History Surar Creek Township, Randolph County, Missouri (part 2)
From: History of Randolph and Macon Counties, Missouri
National Historic Company
St. Louis, 1884

FOUNDRIES AND MACHINE SHOPS.

We have already noticed the machine shops of the Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railroad located at this point. But they do no custom work, and confine themselves to that of the road to which they belong, and its numerous branches and feeders. The western roads, hundreds of which are annually built, and few of which have machine shops of their own, will for many years afford ample custom for all the shops likely to be erected in this State. The work can be done here cheaper, better and more speedily than even along the line of these roads, as we have the timber and the coal and are nearer the great iron furnaces of Missouri. Experienced and intelligent machinists connected with the Wabash shops regard Moberly as the best point in the State for the establishment of such an enterprise.

For 70 miles around us there is no foundry worthy of the name. In fact there is not one where the work demanded by an agricultural community can be done. Within a radius of 40 miles, in the counties of Boone, Audrain, Monroe, Macon, Chariton, Howard and Randolph, there is a population of 150,000, with an aggregate wealth of fully $40,000,000. Not one of these counties has a foundry. They are all agricultural districts, where a vast amount of machinery is employed. A large part of the work required goes to St. Louis or Kansas City, the distance in either case being two or three to five times as great as if sent to Moberly. All these counties are connected by railroad with this city, and the class of custom to which we refer would of itself be sufficient to maintain a foundry. But besides this, there is other and heavier work to be done. Practical foundrymen, however, will readily appreciate the advantages from what has been said above. A comparatively small amount of capital invested in a foundry, or foundry and machine shops combined, would be speedily doubled, trebled, or quadrupled in the hands of an experienced and skillful man or company. Here is an opening for intelligent labor to reap a rich reward.

COTTON AND WOOLEN NULLS.

This region is peculiarly adapted to the growth of sheep and the production of wool. Sheep require to be fed but little. The blue grass of our pastures and forests affords sufficient nutriment nearly all the year round. Very recently our farmers have turned their attention more particularly to the breeding of sheep. They have not only largely increased their flocks, but they have now the best breeds of wool producing animals, including both the finer and coarser grades. As an evidence of the rapid growth of this industry in Randolph county alone, we may say that in 1879 there were but 18,000 sheep in the county. In 1880 the number had grown to 23,000, and in 1883 to 32,000. The Cairo Wool Growers' and Sheep Breeders' Association, which was organized several years ago at a point six miles north of this city, has done much to promote the wool interest and to give a new impetus to sheep culture.

What is true of Randolph county is true of all the surrounding counties. The industry might he indefinitely extended, and would be if there were mills at home to consume the product. Few farmers, however, have enough wool to justify them in shipping to a foreign market, and they therefore sell to local traders or to parties who come from distant localities, thereby losing the transportation upon their products. The wool clip of Randolph in 1880 was 131,000 pounds. In the eight or ten counties that might be made tributary to woolen mills in Moberly, the clip of 1883 could scarcely have been less than a million and a half of pounds. Millions of pounds more could be readily purchased from adjacent territory at a trifling cost for transportation. The mills necessary to work up this large amount of material are not found in Missouri. The mills that have heretofore been established have been compelled to work on a stinted capital, and have, on that account, been less profitable than they should have been. With large means and ample machinery a mill of that character in Moberly would pay a heavy interest upon the capital employed.

This city is located on the Kansas and Texas division of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, a system that penetrates the great cotton regions of Texas and Arkansas. It is on a direct line between the cotton fields of these States and the Eastern markets, and many thousand bales of this Southern staple annually pass through this place to the mills of more favored sections. To arrest this transportation here and work the raw material into fabrics such as are required in the West, would be to put into the pockets of the manufacturer the double cost of freight between Moberly and distant factories. Here, where living is cheap, where fuel is abundant, and where the cost of steam power is not much, if any, greater than that of the water power in Connecticut and Massachusetts, the profits of such an establishment must be large. Missouri is certain to become a great manufacturing State, because she can readily supply the raw material for every desired industry and feed thee consumers at little cost, while her great rivers and railroads reach into the very heart of the markets in which such goods must be sold.

WAGON AND CARRIAGE FACTORY.

Two establishments of this kind are found in this city. The vehicles here manufactured are celebrated for their lightness, strength and durability. They are made from the growth of our native forests and are a credit both to the workmen who manufacture them and to the country in which they are made. But in this, as in other departments of mechanism, the capital invested is too small for the demands of the country. Hundreds of wagons, buggies, carriages and other vehicles are annually shipped here from abroad and sold to our farmers and the citizens of our towns. There is no reason why such products of skill should not be made here cheaper and better than in Fort Wayne, Ind., or Rock Island, Ill. Our timber is better, our land is cheaper, our food costs less and we are nearer the center of the great Western market. Even the factories we have, pinched as they are for want of means, are steadily growing and making money for those who operate them. The market cannot he supplied beyond the demand. All the vehicles manufactured would find ready sale within the compass of a small adjacent territory, unless the manufactories were on a very extensive scale, and in that case the boundless West and Southwest are at our door. As wealth increases, the demand for luxuries also increases, and fine carriages are more common now than the plainest spring wagons were a few years ago. This is true of Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, and other Western States.

TOBACCO AND CIGARS.

In this immediate vicinity the tobacco crop is as certain and as profitable as any other planted by the farmer. A very superior quality of the White Burley and other varieties of tobacco are raised, most of which must be disposed of in distant markets, as there are no parties here who handle it in bulk. The tobacco of this section is not excelled in texture, color, body, or flavor by that raised in the best fields of Virginia and Kentucky. In fact, at the annual award of premiums by the St. Louis warehouses, North Missouri has almost invariably received the first prize, although competing with Western Kentucky, Tennessee, Illinois, and Iowa.

Here is an opening for the location of a large tobacco stemmery or manufactory. If the farmers of this region received sufficient encouragement, they would plant larger crops and raise only such tobacco as was demanded by the market, instead of, as in many instances, the coarser and heavier varieties that make up in weight what they lack in texture and appearance.

CREAMERY.

Although numerous creameries have been established in the country, Moberly enjoys no such enterprise. Here, There our native grass sustains the cattle for eight months in the year and where provender is so cheap when they require extra food, would seem to be the proper location for a butter manufactory on an extensive scale. It is profitable alike to the farmer and the manufacturer, as the high prices for butter that always prevail in St. Louis, Kansas City, Hannibal and other large cities with which Moberly is connected by rail, would enable the latter to pay high prices for cream and receive in return a large profit on his products. These institutions have been successful everywhere they have been tried by competent men, and there is no field which suggests a better assurance of profit than that in the vicinity of Moberly.

POTTER'S WARE.

In this department of manufacturing, as in almost every other in which individual capital alone is invested, the demands are greater than the capacity of the factory. A short time since a pottery was established in this city which has been doing a prosperous business from the beginning. It has a capacity of only 20,000 gallons per month, and the ware is beautiful in color and excellent in material. The clay is obtained at a convenient distance from the factory, and the glazing is derived from the East. The market for this ware is to be found in all the surrounding country, and the goods do not need to he shipped to distant points. This industry can be indefinitely extended by the addition of larger capital.

GAS.

The principal streets of Moberly have been lighted with gas since November 30, 1875. The gas works are located in the northern part of the city, so that the inhabitants are not disturbed by offensive odors from the works. The gas is made from the coal taken from the mines of this vicinity, burns with a clear and beautiful flame and is supplied to consumers at $2.50 per thousand cubic feet. There are seven or eight miles of mains and connections, affording a cheap, safe and brilliant light for shops, stores, factories and private residences.

WATER AND WATER WORKS.

It would naturally be supposed that a city located on the dividing ridge between the waters of two such streams as the Missouri and Mississippi would he destitute of water power, and even of sufficient water for manufacturing purposes. Such was the fact in the early history of Moberly. But our country possesses a peculiarity that compensates this absence of large streams. Below the soil is a subsoil of clay of fine texture almost impervious to water. Lakes and ponds constructed by artificial means, retain the water drawn from the adjacent country until exhausted by evaporation or by artificial means.

On the western border of the town is a reservoir holding 20,000,000 gallons of water, which was constructed at a cost of $3,300. This is owned by the city and is free to all for any and every purpose. The city also owns 47 acres of land on which the reservoir is made, which it is contemplated to divide into lots for manufacturing purposes. This land is adjacent to the Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railroad and is admirably adapted to the location of factories and shops.

In the vicinity of the reservoir, also, are tracts of land having deep ravines where much larger basins may be constructed at even less cost than that of the city reservoir.

Cisterns and wells supply the water for domestic purposes at present. But recently an enterprise has been projected, which will probably be adopted, to erect water works at a distance of some four miles from the city to supply the inhabitants with living water from flowing springs. This is not yet an accomplished fact, nor has it ever been determined upon, but negotiations are in progress, and there is little doubt, judging from the temper of the people, that it will be carried to successful execution at an early day.

BUILDINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION.

In 1876 a building and loan association was organized, and many a poor man has reason to rejoice at the establishment of such an institution. The association has been in operation for over seven years, and hundreds of houses have been erected under its auspices. It has enabled men of small and moderate income to buy or build their houses. The individual securing the benefit of the association pays for his property by monthly installments running through a series of years, and in most instances these payments but little exceed the amount the beneficiary would be compelled to pay in rents. Money that would otherwise go into the pockets of landlords, and for which tenants would receive the equivalent of only a temporary shelter, is by this process expended in permanent homes which it is both the pride and pleasure of the occupant to improve and beautify and adorn. The peace, permanency and prosperity of a city depend in large measure upon the number of citizens who own them property on which they reside. If the number he large there will be just that many whose interests are involved in the improvement of the place, the erection of public buildings, the promotion of education, morality and religion, and the enforcement of order. A very large proportion of the people of Moberly own their own homes.

AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.

In the summer of 1878 some enterprising gentlemen of this county determined to organize an agricultural society. The Moberly District Fair Association was the outgrowth of this movement. A tract of land, lying in the south eastern part of the city and containing 86 acres, was purchased for the purpose, and on it were immediately erected buildings suitable for such an association. Plank walks extend from the business part of the city to these grounds, distant not over half a mile. The entire 86 acres are enclosed by a substantial plank fence. A grand stand, 28x70 feet, and rising to the height of 30 feet, well covered and comfortably seated, overlooks the whole ground. There is seating room for several thousand visitors. There are also dressing rooms for ladies and a floral hall. Just in front of the stand is a judge's stand in the form of an eastern pagoda. A magnificent mile track, probably the best west of the Mississippi river, is laid out so that every step of a horse may be seen as he goes around. Jockeys who have tested it say that it is a very fast track, and the speed that has been made on it would confirm this opinion. There are numerous stalls for the accommodation of horses and cattle. Other improvements are to be made, and it is safe to say that these grounds in a few years will be second to none in the West outside of St. Louis. There is an abundances of room for the construction of art halls, machinery apartments, and other necessary buildings, besides:L large area for ornamentation. The first fair was held in September, 1878. The sixth annual fair was held in September, 1883, when over $5,000 were distributed in premiums. A large number and great variety of stock was shown, as well as machinery, domestic fabrics, farming implements, agricultural products, etc. On one day of the fair it was estimated that there were between 7,000 and 8,000 people in the enclosure.

There has also been organized a jockey club or racing association, though it is no way connected with the fair association. The first racing season occurred last July, when there were many blooded and fleet horses present to contend for the purses.

RAKE AND STACKER FACTORY.

Very recently Messrs. Fort & Wayland of this city have built near the Union depot a house for the manufacture of the Champion stacker and rake. The building is of brick, 40x80 feet in size, besides a neat brick office and shed for storing and seasoning lumber. The machinery for this factory is now being put in place. The firm contemplate employing 25 or 30 hands, and will begin work as soon as their arrangements can be completed. It is also in contemplation to connect a foundry with the factory to make the necessary castings and do some custom work.

SCROLL AND FANCY WORK.

There is also an establishment for the making of fancy wood work, such as brackets, banisters, shelving, and all kinds of tasteful and ornamental work, models, patterns, and everything that can be made of lumber. The factory is well equipped with machinery, and has workmen skilled in the art. It has been established about a year and has already secured a large and profitable business.

SODA BOTTLING.

Messrs. Strattman & Bro. have a valuable soda water manufactory in the city, and supply the local trade and much of the surrounding county with bottled soda. They have an artesian well of great depth and the goods are made from the purest material. The industry is still increasing in patronage, and Large quantities of the product are disposed of.

BRICKS.

As previously remarked in this review, the clay and sand of this section constitute the material for a superior quality of bricks. This manufactory is a growing industry, and those engaged in it find the demand from this city and from the neighboring towns and villages greater than their capacity to manufacture. During the past season there have been burned at the Moberly kilns 5,000,000 bricks and at least one contractor has fallen short half a million. The product of the kilns is a hard, firm brick, of a bright red color, close grain and compact structure, able to withstand any pressure to which bricks are ever subjected.

For the first time an experiment was made in the manufacture of pressed bricks. The experiment was made on a small scale and with imperfect machinery, but with the most satisfactory results, showing that the clay is admirably adapted to the manufacture of this cheap and excellent building material. The houses built from it are very handsome and present a defiant exterior to sunshine, storm and tempest. The bricks of Moberly have been shipped to nearly every town within a radius of 30 miles, and far more could have been disposed of but for the inability of the makers to provide them.

MINOR MANUFACTORIES.

Time and space would fail us in enumerating the minor manufactories of Moberly, those in which one to six men are employed. They embrace every branch of industry usually pursued in a growing young city, and give employment to a large number of skilled laborers.

Two large marble yards turn out beautiful and artistic designs for monuments, tombstones, headstones, etc., manufactured from both foreign and, domestic marble. Many attractive shafts marks the last resting place of loved ones in our cities of the dead. The work of these shops finds sale in this and all the adjacent counties.

Three harness and saddle manufactories find employment and turn out work of excellent finish and first class material. Our tailors, blacksmiths, bakers, shoemakers, painters, plumbers, plasterers, bricklayers, carpenters, and other artisans, form a small army of skillful and industrious workers, who are providing well for the present and are not improvident of the future.

REAL ESTATE AGENCIES.

There are several real estate agencies in the city that buy and sell wild lands, farms, town lots, residence and business houses. The business is an active one, and is growing rapidly. Messrs. Stewart, Wilson & Brand are the oldest firm in the city, and their agency embraces a wide territory in this and adjoining counties. Messrs. Porter, Hunn & Porter are next in point of age, and have in their hands a great many thousand acres of both improved and unimproved lands, town and city residences and lots. Messrs. Hannah & Gravely do a large purchasing, selling and exchange business, and John L. Vroom has every kind of real estate property for sale. The transaction in this line of business annually will aggregate $140,000 to $150,000.

COMMERCIAL.

The trade of Moberly is steadily growing. It now embraces a wide area, extending into all the adjoining counties. And this circumference is continually widening as the city grows in population and wealth. Within a few years a great many new business houses have been erected, all of which have been promptly occupied by traders and merchants. Not only have the numbers multiplied, but the value and variety of goods handled have been largely increased, showing a healthy growth in these departments of commerce. From all the surrounding country come citizens to trade with our dry goods, millinery, grocery, drug, hardware, lumber, clothing and boot and shoe merchants.

We have eight dry goods houses, carrying heavy stocks and exhibiting for sale the finest textures as well as the coarser and more popular fabrics. The amount of money invested grows larger and larger annually as the area of trade is widened and the city grows in population. The annual retail sales amount to $200,000.

In the line of family groceries there is also a good and increasing foreign and home trade. There are twenty grocery houses in the city dealing in staple and fancy goods. Some of these have a considerable jobbing and wholesale trade, supplying the merchants of adjacent villages. Some, of course, carry small stocks and are confined to a light city trade. But the business is expanding, and during the last year the sales have fallen little if any short of $400,000.

The clothing houses of the city are four in number, carrying exclusive stocks of ready made wear for gentlemen and furnishing goods. All do a greater or less amount of merchant tailoring. Besides these, several dry goods merchants carry a limited stock of clothing and furnishing goods. Within a few years this branch of trade has greatly increased. Really elegant stocks are exposed for sale, and the aggregate sales amount to not less than $125,000.

Notions, fancy goods and household ornaments have recently occupied a separate department in the commercial transactions of cities and towns. Several houses of this character are found in our city, and form a convenient as well as ornamental department of trade. The business is growing with a steady growth, and the sales of the past year have reached, probably, $65,000.

The trade in boots and shoes is done by four houses, though small stocks are kept by some of the dry goods merchants. The trade is mostly local, though several firms carry heavy stocks. The sales during the last year were from $80,000 to $100,000.

Four houses are engaged in the millinery line, and supply the city and country trade. Some of these houses would he creditable to a much larger city. The sales of the past year have reached $20,000.

The hardware business is conducted by four firms, carrying stocks of iron, stoves, hollowware, cutlery and builders' supplies. Two of these houses have been established since the early history of the place; the others are of more recent date. The sales will amount to $100,000 for the year just closing. Agricultural implements, $25,000.

There are eight drug stores, which also include in their stock, paints, oils, leads, wall paper and fancy goods. Their aggregate sales will reach $80,000.

Three lumber yards furnish the building material for the city and vicinity. One of these has been but recently established. The amount of lumber sold during the year will reach between $80,000 and $100,000.

In furniture there are two large and elegant establishments, keeping in stock every variety of household supplies and dealing in undertakers' goods. Their stocks embrace furniture froth the cheapest and plainest to the most costly and elegant. Sales this year, $65,000.

The book stores and numerous news stands keep in stock a great variety of popular books, newspapers, sheet music, stationery, etc. The sales of the past year have reached $25,000.

Jewelry establishments are four in number, offering for sale every variety of plain and costly jewelry, watches, clocks, musical instruments and ornaments. The aggregate sales annually will reach $25,000.

Two houses supply beer by the keg, barrel or car load. This is a heavy trade, and will probably reach this year about $25,000.

This is only an indication of the trade of the city, and by no means includes all its industries. The meat market alone requires an annual expenditure of $100,000 to $125,000. Small manufacturers and dealers swell the aggregate numbers, and run the annual trade in all departments into many millions of dollars. But we have not the space to devote to these branches.

SCHOOLS.

The schools of Moberly are her pride. The public school buildings are three in number, to wit: The Central building having 11 rooms, built at a cost of $16,000.

Three of these are devoted to the high school department where higher mathematics and the classics are taught(1) Prof. L. E. Wolfe, the superintendent, is an accomplished scholar and experienced educator. In this school are enrolled at the present time 756 pupils.

The East Moberly school house was built at a cost of $8,000. Three teachers are employed and 167 scholars are enrolled.

The school for colored pupils is a commodious structure well located. Two teachers are employed and the number of children attending at present is 141. (2)

These three schools under one superintendent are free to the children of all citizens, the expenses being paid by revenue derived from the State and by a tax upon the property of the city. They continue in session eight to nine months of the year.

Besides these, St. Mary's Academy, under the auspices of the Sisters of Loretto, gives educational training to several hundred children. It is admirably conducted and its curriculum embraces a wide range of studies.

The Scientific School was to have been opened early in October, but some circumstances which the principal could not control have prevented him from pursuing his design. It will be opened soon.

Several private schools are also in successful operation, the whole showing a registration of about 1,400 pupils.

1) L. E. Wolfe, Superintendent; W. E. Coons, Principal; F. G. Ferris, Assistant. Mrs, A. Baird, Miss Barbara Mullin, Nellie O'Keefe, Rebecca Hendrix, Anna Buchanan, Lizzie Shaughnessey, Ida B. Roote, Flora Pyle, Bettie Williams, Katie Elliott, Katie Williams.

2) The colored school is taught by M. A. Scrugs and wife.

CHURCHES.

The churches in the city are 11 in number, as follows: 1 Old School Presbyterians; 1 Old School Baptist; 1 Missionary Baptist; 1 Episcopal; 2 Methodist Episcopal; 1 Cumberland Presbyterian; 1 Christian; 1 Catholic; 1 colored Baptist; 1 colored Methodist. Nearly all these have established pastors and regular services.

HOTELS.

Moberly is well provided with commodious and well kept hotels. The Grand Central, elegantly furnished and equipped, has 80 rooms, and is second to no house in the interior of the State. It is owned by William Smith and is ably conducted under the proprietorship of Geo. S. Merritt. P. J. Carmody is the proprietor of the Merchants' Hotel, a large three story structure of 60 rooms, supplied with all modern conveniences. The Commercial is also a commodious house, conducted by George W. Morris. The Florence, conducted by W. G. Herold, is located near the Union depot and is an excellent house. Numerous smaller houses are also well kept, while restaurants, eating houses and boarding houses afford convenient refreshments for the stranger or sojourner.

IMPROVEMENTS.

In the haste with which this review has been gotten up, it has been found impossible to obain a detailed statement of the improvements during the season of 1883. But the amount of building has been very large. The number of houses erected in a given time has been exceeded in previous years, but the character of the buildings in 1883 is far superior to that of former years. Ten large and costly business houses have been built and over one hundred dwellings. These are all occupied soon as completed and are frequently rented before the foundation is laid. Vacant houses are rarely seen, and there is a constant demand for more dwellings. The improvements do not keep step with the increase of population. From the best information obtainable there has been expended the past year in buildings and improvements about $150,000.

THE PROFESSIONS.

The medical, legal and theological professions are represented by able and learned men. There are 13 ministers, 14 physicians (of various schools), and 8 lawyers resident here.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Moberly is well equipped in all departments. Her municipal government, at the head of which is Mayor D. S. Forney, is frugal, economical and yet liberal. The police force is sufficient to preserve the peace and keep an orderly city. The fire department is thoroughly organized, having a steam fire engine and a hook and ladder equipment and convenient cisterns in all parts of the territory embraced in the corporate limits. Our public halls are numerous and extensive. This review might be greatly extended but space forbids.

BANKS.

No banking institutions in the country are safer or are conducted on more correct business principles than those of Moberly. The capital stock is not large, but depositors are secure under the law of the State and under the safe methods adopted by the banks themselves. The Mechanics' Bank, W. F. Elliott, president, Howard Jennings, cashier, has a capital and surplus of $30,000, and is the oldest bank in the city. The Exchange Bank, Adam Given, president, O. E. Hannah, cashier, has been in operation nine years and has secured a large custom. The Randolph Bank was opened in 1882, B. F. Harvey, president, J. C. Shaefer, cashier. It has secured the confidence of our business men and is a reliable institution.

Our report shows a thrifty, growing and prosperous city. It will be observed, also, that there are many enterprises that have no existence here that might be established with profit such as soap, cheese, butter, agricultural implements, woolen, furniture, tobacco, and paper factories, a foundry, machine shops, nail mills and a host of industries the products of which are now supplied by distant manufactories. Our central position, our railroads, our cheap living, our superior coal fields and a host of other advantages, mark Moberly as one of the best locations in the West for the investment of capital.

Here are found combined all the conditions for a thriving city, a central location; a rich agricultural country; inexhaustible mines of coal; unsurpassed railroad transportation; a large and continually increasing demand for the products of our mills, mines and manufactories; raw material of all kinds at the cheapest rates; labor abundant; good schools, and a population of industrious, intelligent and enterprising people. Immigration is not only not refused, but requ sted. There is no proscription on account of political faith, or religious belief, or nationality. Every honest, industrious citizen, of whatever calling or persuasion, is cordially welcomed. Our people are remarkably hospitable, our society is moral and exceptionally temperate, industrious and frugal. Without boasting, it may be truthfully asserted that there is no city, of equal population, where order and quiet are more strictly observed. Our police government is excellent and insubordination to municipal authority is of rare occurrence.

To the immigrant we offer lands cheaper, better and more convenient to market than any he will find farther west. Improved farms, in a good state of cultivation, are offered at prices less than half, and in many instances less than one third what he would he required to pay in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, or any of the older States farther east, with no better and in most cases not as good facilities for reaching a ready market. Unimproved lands are offered to the settler at little more than the congress price of land in the West, where there are neither schools, churches, manufactories, nor organized society. To pass such a country for a home on the frontier is to deliberately throw away advantages.

MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF TRADE.

The Moberly Board of Trade, under whose auspices this review is published, was organized August 6, 1883, and is fully officered and equipped. The following gentlemen constitute the membership: -

C. Adams, C. P. Apgar, John Berastresser, Alfred Beynon, J. R. Blackmore, L. C. Brand, H. Brewer, Charles Brown, P. J. Carmody, O. F. Chandler, Thomas Coates, William Coyle, J. B. Davis, C. W. Digges, F. T. Dysart, S. A. Edmiston, W. F. Elliott, C. Feldenheimer, William Firth, D. S. Forney, J. IL Gingrich, S. J. Goodfellow, A. Gundlach, C. Hall, L. B. Hannah, O. E. Hannah, B. F. Harvey, J. H. Hardin, I. H. Hexter, R. R. Haynes, Pat Hegarty, C. T. Hunn, D. Hutchinson, J. C. Hutton, H. Jennings, H. P. Jennings, E. W. Jones, G. B. Kelly, J. N. Krina, Max Lowenstein, Julius Lotter, J. R. Lowell, Houston Mathews, William Maynard, William McNinch, August Merck, E. H. Miller, Julius Miller, G. W. Morris, T. E. Morrison, A. O'Keefe, J. T. O'Neal, I. B. Porter, T. F. Priest, D. Procter, J. G. Provines, J. W. Ragsdale, V. Reigel, H. Roemer, C. B. Rodes, James Sandison, Al. Schott, William Seelen. James Shaughnessy, A. E. Simon, William Smith, W. B. Stewart. J. C. Straub, H. R. Suppe, A. D. Terrill, A. B. Thompson, Frank Tuttle, J. L. Vroom, T. C. Waltenspiel, J. S. Wayland, G. H. Werries, John B. Williams, John T. Williams, R. A. Wilson.

SOCIETIES.

Benevolent societies are well represented in Moberly. The following fraternities have lodges and are in a flourishing condition: Masons, Knights Templar, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Knights of Honor, Knights and Ladies of Honor, United Workmen, Order Railway Conductors, Brotherhood Locomotive Engineers. Brotherhood Locomotive Firemen, Good Templar, Temperance Union, Brothers of Philanthrophy and perhaps others.

A. F. & A. M. Blue Lodges - Gothic Lodge, No. 108. Was organized March 20, 1878. The charter members are J. W. Hope, W. T. McCanne, J. H. Gravely, George W. Lent, E. H. Mix, N. H. Wheeler, John Simpson, Samuel Gravely, Peter Brown, J. Shaw, W. H. Pool, A. Taylor, and T. T. Millholland. The charter bears date November 7, 1878. The present number of members is 40.

Moberly Lodge No. 344 - Is also in a flourishing condition.

Western Star Lodge Ho. 34 Of (colored) Masons. This Lodge was organized in January, 1875.

Tancred Commander No. 25, Knights Templar - Was organized July 22, 1874, and chartered October 12, following. Its first officers were: Charles W. Burlingame, Eminent Commander; Gaines, Generalissimo; A. T. Bissell, Captain General; E. H. Mix, Prelate; ___ Hotchkiss, Senior Warden; T. P. White, T.; G. W. Daly, Rec.; M. F. Brown, Warden.

Moberly Lodge No. 244, I. O. G. T. - Was instituted December 21, 1871, with the following list of charter members, viz.: Henry P. Bond, W. K. Christian, W. G. Woods, W. H. Pool, James P. Porter, James G. Shepherds, H. P. Hunter, A. N. Dawson, George W. Larne, Thomas A. Lyon, Charles B. Rounds, Nannie T. Pool, Huhlah E. Pool, Charles H. Wentz, Julia E. Wentz, Charles B. Rodes, and John C. Jefferies. The following were the first elective officers, viz.: Charles B. Rodes, W. C. T.; Nannie T. Pool, W. V. T.; H. P. Bond, W. Chap.; Charles H. Wentz, W. Sec'y; W. G. Wood, Fin. Sec'y; James P. Porter, Treasurer. The Lodge, like most similar organizations, has had its "ups and downs," but is now in a very prosperous condition, having over 60 active members on its list. It occupies the west hall in the Elliott building, which it has fitted up in neat style, with new carpets, new furniture, etc.

Olive Branch Lodge No. 35, Knights of Pythias - Was organized in Moberly May 16, 1874, with the following charter members: John A. Hughes, A. C. Van Horn, J. A. Nettles, F. M. Doolittle, William Clark, William McKinzie, E. C. Veits, Frank Barnett, C. A. Williams, L. Haines, Morrv Burrell, H. V. W. Davis, William James, G. G. Ginthes, Harry Coleman, Jacob Lanaer, D. R. Steffev, Henry D. Janes, Peter Brown, James Ashworth, John McMerley, William Haughlin, R. A. Kirkpatrick, William McDonald, George Dickinson, Edwin Tomlinson, George L. Hassett, Frank Reno, Joseph Taylor, J. R. Callahan, B. Levy, William S. Janes, George S. Shone, W. W Davis. The lodge has a membership of 65.

The Endowment Rank, Section 216, K. of P. - Was instituted in 1878.

Randolph Charter No. 150, Order of the Eastern Star - Was organized April 6, 1877, and chartered December 14th following. Its first officers were: Mrs. C. E. Greer, Worthy Matron; John Simpson, Worthy Patron; Mrs. M. L. McGindley, Associate Matron; Mrs. Mary P. Selby, Treasurer; Mr. E. H. Mix, Secretary; Mrs Mittie J. Mix, Conductress; Mrs Lena D. Gravely, Ada; Mrs. Mollie O'Brian, Ruth; Mrs. Mary M. Ward, Esther; Mrs. Della Tanner, Martha; Mrs. Sarah Bowden, Electa; Mrs. Mary E. Brown, Warden.

M. D. M. Society. - In June, 1879, the Moberly District Medical Society was organized with 34 members. It embraces the counties of Howard, Randolph, Monroe and Chariton, and will probably include Macon The meetings are to be held three times a year, June, October and February, in the city of Moberly. Dr. J. Vaughn, of Glasgow, is president, and Dr. G. W. Broome, of Moberly, is secretary.

Moberly Royal Arch Chapter No. 79 - Was organized in March, 1873. The charter members were George L. Hassett, Eli Owens, T. P. White, Adam Given, Henry Combe, R. A. Wilson, George A. Suttles, B. Y. A. Clarkson, J. C. Hickerson, W. H. Bassett, D. A. Poole, B. H. Weatherford. The lodge now contains 56 members.

A. O. U. W. - Randolph Lodge, No. 30 - Was organized October 24, 1877. The charter members were J. T. Cox, E. 11. Mix, S. G. Merrill, C. F. Campbell, A. Grundlach, C. G. Greer, J. L. Wright, L. L. Kenepp, V. E. Lary, M. A. Hayes, Thoma Hughes, J. W. Kinney, John Mathias, G. W. Marsey, J. J. Jones, J. E. Roberts, I. C. Rhodes, John N. Ward, N. H. Wheeler, James Haight.

Select Knights, A. O. U. W. Organized May 22, 1882. Charter members: C. K. McGowan, R. P. Jones, J. P. Cunningham, E. H. Miller, W. J. Jackson, William Fennell, James McNulty, 31. A. Hayes, J. H. Gingrich; present membership is 38.

Moberly Lodge, No. 248 - Was organized May 25, 1882, with the following charter members: N. 31. Baskett, W. S. Jones, George W. Sparks, W. A. Wright, 31. L. Sears, Howard Jennings, P. H. Nise, J. R. Blackman, A. J. McCanne, D. T. Carpenter, Hiram Jennings, J. W. Ragsdale, W. W. Porter, J. T. O'Neal, M. Lowenstein, W. J. Hallick, George Rupp, James A. Lindley, It. R. Haynes, B. T. Porter, W. S. Hall, W. M. Coyle, T. E. Morrison, W. B. Stewart, G. H. Cunningham, C. H. Parker, B. R. White, Ferdinand Miller, James Sanderson, J. H. Hardin, W. T. Ragland, C. W. Digges, H. H. Roberts, A. McCandless, B. T. Hardin, J. E. Sharp, C. G. Hammond, J. P. Trimble, J. Q. Mason, J. W. Webster, William Barrowman, E. J. Deskins.

Knights of Honor - Golden Rule Lodge, No. 19. - Organized in 188-, with the following as charter members: U. S. Hall, James E. Roberts, L. Brandt, A. G. Grundlach, G. Dickinson, T. F. Priest, R. Freeman, John Held, Rev. H. C. Davhoff, G. B. Kelley, John Zeis, G. W. Weems, C. E. Austin, J. H. Conradt, Dabney Proctor, John G. Provines, Frank White, H. S. Priest, John B. Martin, O. E. Hannah, John B. Dolson, Homer Kimball, W. H. Cook, J. A. Tannehill, F. E. P. Harlan, J. Y. Evans, G. A. St. Clair.

Magic Council, No. 26 - Organized January 17, 1884, with the following members: L. B. Hannah, Zeth Walden, J. K. Kimball, D. K. Kimball, J. T. Cox, B. T. Porter, William P. Davis, T. A. Manuel, S. H. Tedford, J. A. Nettles, Mrs. L. Kimball, William F. Sharp, William Firth, W. A. Rothwell, H. W. Johnson, I. A. Thompson. Membership, 35.

BUSINESS HOUSES.

Seven drug stores, eight barbers, seventeen saloons, four hardware, six hotels, two opera houses, four millinery stores, seven restaurants, two painters, five meat markets, one laundry, fourteen physicians, five shoe makers, twenty groceries, three second hand stores, two marble works, five cigar stores, four boot and shoe stores, two fancy goods stores, seven dentists, one wall paper store, four newspapers, three clothing stores, three tailors, five general stores, two photographers, ten lawyers, three blacksmiths, one carpenter, three banks, six dry goods stores, two wagon makers, three lumber yards, three jewelers, one bill poster, one boarding house, two book stores, three harness shops, one pottery shop, one carriage manufactory, two bakeries, five real estate and insurance, one news dealer, one builder, two rag stores, one dye works, one dress maker, one pork packing house, one gas company, two sewing machine and organ houses, one bricklayer, one fruit store, three livery stables, one furniture store, two florists, one confectionary, one academy, one hide house, one gunsmith, one coal mine, one flour mill, one fish and vegetable house, one coal and wood yard.

COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.

The court of common pleas was established at Moberly in 1875, with jurisdiction over one township. The judge of the second judicial circuit was ex-officio judge of that court. This was Hon. George H. Burckhartt, who has ever since presided. C. H. Hance was the first clerk. The jurisdiction of this court has been enlarged so as to take in Union, Salt River, Jackson and a part of Prairie townships.

The seal of the court is the picture of Judge Burekhartt horseback, with five hounds in pursuit of a deer.


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