History of Mcchwahoc Plantation, Madawaska, Mars
Hill & Maysville , Maine
A Gazetteer of the
State of Maine
By Geo. J. Varney
Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill,
Machwahoc Plantation is a half township lying on the
southern border of the eastern part of Aroostook County. It is 45 miles S.S.E. of Houlton, on the military road
from Bangor to that town, and 6½ miles north of the European and North American Railway station at Kingman.
Molunkus Plantation bounds it on the west, and Reed Plantation on the east. The Molunkus and Machwahoc streams
enter on the northern side and unite near the midst of the plantation. Molunkus Lake, having its outlet in Molunkus
Stream, lies upon the north-western border. Farming and lumbering are the chief occupations. The settlements are
principally within the angle at the junction of the two streams.
Madawaska lies in tne extreme northern curve of the
St. John River, at the north-eastern extremity of Aroostook County. It is 100 miles from Houlton, and is on the
stage-line from Van Buren to Fort Kent. The New Brunswick Railway has a station at Edniunton on the opposite side
of the St. John. It is bounded on the east by Grand Isle, and on the west by Frencliville. The larger part of Long
Lake lies in the southern part, and the St. John separates it from Canada on the north. The surface is without
high hills and the soil is quite fertile. Wheat and other grains are largely cultivated. On the northern side of
the twon two of the streams emptying into the St. John are occupied by grist-mills.
Mars Hill lies on the eastern border of Aroostook County, 80 miles north of Houlton, on the stage-line to Fort Fairfield. It is bounded on the north by Easton, south by Blaine, west by Westfield Plantation, and east by Wicklow, in New Brunswick. In the eastern part is an isolated mountain called Mars Hill, the elevation from which the town takes its name. This was a noted landmark in running the boundary line between the United States and the dominion of Great Britain, which was the subject of such long and troublesome disputes. It is a long elevation of regular outline, having a peak at each extremity,-its greatest extension being north and south, parallel to the State boundary line less than a mile eastward of its base. Its ascent commences with an easy swell of half a mile in width, and then abruptly increases toward the summit, in some places to analmost perpendicular steepness. Its top is narrow, and divided by a hollow near the middle. In settling upon the boundary line between the United States and the dominions of Great Britain, the commissioners undcr the treaty of Ghent caused trees to be felled and a spot cleared on each of the peaks; and their astronomers and surveyors ascertained that the south peak was 1,519 feet, and the north one, 1,370 feet above the tide waters of the St. Lawrence. The western part of the town is drained by Presque Isle Stream and its branches. The north-eastern part is drained by the small stream of the River Gasquill, and the south-eastern, by Young Brook. The manufactories consist of two saw-mills for long and short lumber, two starch factories, etc.
Maysville is an exclusively agricultural town lying
on the Aroostook River, in Aroostook County, having Fort Fairfield between it and New Brunswick. Caribou bounds
it on the north, Presque Isle on the south, and Mapleton and Washburn on the west. The surface of the town is somewhat
rolling, but without high elevations, May Hill being the highest. The Aroostook comes in at the west and leaves
on the northern border making a. complete oxbow about the centre of the town. At its exit it receives Hardwood
Creek, which comes in at the west along the northern line; and at the south-west Presque Isle River joins it from
southward. In the western part of the town, the Aroos took flows around many islands. Maysville has one or two
small sawmills and a starch-factory. The factory is of 727 tons capacity, and consumes 140,000 bushels of potatoes
in a single season.