Also see [ Railway
Officials in America
HAMPDEN county was incorporated in 1812, previous to which it formed the southern part of the old county of
Hampshire. The soil is generally quite fertile and well cultivated, particularly on Connecticut river, which centrally
intersects the county. There are also fine lands on Westfield river. Chicopee river and its branches afford great
water power; it flows westward, and passes into the Connecticut in Springfield. Agriculture has been the principal
business of the inhabitants; of late years great attention has been paid to the manufacturing business. The New
Haven and Northampton canal runs through the eastern section of the county, and promises great facilities for the
transportation of various articles to, and from southern markets. The Western railroad from Boston to Albany is
now in progress, and will extend through the whole length of this county from east to west. A range of the Green
mountains lies along the whole western border of this county, separating it from Berkshire. The Lyme range of mountains
rises in the eastern part, and extends in a southerly line into Connecticut. The following is a list of the towns,
which are 18 in number.
The population of this county in 1820 was 28,021; in 1830, it was 31,610; in 1837, it was 33,627.
Historical Collections Relating to the
History and Antiquities of
Every town in Massachusetts with
By John Warner Barber.
Published by Warren Lazell.