Historical Sketch of Middlesex County, MA
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THIS county was incorporated in 1643. The surface is uneven, and the soil varied. The principal streams in the limits of the county are the Merrimac, Charles, Concord, and Nashua. There are no mountains in this county, but its surface is diversified by numerous small hills, which are generally less than one hundred feet in height. The land in the northern and southern parts is the most uneven. The soil is not generally so good as that in some other parts of the state, but it well rewards cultivation. The manufacturing interests of this county are very important, particularly in the manufacture of cotton goods. In 1837, there were 52,860,194 yards of cotton goods manufactured, the value of which was $5,971,172, being nearly three times the value manufactured in any other county in the state. The canal, and particularly the railroads recently constructed in the county, afford great facilities in the transportation of goods to and from Boston. Cambridge and Concord are the shire towns. The following is a list of the towns in this county, which are 46 in number.

Acton,

Holliston,

Stoneham,

Ashby,

Hopkinton,

Stow,

Bedford,

Lexington,

Sudbury,

Billerica,

Lincoln,

Tewksbury,

Boxborough,

Littleton,

Townsend,

Brighton,

Lowell,

Thngshorough,

Burlington,

Malden,

Waltham,

Cambridge,

Marlborough,

Watertown,

Carlisle,

Medford,

Wayland,

Charlestown,...

Natick,

W. Cambridge,

Chelmsford,

Newton,

Westford,

Concord,

Pepperell,

Weston,

Dracut,

Reading,

Wilmington,

Dunstable,

Sherburne,

Woburn.

Framingham,

Shirley,

 

Groton,

South Reading,...

 

In 1820, the population of this county was 61,476; in 1830, it was 77,968; in 1837, it was 98,565.


FROM:
Historical Collections Relating to the
History and Antiquities of
Every town in Massachusetts with
Geographical Descriptions.
By John Warner Barber.
Worcester
Published by Warren Lazell.
1848

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