History of Monroe, Maine
A Gazetteer of the
State of Maine
By Geo. J. Varney
Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill,
Monroe lies in the northern part of Waldo County, 13
miles north of Belfast and 18 miles south-west of Bangor, on the stage-line from the latter city to Brooks. It
is bounded on the east by Winterport and Frankfort, south by Swanville, west by Brooks and Jackson, and North by
Newburgh, in Penobscot County. The surface is broken and hilly, but the soil yields well on cultivation. Much attention
has been given to fruit trees, and the town shows many fine orchards. It is drained by both the north and south
branches of Marsh River; and on these are many water-powers. There is one saw-mill for long and short lumber, one
grist-mill, a carding-mill, barrel-factory, cheese-factory, and other manufactures common to villages. A few years
ago there were in operation in this town the following: “Willis’s Mills,” on a fall of 15 feet on Marsh River,
comprising a saw-mill, with the capacity of producing annually 400,000 feet of long lumber and 800,000 shingles,
and a grist-mill with four sets of stones. On a fall of 10 feet, half a mile above, were saw, fulling, and carding
mills. Half a mile above the last was a lumber and stave mill, and two miles above this were saw and shingle mills.
On the outlet of Northern Pond was “Thurlough Mill,” with capacity of manufacturing annually 200,000 feet of lumber.
On the outlet of the Thomas Chase bog, was a stone dam unoccupied; and half a mile farther down were board, lath,
shingle and stave mills. On the outlet of a pond in Swanville were the “Mayo Mills,” including a first-class grist-mill.
On the Emery Mills Stream was a saw and stave mill, a pail-factory, and still earlier, a grist-mill. At the outlet
of Jones’ Bog there was a grist-mill. Other privileges have never been occupied, and it is to be hoped that the
future will see more of this waste power made useful to man.