History of Greenville, Maine
From
A Gazetteer of the
State of Maine

By Geo. J. Varney
Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill,
Boston 1886





Greenville is situated at the southern extremity of Moosehead Lake, in the western part of Piscataquis County. It is the starting point and base of supplies for lumberers, explorers, fishing parties, hunters and tourists. The township was a public grant to Thornton Academy, Saco, which received the south half from Massachusetts, and to Saco Free Bridge, which had the northern half at a later date from the State of Maine. Nathaniel Haskell, of Westbrook, who was the first settler, purchased the Academy Grant, on which there was some very good farming land, and commenced its settlement, moving his family into a completed house in 1827. Wilson's Pond lies within the town, and Wilson's Stream, which forms its outlet, has several beautiful cascades, and some very good mill-privileges. The surface of the town is quite hilly. The highest eminences are Indian Hill and Simpson Hill, which afford beautiful views of the lake and mountains of Somerset and Franklin Counties. The bed-rock crops out in numerous places. The soil is a yellow loam in most parts, but the northern portion still has considerable timber. The trees include the usual varieties found in Central Maine. In 1829 the Messrs. Varney, two brothers from Windham, built a saw-mill on Wilson's Stream, and the next year Mr. Haskell, aforementioned, put in a small grist-mill. With Mr. Haskell was associated Oliver Young; and William Cummings, Isaac Sawyer, Mr. Shaw arid Mr. Tifts were the next corners. A few years later came Saniuel Cole; in 1831, Edmund Scammon; and John Gerrish soon after. Samuel Cole and Isaac Whitcornb built a saw-mill on Eagle Stream in 1832; and Mr. Cole, at a later date, put one up on Bog Stream. Mr. Hogan put a small steamboat for towing logs upon the lake in 1836. Others for passengers have since been added. Henry Gower made the first clearing on the site of Greenville village in 1835, on the spot where the Lake House now stands. Mr. Gower was also the first to open a store in town, which was done in 1836.

The township was organized as Haskell's Plantation in 1831 ; and in 1836 it was incorporated as the town of Greenville. In 1846 the Eveleth House was built; in 1858 the first meeting-house was put up. In 1869 Rev. E. B. Webb, D.D., of Boston, Massachusetts, (but at the time of Augusta, Maine,) preached the dedication sermon. In 1874, mainly through the efforts of Rev. Mr. Cameron, the edifice was furnished with a bell.

The public school fund of the town now amounts to $800. Greenville has four excellent schoolhcuses valued at $29,000. The valuation of estates in 1870 was $66,707. In 1880 it was $91,121. The population in the preliminary report of the census of 1880 is massed with that of plantations north of Range 5, in the same county. The aggregate of these for 1870 was 544. In 1880 it was 776.

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