Springfield lies in the eastern part of Penobscot Courtv,
68 miles north-east of Bangor. It is bounded on the north by Webster Plantation, east by Prentiss, and west by
Lee. Upper Sisladobsis Lake lies in the next township south. The surface is agreeably varied by hills, valleys
and broad meadows. Wetherbee Hill is quite an eminence, having about a mile of declivity. Granite is the predominant
rock. The soil is a yellowish loam, easily worked, and yielding good crops. In 1837 when the State offered a bounty
on wheat, Samuel C. Clark of this town took the prize, having produced in that year, 1,840 bushels of wheat, besides
435 bushels of other grain. Agriculture is still the principal pursuit, but the largest crop is hay, and many cattle
are raised. Maple, beech, hemlock and spruce are the forest trees. There are several small ponds scattered over
the town, the largest of which is about a mile long by half a mile in width.
The Mattakeunk and Mattagordas streams have their origin in this and the adjacent towns. There are on these one
cloth-mill, two grist-mills, one saw-mill for boards and other long lumber, three shingle and one clapboard mill,
the latter also making other small lumber. The town hail is a neat two-story building with a school-room in the
first story. The village is in the eastern part of the iown. Its streets are beautified with rows of maple from
three to 20 years of age, and the houses generally are tasteful and in good repair. The town is on the stage-line
from Lincoln to Calais. The nearest railroad station is that on the European road at Lincoln, some 15 miles distant.
This town received its first settlers in 1830 The north half of the township was granted to Foxcroft Academy, and
by its trustees sold to Bangor parties for thirty-one cents an acre. It was then heavily timbered with pine and
spruce, immense quantities of which have been taken from it; and there are large tracts of heavy wood still remaining.
The south half was sold in smaller quantities by the State settlers and others, and is said to contain some of
the best land in Maine.
James Butterfield was the first trader. Other esteemed citizens have been Elias Breck, Elder Lewis, Azro Clark,
B. H. Seribner and others. The number of old people, some about 90 years of age, speaks well for the wholesomeness
of the climate. Springfield has Congregationalist, Free Baptist and Methodist societies, and a large and small
church edifice. The number of public schoolhouses is seven; and the school property is valued at $1,900. The valuation
of estates in 1870 was $122,230. In 1880 it was $105,242. The rate of taxation in the latter year was 4 per cent.
The population in 1870 was 879. In 1880 it was 878.