bluffs rather broken; and towards the Ohio the botom land
produces large quantities of cypress with other growth.
Big Bottom is a settlement in the northwest corner of Alexander county, on Clear creek. The soil is first
Big Beaucoup Creek, one of the four heads of Big Muddy river. It rises in the southeastern part of Washington
county, township three south, in range two west, runs a south course through Perry county and enters the Big Muddy
in section thirty-five, eight south, two west, eight miles above Brownsville. It has much good land on its borders,
some excellent prairies, and fine timber, consisting of oak, hickory, ash, poplar, elm, walnut, etc. The bottom
land is rather wet. Big Beaucoup is navigable for flat boats.
Big Creek, in Pope county, rises in the northern part of the county, runs south, and enters the Ohio, fifteen
miles above Golconda.
Big Creek, in Crawford county, a small stream that enters the Embarras in the southwestern part of the county.
Big Creek is a small stream that rises on the Grand Prairie, in Edgar county, runs a southeast direction,
passes through a corner of Clark, and enters the Wabash near the point at which the dividing line of the two states
]eaves that river. The land through which it passes is good, well timbered, and densely settled with a farming
Big creek, in Effingharn county, a branch of the Little Wabash, running a southeast course through Brockett's
settlement to that river.
Big Creek, in Macon county, a branch of the North Fork of Sangarnon. It is formed from Long creek, and Findley's
Big Creek, a stream in Fayette county, which rises in the Grand prairie, northeast from Vandalia, crosses
the national road twelve miles east of that place, runs southwest, and enters the Kaskaskia in the lower part of
Big Creek, in the western part of Crawrord county, runs south and enters the Ernbarras.
Big Creek, in Fulton county, a small stream that rises near Canton, runs southwest, and enters Spoon river
one mile above the road from Rushville to Lewistown. A considerable settlement and good land towards its head.
Big Grove, in Champaign county, is on a branch of the Salt Fork of the Vermilion river, and is about the
centre of the county. It is a body of heavy timbered, rich land, twelve miles long, and of an average of three
miles in width. The country around is most delightful, the prairie is elevated, dry, and of a very rich soil, the
water is good, and the country very healthy. The population at Big Grove must now exceed 200 families.
Big Grove, in Kane county, is on the South Fork of the Kishwaukee. The surface around undulating, and the
soil a black sandy loam. Stratified limestone, flint, pebbles and coal abound in this region.
Big Grove, in La Salle county, twenty miles northeast from Ottawa, is about three miles in diameter. The
land in the timber is wet, but the surrounding prairie is dry, undulating and rich.
Big Grove, a timbered tract, or rather several groves, connected, for twelve miles in length, in the southwestern
part of McLean County, on the third principal meridian, and township twenty-one north, It is a fine tract of country,
rich in soil and well timbered, on the Kickapoo creek. Bloomington, the County seat, is eighteen miles from the
heart of the settlement, which contains from one hundred and fifty to two hundred families.
Big Grove, a beautiful, high, undulating, and rich tract of timber, near some of the heads of Spoon river,
in Henry county. It is twelve or fifteen miles long, and about three miles wide, surrounded with extensive and
rather level prairies.
Big Mound Prairie, in Wayne county, is five miles west from Fairfield, three miles in extent, undulating
surface, thin soil, and has about fifty families.
A large mound gives the name to this prairie.
Big Muddy river, (called by the French who discovered it, Riviere au Vase, or Vaseux) a considerable stream
in the southwestern part of the state.
It has four principal heads, which, rising in Washington, Jefferson, and Hamilton counties, and uniting in Jackson
county, form the main stream.
They are the Beaucoup, Little Muddy, and Middle Fork. The general course of the stream is southwest, and it is
navigable some distance above Brownsville. Below Brownsville it turns south to the county line, makes a short bend,
and enters the Mississippi near the northeastern corner of township eleven south, in range four west of the third
Its bluffs generally are abrupt, the land along its borders arid branches is undulating, and for most of its lenght
well timbered. Valuable salines exist on its banks, and are worked about Brownsville, where there is an inexhaustible
bed of bituminous coal. Native copper has been found on its banks in detached masses. It runs through a fine agricultural
and grazing country.
Big Neck is a settlement in one south, six west, at the head of the South Fork of Bear creek, in Adams county,
a tract of good land.
Big Prairie, in White county, between the Little and Big Wabash, about three miles in diameter, and nearly
all in a state of cultivation. The soil is sandy, but of great fertility.
Big Rock Creek, is a branch of Fox river in Kane county.
Big Woods, a large tract of timbered land, lying on the east side of Fox river, in Kane county, and provided
the surveys were run it would lie mostly in townships 38 and 39 N., range 8 east. It is about 10 miles in length
and from 4 to 5 miles in width. The timber consists chiefly of white, black, yellow, and bur oaks, sugar maple,
linden, black and white walnut or butternut, hickory, ash of various species, poplar, ironwood, elm, cherry, etc.
The soil is generally a dark sandy loam; sometimes approaches to clay, generally a little undulating, hut in some
places quite level and a little wet. The Big Woods are thickly settled on all sides, as is the prairie country
Bethel a post office and town site with a dozen families in Morgan county, 12 miles west of Jacksonville.
Bethesda, a post office in Coles county, 8 miles west of Charleston.
Birch Greek, is a small stream that rises in Morgan county, and enters Apple creek in Greene county. The
settlement contains about twenty-five families.
Blackberry Creek, in Kane county, rises in the central part of the county, runs south and enters Fox river
near the south line of the county. Groves of timber, barrens, and rich undulating prairie along its course.
Black Creek is an insignificant stream, in Pike county, that enters the Snycartee.
Black Partridge Creek, a post office, and a small stream in the upper part of Tazewell county, that enters
the Illinois river.
Bloomfield, a town and post office in Edgar county, 10 miles north of Paris, with three stores, two groceries,
one tavern, one physician, various mechanics, and about 20 families.
Blooming Grove, a tract of timbered land and a large settlement, in McLean county, adjoining Bloomington.
It is about six miles long from northwest to southeast, and varying in width from one to four miles, containing
about twelve square miles of beautiful timber, with a large settlement of industrious farmers around it. Nearly
all the land is already occupied with settlers, a majority of whom are from Ohio. Both timbered land and prairie
are first rate.
Bloomingdale is the locality of a colony in Tazewell county.
Bloomington, is the seat of justice for McLean county and is beautifully situated on the margin of a fine
prairie and north side of Blooming-Grove, on section four, township twenty north, range two east. It has eight
or ten stores, three groceries two taverns, two lawyers, three physicians, a handsome academy building, various
mechanics, two steam mills for sawing, a Presbyterian and a Methodist meeting house, and ministers, and about 700
population. The surrounding country is most delightful.
Block House, a name given to an American settlement formed about forty years since, in the American bottom,
in the southwestern part of St. Olair county. At the foot of the bluffs, near this, is a spring that regularly
ebbs and flows, once in twenty-four hours.
Blue Creek, in the upper part of Tazewell county, rises in the prairie, runs west, and enters the Illinois
below Spring bay.
Bluffdale, a settlement in Greene county, ten miles west of Carrollton, and under the bluff's that overhang
the Illinois bottom. The land is rich, dry, and beautifully situated for six miles in extent, under overhanging
bluffs and precipices from which springs of "crystal waters" gush forth. The settlement is generally
arranged along the bluffs from Apple creek to the Macoupin, from three to four miles from the Illinois river, and
consists of fifty or sixty families. The settlement of Bluffdale has two stores, one grocery, one tavern, one minister
of the gospel, and a Baptist congregation, one post office, one school, and various mechanics.
Blue Point, a point of timber projecting into the prairie, in Effingham county, five miles north west of
Blue River. There are two small streams of this name in Pike county distinguished as Big and Little Blue.
They rise in the middle of the county, run a southeast course and enter the Illinois, in three south, two west,
about six miles apart. The land through which they pass is fertile.
Bolive, a town site in the forks of Sangamon river, ten miles southeast from Springfield, surrounded with
a large and flourishing settlement.
Boltinghouse Prairie, lies south of Albion, in Edwards county. It is about four miles long and three broad,
dry, undulating surface, and good soil.
Bon Pas (Bumpau,) a small village near the creek of the same name in the northeast part of White county.
Bon Pas, a creek that divides Wabash and Edwards counties. It rises near the Vincennes road, fifteen miles
west of Lawrenceville, and taking a southeasterly course, enters the Wabash river in section fourteen, township
three south, range fourteen west of the second principal meridian, at the corner of Wabash and White counties.
Its banks are low and swampy.
Bon Pas Prairie, four miles northeast from Albion, in Edwards county, and about two miles in diameter. It
contains good land, and a settlement.
Bon Pas Settlement, near the southeast corner of Edwards county, between the Bon Pas creek and Little Wabash
river. It is a timbered tract, good laud, and contains about sixty families.
Boston Bay is an arm of the Mississippi, above Quincy in Adams county, which, at a tolerable stage of water,
furnishes a fine harbor for boats.
Boston, a town site in Canaan settlement, Shelby county twelve miles north of Shelbyville, township thirteen
north, four east, on the west fork of the Kaskaskia.
Bostwick's Settlemant, is three miles northeast from Hillsboro' in Montgomery county, a dry, rolling, fertile,
Bottom Settlement, commences in the northwestern part of Union county, and extends down the Mississippi.
This bottom is timbered, and is from three to four miles wide but part of it is wet and inundated.
The settlement lies chiefly along the bank of the river.
Bottom Settlement, in Alexander county; lies along the Mississippi, on rich alluvial land, heavily timbered,
and contains sixty or seventy families.
Bradley's Settlement is at the head of Kincaid creek, in the north part of Jackson county. It is a timbered
region, tolerable land, and has twenty-five or thirty families.
Brattleville, a post office, in Carter's settlement, in McDonough county, twelve miles south of Macomb,
and on the mail road to Rushville.
Bridge's Settlement, in Johnson county, ten miles west from Vienna, contains some tolerably good land. Population
about sixty families.
Brighton, a town site and post office in Brown's prairie, the south west corner of Macoupin county, 12 miles
north of Alton. It has two stores, a castor oil factory and a dozen families.
Broad Run, a small stream in Coles county. It rises in the Grand prairie, and runs southwest into the Kaskaskia,
Brocket's Settlement on the west side of the Little Wabash, eight miles southwesterly from Ewington, in
Effingham county. The surface is tolerably level and the settlement contains forty or fifty families.
Brooklyn, a town site laid off on the bank of the Mississippi river, in St. Clair county, opposite North
Brown's Point, a settlement at the head of timber in a large prairie in Morgan county, ten miles south of
Brown's Prairie, in the corner of Macoupin and Greene counties and extending into Madison county, between
Wood river and the Piasan. It is rich, dry soil, and is about twelve wiles north from Alton.
Brownsville, the seat of of justice for Jackson county, is situated on the north side of Big Muddy river,
on section two, nine south, and three west of the third principal meridian, it is twelve miles by land, and twenty-five
by water from the Mississippi, and is surrounded by hills.
The Big Muddy Salines and coal banks are near this place. The population is about twenty families.
Brulette's Creek rises in the north part of Edgar county, and runs eastward across a portion of Indiana
into the Wabash. The timber on its banks is chiefly oak. The settlement is in the forks, and along the north fork
of the creek. The land is good. Prairie predominates over the timbered land. The post office is called Bloomfield.
Brush Creek rises in the east part of Shelby county, runs a southwest course, and empties into the Kaskaskia
river, in the south part of the county. The timber is indifferent, and the prairies are level and wet.
Brush Creek rises in the prairies in the south part of Sangamon county, runs north and enters Horse creek,
a little above its junction with the Sangamon.
Brush Hill post office is in Cook county, in the northeast corner of township thirty-eight north, range
eleven east, and sixteen miles west of Chicago.
Brush Prairie Creek, a trifling stream in Franklin county, rises in a prairie of the same name, runs west,
and enters the middle fork of Muddy river1 Good timbered land.
Brushy Fork, a small branch of the Embarras on the east side, and in the northern part of Lawrence county.
It runs a south course, and enters the main stream six mites above Lawrenceville.
The settlement is new, containing twenty-five or thirty families, and a portion of the country barrens.
Brushy Fork, a small stream that rises in the prairie, near the borders of Edgar county, and taking a southwest
course, enters the Embarras in Coles county, fourteen miles above Charleston. On the east side the land is rolling
and fertile, and there is a settlement of fifteen or twenty families; on the west side the land is level and rather
Brushy Prairie, on the east side of the Little Wabash, in Wayne county, eleven. miles east of Fairfield,
and contains about fifty families.
Buck-heart Prairie, in Fulton county, is northeast from Lewistown, and joins Canton prairie. It is six or
eight miles in extent, and has a considerable settlement.
Buck-heart creek rises near the South Fork of the Sangamon river, runs northwest, and enters the North Fork.
It has a considerable settlement.
Buck-heart Grove, at the head of Buck-heart creek, in Sangamon county, fifteen or twenty miles southeast
from Springfield. It is a fine tract of timber, about 1000 acres, surrounded with high prairie and settlement.
Buck Prairie lies in Edwards county, six miles northeast from Albion, and is about two miles and a half
Buck-horn Prairie is in Morgan county, six or eight miles soaith of Jacksonville. The soil is rich, but
its surface is rather level and wet.
Buckle's Grove, at the head of the north branch of Salt creek, in McLean county, contains abont twelve sections
of timbered land, surrounded with rich prairie, It is in twenty-two north, four east, and is about six or eight
miles east from Bloomington.
Timber principally oak, with some sugar maple, and the land around it rather level.
Buffaloe Grove, in Jo Daviess county, twelve miles north of Dixon's ferry, arid on the road to Galena. It
contains four or five sections of timber, surrounded with the richest prairie, a post office called Buffaloe Grove,
and a town site called St. Marion.
Buffaloe-heart Grove lies in Sangarnon county, fourteen miles northeast from Springfield and six miles southeasterly
from Elk-heart grove, which it resembles. . It is about three miles long, and one mile and a half wide, containing
about four sections of timber and twenty-five or thirty families. The rushes, which cover the prairies around,
furnish winter food for cattle.
Buffaloe Rock, a singular promontory on the north side of the Illinois river, in La Salle county, six miles
below Ottawa. It rises fifty or sixty feet nearly perpendicular on three sides, arid contains on its surface about
six hundred acres of timber and prairie.
Bullard's Prairie, sometimes called Gardner's prairie, in the western part of Lawrence county, sixteen miles
from Lawrenceville. It is eight or ten miles long, and two miles wide, second rate soil, and has considerable settlements
on its borders.
Bullbona Grove in sixteen north, eight east, in Putnam county. Prairie rich and undulating.
Buncombe Settlement, in Johnson county, eight miles northwest from Vienna, contains forty families; soil
rather broken, thin and rocky.
Bunker Hill, an elevated town site in the south part of Macoupin county, section. fourteen, seven north,
eight west, in a large Undulating prairie.
Bureau Creek rises in the northern part of Putnam county, runs southwest, receives Little Bureau, turns
thence southeast, and enters the Illinois river nearly opposite Hennepin. It is a fine mill stream, with a bold
current, rock, gravel, and sand in its bottom, and receives a number of branches. About the bluffs of the Illinois
the surface of the land is broken, but in general it is excellent the whole length of the stream. Between its branches
are fine prairies, undulating, rich, and dry, and along its borders is much excellent timber.
Burnside's Settlement, in Clinton county, five miles north of Carlyle, called by some the Irish settlement.
Burnt Prairie, in the northwestern part of White, and extending into Wayne county, is about two miles in
diameter, contains some good land and a dense settlement. Here is a post office and town site.
Burnt Prairie, in Edwards county, four miles northwest from Albion. It is about six miles long and two miles
wide, interspersed with small groves and points of timber. The soil is good, and the population dense. Here is
a windmill erected by a Mr. Clark, an English gentleman, which does good business as a grist mill.
Byron, a town site in Champaign county in Big Grove, three and half miles northwest from Urbanna, with three
or four families.