History of Tremont, Maine
A Gazetteer of the
State of Maine
By Geo. J. Varney
Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill,
Tremont, in Hancock County, embraces the south-western
portion of Mount Desert Island. Tinker’s, Moose, Hardwood, Grott’s and Longley’s Islands are also within its limits.
The feature from which the town takes its name is the three contiguous peaks of Beech Mountain, and east and west
peaks of the Western Mountains. Dog Mountain has been carefully prospected with spade and pick, for money hidden
by Captain Kidd. The peak known as the “Lover’s Scalp” has, on its eastern side, an almost perpendicular descent
of 900 feet to the waters of Soines’ Sound. The other mountains of Tremont are Dog, Flying, Bald, Burnt and Mount
Gilboa. Dog Mountain is 670 feet in height; Flying Mountain, 300; Bald Mountain, 250; Burnt Mountain, 175; and
Mount Gilboa, 160. South West and Bass are the chief harbors, and the villages on these are the principal centres
of business in the town. On Heat’s Stream is a saw-mill, and upon the outlet of Seal Cove Pond is a grist-mill.
Both streams empty into Seal Cove, which is a safe and convenient harbor. The production of the saw-mill is about
250,000 M. of lumber, and several hundred thousand staves annually. There is also a shingle-mill on Bass Harbor
Stream. Some ship-building is done at both Bass and South West harbors. At the latter place is a factory for canning
fish, and at West Tremont is a fish-curing establishment; also the large brick-yard of the Tremont Brick Co., and
a boat-builder’s shop. The “staff of life” to the people of the town is found chiefly in the sea.