History Jackson Township, Randolph County, Missouri
From: History of Randolph and Macon Counties, Missouri
National Historic Company
St. Louis, 1884
Jackson township is the middle township on the northern border of the county. It is somewhat irregular in shape, and is less in size than a congressional township, having an area of 17,400 acres, or 27 1/2 square miles. It is watered on the west by the East fork of the Chariton and Walnut creek, and on the east by Hoover and Mud creeks. Almost every acre of the soil is susceptible of cultivation. Prairie and timber land are about equal. Its valuable minerals consist of coal, limestone and fire clay. Three fourths of Jackson township is in cultivation, and the farms generally are in good condition. The prairie is undulating, and in its wild state, produces a strong, healthy and vigorous growth of native grasses. In a state of cultivation it yields generously to the care and culture of the husbandman, all the grains, grasses, roots and fruits usually cultivated in this latitude. The minerals are coal, limestone, and brick clay. The average yield of farm products per acre is as follows: Corn, 25 bushels average, extra, 40 bushels; wheat, 15 bushels average, extra, 20 bushels oats, 25 bushels average, extra, 40 bushels; hay, 1 14 tons average, extra, 2 tons; tobacco average 800 pounds. Very little tobacco is raised in the township. It has three mills, six school houses conveniently located and well built and furnished.
The early settlers in Jackson township settled generally along the course of the streams, and in the timber;
in fact the pioneers throughout this Western country all sought the timber and water. The prairies were not settled
until many years had passed. Many of the pioneers were poor, and did not have teams sufficient to break the prairie,
as it required from three to four good yoke of oxen to draw the plow, and coming as they did from Kentucky and
other States, which were originally covered with dense forests, they naturally located conveniently near to or
in the timber. The old settlers now say, the prairie land has undergone a great change since they first came to
the county; it then appeared to be of a cold, wet, and clammy nature, and did not possess the same productive quality
that it now has. As the country became opened and settled, and the prairies were grazed and trodden by stock, their
productive qualities were greatly improved until they are now considered the better farming lands.
"By chase our long-lived fathers earned their food;
Jacksonville is located on the northern division of the Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railway, 19 miles north
west of Huntsville, and 12 miles north of Moberly. It is an incorporated village of 300 inhabitants, containing
two church edifices, used by the different sects, a public school, and colored school It has railroad, telegraph
and express facilities.
Two general stores, one grocery, one drug store, four blacksmiths, one shoemaker, one undertaker, one lumber yard, one livery stable, and oue hotel are at this place.
Masonic Lodge, No. 44. - Was organized in June, 1866, with the following charter members: James A. Berry, James A. Holt, James M. Hannah, J. H. Pety, David Halliburton.
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