History of Hermon, Maine
A Gazetteer of the
State of Maine
By Geo. J. Varney
Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill,
Hermon is an excellent agricultural town in the southern
part of Penobscot County. It is bounded on the east by Bangor, north by Glenburn and Levant, west by Carmel, and
south by Hampden. The area is 24,860 acres. The surface is rolling, but not hilly. The highest elevation is Kimball
Hill, having an altitude of 400 feet. The rocks are of granite, slate, and an iron bearing rock. The soil is heavy
and gravelly, but productive. Hay is the most valuable crop. Hermon Pond, having an area of about one and a half
square miles, lies in the south-west part of the town, and feeds both the Kenduskeag Stream, running northwards
and the Soadabscook running southward. George’s Pond, a pretty sheet in the southern part, is a reservoir of the
Wheeler Stream. The water-powers are on this stream and Cold Brook. The manufactories are a barrel-factory, producing
4,000 barrels a year, a paper-bor factory, and a cheese-factory producing three tons of cheese daily. The principal
centre of business is Hermon Village, in the centre of the town. The Maine Central Railroad passes through the
southern part, east and west, having a station at Hermon Pond, in the western part, and another on Wheeler Stream.
toward the eastern side. The post-offices are at Hermon Pond, Hermon Centre and North Hermon. The town is notable
for its good roads, and the good condition of public and private buildings. The town-hall is a wooden building
30 by 48 feet in ground dimensions, two stories high, and painted white. The upper story is occupied by the Masons.
There is a public library of one hundred volumes. The public entertainments are mostly of home production, consisting
of sociables, sewing circles and dramatic entertainments. Among the esteemed citizens of the past we are able to
mention only James Patten, John Kimball, Rufus Robinson and Rufus Robinson, Jr.