History of Phipsburg, Maine
A Gazetteer of the
State of Maine
By Geo. J. Varney
Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill,
Phipsburg constitutes the southern point of Sagadahoc
County. It lies between the Kennebec River on the east, and New Meadows Harbor and West Bath, on the west. On the
opposite side of this harbor is Great Island, a part of Harpswell. On the eastern side are the island towns of
Arrowsic and. Georgetown. Bath lies at the north-west. Phipsburg is very nearly 12½ miles in extreme length
and of an average width of about 3 miles. Bays and inlets mark its entire circumference. Following the shore north-eastward
from Cape Small Point, we pass the inlet known as Sprague’s and Morse’s rivers, succeeded by Hunniwell's Beach;
north which Hunniwell’s Point and Sabino peninsula form the eastern shore of Atkins' Bay. On its northem side rises
the lofty bluff of Cox’s Head, upon which, in 1814, an earthwork was erected; beyond which is Wyman’s Bay. At the
north looms Parker’s Head, and at its south-western side is the inlet basiii forming the tide-power known as Parker’s
Head Mill Pond. Next succeed the harbor at Piipsburg Center, with Drummore Bay two miles above, with inlet and
tide-power. Through Fiddler’s Reach, a curve of the Kennebec around the northern end of Phipsburg, we pass to Winnegance
Creek, nearly three miles in length, and a basin at its extremity, forming two unsurpassed tide-powers, and separating
Phipsburg from Bath and from West Bath except for a neck 200 rods in width, the Winnegance Carrying Place. South
of this we have the Western Basin, Horse Island Harbor and Small Point Harbor. Several others we have no space
to mention. There is some salt meadow in the northern part. The insulated ponds are Cornelius, Water Cove, Parker’s
Head, Rooks and Popham. The surface of the town is rough and ledgy, but without high hills, except the long ridge
of Morse’s Mountain which rises some 50 feet above the plain. A little south-west of the middle of the town much
of the soil is a mixture of clay and sand. The lower part has red loam. The principal crops are potatoes and hay.
Near the Basin on the western side is plenty of granite and a good lime quarry. Slate and feispar are also found
in town. The depth of water is sufficient for vessels of considerable size to come quite up to the mills on several
of the powers. On the Winnegance Tide-Power, three miles from Bath post-office, and four miles from Phipsburg Center
Village, have been sixteen mills, nine on the Bath side and seven on the Phipsburg side of the line. Some of these,
however, were burned several years since. There are now ten sawmills and one grist-mill operating in the town.
There is at the Center a ship-yard where vessels of 2,000 tons are built. There are also five ice companies in
the town. The post-offices are Phipsburg (Center), Parker’s Head, Small Point, Winnegance and Hunniwell’s Point.
The nearest railroad station is at B:ith, about seven miles from Phipsburg Center. All steamers on the lines connecting
the Kennebec with Portland and Boston, take and discharge passengers at this point.