History of Bedford, New Hampshire
FROM: History of Hillsborough County
New Hampshire
EDITD BY: GEORGE S. CONOVER
COMPILED BY D. HAMILTON HURD
PUBLISHED BY J. W. Lewis & Co.
PHILADELPHIA: 1885

Typed by: Sharon Pustejovsky

CHAPTER III.
BEDFORD - (Continued).


Centenniel Celebration - Civil History - Town Clerks from 1750 to 1885 - Representatives from 1762 to 1885 - Physicians - Lawyers - Population - Extracts from Matthew Patten's Journal - The Old Militia - Military Records, 1861- 65 - List of Soldiers - Bounties and Expenses.

Centennial Celebration. - One of the most interesting events in the history of Bedford was the celebration of the centennial of the town, May 19, 1850.

Peter P. Woodbury was president of the day, with the following vice-presidents: Thomas Chandler, Moody M. Stevens, Samuel Chandler, John French, John McAllister, Theodore Goffe, John Patten.

The committee of arrangements consisted of the following: Leonard C. French, Willard Parker, Daniel Moore, Isaac Darrah, John Patten, John Adams, Adam Chandler, Andrew Dow, G. W. Riddle, Joseph H. Stevens, John Barr, L. C. French (2d), Thos. Holbrook, Charles F. Shepard, John Goffe, Elijah C. Stevens, Gardner Nevins, Rodney McLaughlin, James Walker, Simon Jenness.

The address on the occasion was delivered by Hon. Isaac O. Barnes. Remarks were also made by Horace Greeley, 1 Rev. Mr. Adams, Rev. Mr. Clark, John Atwood, Mr. Savage, Rev. C. W. Wallace, Rev. J. T. Woodbury, Dr. Leonard French, Hon. C. E. Potter, James O. Adams and others.

The toasts on the occasion were as follows:

"19th of May, 1750. - Ever to be remembered by the descendants of Bedford - the petitioners on that day received a charter of incorporation, whereby they could support their religion, which was that, and that only, they petitioned for."

Responded to by Hon. Horace Greeley, of New York City.

"19th May, 1850. - Thanks to God, our religious institutions are still with us, and we most earnestly pray they may be the first, and, above all other things, supported by us and our posterity."

Responded to by Rev. Mr. Davis, of Amherst.

"Our Parents. - Long, long left us, gone to reap their reward of glory - with gratitude we remember them; may we ever practice their virtues, and teach them to our children by precept and example."

Responded to by Rev. Mr. Clark, of Manchester.

"The Emigrants, and Guests of Bedford. - We greet you welcome to our town, and our festive board. Pleasant and profitable to meet as relations, friends, and acquaintances, - it is the first time and the last, we shall ever meet on such an occasion, in Bedford."

John Atwood, Esq., of Albany, N. Y., responded.

"The changes of one hundred years. - The woolen and linen-wheels for the cotton-mills and spinning jennies, - are not more wonderful than the horse's two days' journey to Boston, with wooden panniers, with a tub of butter on either side, or both, filled with linen cloth or thread, to the steam-engine and the telegraph wires."

"England, Scotland and Ireland. - Our mother-countries; their united blood produces the best of stock, defying the world for competition."

Rev. James T. Woodbury, of Acton, Mass., responded.

"Brown bread. - May the hale yeomanry of old Bedford never despise the hearty and substantial food of their ancestors."

Response by Hon. C. E. Potter, of Mancester.

"Our Posterity. - May this day be remembered, one hundred years hence, by our descendants who shall then be on the stage of action."

Responded to by Dr. Leonard French, of Fitchburg, Mass.

"The Scotch-Irish. - They left the north of Ireland, braved the dangers of the ocean, and came to these western wilds to enjoy their religion and liberty. May their offspring appreciate such noble virtues, and cherish them as a rich legacy handed down from their forefathers."

John Aiken, Esq., of Andover, Mass., responded.

"The Orator of the day. - If our houses and Barnes appear as well a century to come as they do to day, posterity will have no reason to be ashamed of their inheritance."

Hon. Isaac O. Barnes spoke briefly on the subject of education.

"The Ladies of Bedford. - Ever prompt and energetic in every undertaking of a worthy and commendable character."

James O. Adams, of Manchester, responded.

1 Horace Greeley was born just over the line of Bedford, in Amherst, the school he attended and the better portion of his father's farm being in Bedford, where he resided during a portion of his early years.


278 HISTORY OF HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.

Civil History. - The following is a list of town clerks from 1750 to 1885:

John McLaughlin, 1750, '51.
Matthew Patten, 1752, '53, '54, '55, '56, '57, '58, '59, '60, '61, '62, '63, '64, '65, '66, '67, '68, '69, '70, '71, '72, '73.
John Bell, 1773, '74, '75, '76, '77.
William White, 1777, '78, '79, '80, '81.
Thomas McLaughlin, 1782.
John Rand, 1783, '84.
Josiah Gillis, 1785, '86, '87.
William Moor, 1788, '89, 90.
William McAffee, 1791, '99, 1800.
David Patten, 1792, '93, '94, '95, '96, 1807, '08, '09, '10.
Phineas Aiken, 1797, '98, 1801, '02, '03, '04.
Samuel Chandler, 1805, '06,
Moody M. Stevens, 1811, '12, '13, '14, '15.
William Moor, 1816, '17.
Alfred Foster, 1818, '19, '20, '21, '22, '23, '24, '25, '26.
Samuel Chandler, 1827, '28.
Leonard Walker, 1829, '30, '33, '34.
Isaac Riddle, 1831, '32.
Daniel Moor, Jr., 1835.
Frederick Wallace, 1836, '37.
Daniel Gordon, 1838, '39, '40, '41, '43.
John Parker, 1842.
Andrew J. Dow, 1844, '45, '46, '47, '51.
Benjamin F. Wallace, 1848, '49.
Matthew Barr, 1850.
Daniel K. Mack, 1852, '53.
Chandler Spofford, 1854, '55, '56, '57.
Benjamin Hall, 1858, '59, '60, '61, '62, '63, '64.
William W. Wilkins, 1865, '66, '67, '68.
John Hodgman, 1869, '70, '71.
Theodore A. Goffe, 1872.
Silas A. Riddle, 1873, '74, '76, '77, '78, '79, '80, '81, '82, '83, '84, '85.
George W. Flint, 1875.

REPRESENTATIVES. - The following is a list of representatives from 1762 to 1885:

John Goffe, 1762, '63, '64, '65, '66, '67, '68, '69, '70, '71, '72, '73, '74, '75.
Paul Dudley, 1775, '76, '77, '78.
John Orr, 1779, '82, '95, '96, '97, 1811, '12.
Samuel Patten, 1781.
Matthew Thornton, 1783.
James Martin, 1784, '85, '91.
Stephen Dole, 1786, '88, '89, '90, '92, '93, '94.
Isaac Riddle, 1798, '99, 1813.
David Patten, 1800, '01, '02.
Phineas Aiken, 1803, '04, '14.
William Riddle, 1805, '06, '07.
Samuel Chandler, 1808, '09, '10, '15, '16, '17, '18.
Josiah Gordon, 1819, '20.
Thomas Chandler, 1821, '22.
William Moor, 1823, '24, '32, '33.
William Riddle, 1825, '26, '30, '31.
Ebenezer French, 1827.
Joseph Colley, 1828, '29, '35.
James McK. Wilkins, 1834, '36, '37.
J. B. Bowman, 1838, '39.
John French, 1840.
Thomas Chandler, 1841, '42.
William Patten, 1843.
L. C. French, 1844, '45, '46.
William P. Riddle, 1847, '48.
Gardner Nevins, 1847, '48.
A. N. Patten, 1849.
Chandler Spafford, 1849.
L. C. French (2d), 1850.
A. J. Dow, 1850.
1851. Benjamin F. Wallace and Moody M. Stevens.
1852. James Morrison and Thomas W. Moore.
1853. Noyes Poor.
1854. James French.
1855. James French.
1856. Russell Moore.
1857. Russell Moore.
1858. Thomas G. Holbrook.
1859. Thomas G. Holbrook.
1860. Henry Hale.
1861. Henry Hale.
1862. William R. French.
1863. William R. French.
1864. George W. Riddle.
1865. George W. Riddle.
1866. Silas Holbrook.
1867. Silas Holbrook.
1868. Samuel Patten.
1869. Charles H. Moore.
1870. John Hodgman.
1871. George W. Goffe.
1872. Thomas G. Worthley.
1873. Voted not to send.
1874. Voted not to send.
1875. Paul T. Campbell.
1876. George W. Goffe.
1877. Voted not to send.
1878. William McAllaster.
1879. Voted not to send.
1880. Charles B. Beal.
1882. John A. Riddle.
1884. Freeman R. French.

Physicians. - Dr. Nathan Cutler, son of the former, came to Bedford in 1789; he married Elizabeth Swett, and died May, 1809.

Dr. William Wallace came to Bedford in 1805; his native place was Milford, N. H. He died in 1821. His widow, sister of Rev. E. L. Parker, of Londonderry, survived him many years.

Dr. Baird came to Bedford in 1811; left in 1813, and went to Nelson; he resided, while in town, with Thomas Wallace.

Dr. Page came in 1810, and resided in Bedford but a few months.

Dr. Frederick A. Mitchell came in 1813; he was born in Peterborough. He married Lucy, daughter of Deacon Phineas Aiken. He left the practice in 1815, but lived in town till 1835.

Dr. P. P. Woodbury came to Bedford in 1815; he was born in Francestown, N. H.

Dr. Silas Walker came to Bedford in 1827; born in Goffstown; died in 1843.

Dr. Houston came to Bedford in 1824; resided at Piscataquog; stayed one year, and then went to Western New York.

Dr. Levi B. Johnson came to Bedford in 1825; stayed two years; he boarded at the village.

Dr. Robert Riddle, son of Hugh Riddle, began to practice at Hooksett; came back to his father's in 1825; practiced medicine till his death, which occurred in 1828.

Dr. Henry Clinton Parker, son of James Parker, Esq., studied medicine in Philadelphia; began to practice at the village in 1838.

Dr. Leonard French, son of Leonard C. French, studied medicine with Dr. Crosby; began to practice in 1845; stayed one year in town, and removed to Ashby.

Dr. John D. Walker, son of Dr. Silas Walker, studied medicine with his father, and began to practice in 1840 or 1841.

Dr. John Harvill came to Bedford in 1849; began to practice at the village, and after one year went to California.

The present physician is Frank D. Rowe.

The history of Bedford also makes mention of the following lawyers who resided in town: James Underwood, James Parker, Isaac McGaw, J. B. Bowman, James McWilkins, John Porter.

POPULATION.

1767.

Unmarried men from 16 to 60 years…………………….. 30
Married men from 16 to 60……………………………… 43
Boys from 16 and under………………………………… 93
Men 60 and above………………………………………. 13
Females unmarried……………………………………… 117
Females married………………………………………… 51
Slaves (male, 6; female, 3)……………………………… 9
Widows…………………………………………………. 6
_______
Total…………………………………………….. 362

For 1775 we have the following return, dated, "Bedford, October 27, 1775."


BEDFORD 279

" Males under 16………………………………………….. 109
Males from 16 to 50 not in army………………………... 93
Males above 50………………………………………….. 28
Persons gone to war……………………………………... 14
Females in all……………………………………………. 241
Negroes and slaves for life………………………………. 10
_______
Total……………………………………………… 495

"HILLSBOROUGH, 88., Oct. 27, 1775.

"Then personally appeared John Bell, and made solemn oath to his fidelity and impartiality in numbering the souls in Bedford, and making return of the several ages and sexes, as in the columns above thereof.

"Sworn before, MATT. PATTEN, J. P."

"There are 37 guns lacking to equip the inhabitants of Bedford. There are 11 ¾ lbs. powder in Bedford, according to information, and no town stock of ammunition.

"JOHN BELL."

The population in 1783 was 762 (framed houses, 93); 1800, 1182; 1810, 1296; 1820, 1375; 1830, 1554; 1840, 1543: 1850, 1913; dwelling-houses, 312; families, 344; farmers, 267; laborers, 161; shoemakers, 10; blacksmiths, 5; brickmakers, 33; machinists, 10; carpenters, 8; physicians, 2; clergyman, 1; lawyer, 1; teacher, 1; scholars attending school this year, 589; value of real estate owned, $594,600. 1

EXTRACTS FROM HON. MATTHEW PATTEN'S JOURNAL.

"March 29, 1755. Was chosen town-clerk. Voted to give me six pounds, old tenor, for what I should record for the town this year, and they were to find me paper to write the minutes of the town on.
"October 29, 1755. Snow fell, ankle-deep.
"July 18, 1756. John Smith, of New Boston, informed me that a bear had bit my heifer (that he had in keeping), so she could not live. I got Mr. McNeil, of New Boston, to butcher her for me.
"September 13 & 14, 1756. A great frost, so as to kill all the cornleaves.
"November 27, 1756. Went to Londonderry, to know when the Gen. Court set; found it to be next Tuesday. On the 30th set out for Portsmouth; went as far as Mr. Murphy's, in Londonderry, and received an account that the Gen. Court had adjourned till Tuesday, 14th December, next.
"September 4, 1757. Mr. Houston lectured in the forenoon on the 1st chapter of John, and preached in the afternoon, it being the first sermon ever preached in our meeting-house. 11th, Mr. Houston lectured in the forenoon on the 12th, 13th and 14th v. of the first chapter of John, and preached in the afternoon, from Amos, fourth chapter and 12th verse.
"January 22, 1758. Mr. Houston lectured on part of the 3d chapter of John's gospel. There were but 15 persons at meeting, by reason of the snow, which was deep, and poor paths.
"June 8 & 9, 1759. Fished at Namaskeag Falls and got 120 shad, and I gave Robert McMurphy 10 of them; and I got 4 shad and a small salmon, for my part, from the setting-place. Wm. Peters fished for me by the halves.
"July 15, 1700. I joined with Sam'l Patterson to fish for salmon, and catched 2; one weighed 12 ½ lbs., and the other 18 lbs. The small one I had, and the large one he had. 16th, We raised the bridge over Pisacataquog river, and set our net that night, and by morning we had a 9 and a 6 pound salmon; the large one I had, and the small one Patterson had.
"March 12, 1761. This morning, about 2 o'clock, a considerable smart shock of an earthquake, which wakened me out of sleep.
"March 4, 1762. I attended a meeting of the towns of Amherst and Bedford, at Bedford meeting-house, to choose a representative; I was chosen moderator by a unanimous choice, and Col. Goffe was chosen representative by 46 votes, and Capt. Barron had 13.
'April 1, 1764. Snow fell near 3 inches deep.
"June 7, 1771. Attended the funeral of Capt. Barron, and was one of the under bearers.
"July 3, 1771. I went to Derryfield meeting-house, and heard Mr. Ward, of Plymouth, preach.
"November 27, 1779. I have 2 bushels of corn a day for writing.
"May 19, 1780. Was a thunder-shower in the morning, and was fol-

1 Census for 1850.

lowed by an uncommon darkness, such as is not recommended. It was so dark that one could not know a man but at a small distance, and were obliged to keep a light in the chimney to see to go about, and the night was so extraordinary dark until 1 o'clock that a person could not see his hand when held up, nor even a white sheet of paper. Day and night cloudy. Cause unknown. The works of the Lord are great and marvelous, and past finding out until He graciously pleases to reveal them."

The Old Militia. 2 - Persons who held commissions in the militia in the town of Bedford:

Stephen Dole, colonel; James Aiken, captain; Phineas Aiken, lieutenant; James Gilmore, ensign; William Dole, captain; Nathan Barnes, captain; Andrew Aiken, captain of cavalry; James Moor, lieutenant; ____ Dunlap, major; ____ Bois, captain; William Moor, captain; James McLaughlin, ensign; John McAllister, captain; Thomas Chandler, captain; Joseph Colley, captain; Thomas Barr, captain of artillery, 1815 to 1817.

William Moore, appointed captain August 8, 1812; promoted adjutant July 4, 1816; promoted colonel June 20, 1818; resigned March 9, 1820.

Moody M. Stevens, appointed lieutenant June 20, 1814; resigned July 26, 1816.

Leonard C. French, appointed ensign June 20, 1814; promoted captain July 26, 1816; resigned June 23, 1818.

Enoch Dole, appointed lieutenant July 26, 1816; promoted captain June 23, 1818; resigned February 10, 1819.

Jesse Parker, appointed ensign July 26, 1816; promoted lieutenant June 23, 1818; promoted captain February 10, 1819; resigned April 9, 1821.

William Chandler, appointed ensign June 23, 1818; promoted lieutenant February 10, 1819; promoted captain April 9, 1821; resigned April 9, 1824.

Robert Moor, appointed ensign February 10, 1819; promoted lieutenant April 9, 1821; promoted captain April 9, 1824; resigned January 31, 1825.

David Stevens appointed ensign August 27, 1821; promoted lieutenant April 9, 1824; resigned January 31, 1825.

Samuel Campbell, appointed ensign April 9, 1824; promoted captain February 2, 1825; resigned March 24, 1828.

Benjamin Nichols, appointed lieutenant February 2, 1825; promoted captain March 1, 1828; discharged April 17, 1830.

Joseph C. Moor, appointed ensign February 2, 1825; promoted lieutenant March 1, 1828; promoted captain April 17, 1830; resigned February 8, 1832.

Samuel G. Colley, appointed ensign September 5, 1829; promoted lieutenant April 17, 1830; promoted captain February 20, 1832; resigned April 8, 1834.

David Sprague, appointed ensign April 17, 1830; promoted lieutenant February 20, 1832; resigned April 8, 1834.

William Goff, appointed captain April 9, 1834; resigned August 28, 1834.

Rufus Merrill, appointed captain August 28, 1834, resigned February 5, 1838.

Nathaniel Moore, appointed lieutenant August 28, 1834; promoted captain February 6, 1838; resigned June 5, 1839.

William A. Rundlett, appointed ensign August 28, 1834; promoted lieutenant May 22, 1838; resigned March 14, 1839.

William R. French, appointed ensign May 23, 1838; promoted captain June 11, 1839; resigned March 11, 1842.

Frederick Hodgman, appointed lieutenant June 11, 1839; promoted captain March 11, 1842; resigned July 7 1843.

William McAllister, appointed ensign June 11, 1839; promoted lieutenant March 11, 1842; resigned July 7, 1843.

Benjamin Hall, appointed ensign March 11, 1842; promoted captain July 7, 1843; resigned March 20, 1844.

Charles A. Moore, appointed ensign July 7, 1843; resigned May 27, 1844.

Philip C. Flanders appointed captain October 13, 1845; removed by address, June session, 1846.

F. F. French, appointed ensign October 13, 1845; resigned April 20, 1847.

Thomas G. Worthley, appointed lieutenant October 13, 1845; promoted captain April 20, 1847; resigned April 6, 1848.

2 From History of Bedford.


280 HISTORY OF HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.

Joseph H. Flint, appointed ensign April 20, 1847; promoted lieutenant August 24, 1847; promoted captain September 4, 1848; resigned May 1, 1849.

James H. Moore, appointed ensign August 24, 1847; resigned August 7, 1848.

Robert C. Moore, appointed ensign September 4, 1848; resigned May 22, 1849.

William Moore (2d), appointed lieutenant September 4, 1848; promoted captain May 1, 1849.

William P. Gage, appointed lieutenant May 22, 1849.

Rufus K. Darrah, appointed ensign May 22, 1849.

George W. Goffe, appointed ensign August 24, 1849.

In the year 1814 a company of exempts was formed in Bedford, numbering about sixty men, which was composed of men forty years of age and upwards, who were not liable to do military duty, according to law, but armed and equipped themselves at their own expense, for the protection of their country, which was then engaged in hostilities with England, and held themselves ready to march at a moment's warning. Their first officers were the following: Isaac Riddle, captain; John Holbrook, lieutenant; Samuel Chandler, second lieutenant; William Riddle, ensign.

It will be perceived that during the War of 1812 there were more than two hundred men armed and equipped in the town of Bedford, who held themselves in readiness to march in defense of their country. At the time the British invaded Portsmouth, the company of exempts under Captain Isaac Riddle, the infantry under Captain William Moore, and the Grenadiers, under Captain William P. Riddle, met at centre of the town, and drilled every day for two weeks, expected hourly to have orders to march to meet the enemy at Portsmouth.

In the year 1815 the infantry company, embodying in its limits all of the town of Bedford, was composed of about one hundred and fifty men. The field officers of the Ninth Regiment, deeming it too large for the purpose for which it was intended, created a volunteer company by the name of the Bedford Grenadiers, numbering forty-eight rank and file. For military tactics and strict discipline it stood the highest in the Ninth Regiment, and was considered one of the first companies of the State. It was organized before the close of the War of 1812. The uniforms were of American manufacture. Coats were made of homespun cloth, colored blue, trimmed with yellow silk braid and bright buttons. Pants were made of white cotton jean or drilling, manufactured from No. 16 cotton yarn, and wove by the Misses Patten, of this town. Vests of the same. Gaiters made from black velvet. Black wool hats, furnished with a brass front-piece, impressed with the American eagle. The plumes were of white with a red top, made from geese feathers by Mrs. Theodore Goffe, of this town.

In the year 1821 the company procured a new uniform, similar in style to the first one, but of a richer material, substituting English manufacture for American.

The company continued to hold its rank as one of the best companies of the State until it was disbanded, in the year 1834.

Its officers were the following:

William P. Riddle, appointed first captain December 20, 1815; promoted major May 19, 1820; promoted lieutenant-colonel June 23, 1821; promoted colonel June 15, 1824; promoted brigadier-general June 24, 1831; promoted major-general June 25, 1833; resigned June 8, 1835.

Isaac McGaw, appointed lieutenant December 20, 1815; resigned February 10, 1818.

William Patten, appointed ensign December 20, 1815; promoted lieutenant February 10, 1818; promoted captain August 28, 1820; resigned April 9, 1821.

Alfred Foster, appointed ensign February 10, 1819; promoted lieutenant August 28, 1820; promoted captain April 9, 1821; promoted major June 18, 1825; died in office.

John Patten, appointed ensign August 28, 1820; promoted lieutenant April 9, 1821; promoted captain August 12, 1825; resigned December 19, 1827.

Daniel Gordon, appointed ensign April 9, 1821; promoted lieutenant August 12, 1825; promoted captain December 22, 1827; resigned November 22, 1829.

Rufus Merrill, appointed ensign August 12, 1825; promoted lieutenant December 22, 1827; promoted captain December 2, 1829; resigned April 16, 1832.

John P. Houston, appointed ensign December 22, 1827; promoted lieutenant December 2, 1829; promoted captain April 18, 1832; resigned April 16, 1833.

James French, appointed ensign December 22, 1829; resigned April 16, 1832.

Samuel Patten, appointed lieutenant April 18, 1832; promoted captain April 17, 1833; resigned April 26, 1834.

Samuel Morrison, appointed ensign April 18, 1832; promoted lieutenant April 17, 1833; resigned April 26, 1834.

R. McLaughlin, appointed ensign April 17, 1833; resigned July 22, 1834.

In the year 1842 a volunteer company was formed, under the style of the Bedford Highlanders. Their uniforms consisted of coats made from green and Highland plaid, with a plaid scarf; pants of white, trimmed with black velvet; hats of black velvet, with black plumes.

Its first officers were the following:

Charles F. Shepard, appointed captain April 11, 1842; resigned October 13, 1845.

Joshua Vose, Jr., appointed lieutenant April 11, 1842; appointed captain October 13, 1845; resigned April 20, 1847.

Timothy F. Moore, appointed ensign May 24, 1844; promoted lieutenant October 13, 1845; promoted captain April 20, 1847; resigned December 9, 1847.

Alfred McAffee, appointed ensign October 13, 1845; promoted lieutenant April 20, 1847; promoted captain December 9, 1847; (disbanded).

William Moore (2d), appointed ensign April 20, 1847; promoted lieutenant December 9, 1847; (disbanded).

William McDole Ferson, appointed ensign December 9, 1847; (disbanded).

Field and Staff Officers.

Silas Walker, appointed surgeon September 17, 1824; resigned September 2, 1826.

Robert Riddle, appointed surgeon's mate September 2, 1826; died in office.

H. C. Parker, appointed paymaster August 25, 1831; resigned September 6, 1831; appointed surgeon December 11, 1838; resigned March 4, 1831.

Isaac Riddle, appointed adjutant July 23, 1824; promoted major June 24, 1831; resigned June 12, 1833.

Lewis F. Harris, appointed quartermaster July 23, 1824; resigned October 22, 1828.

A. J. Dow, appointed adjutant July 20, 1837; resigned August 14, 1840.

Leonard Rundlett, appointed quartermaster July 20, 1837; promoted brigade inspector September 9, 1839; resigned 1840.

L. B. Bowman appointed paymaster August 16, 1838; promoted adjutant August 14, 1840; resigned 1841.

George W. Riddle, appointed quartermaster August 21, 1848.

Military Record, 1861-65 - The following, com-


BEDFORD 281

piled and arranged by George W. Riddle, is the record of Bedford during the War of the Rebellion:

FIRST REGIMENT (Three Months).
Mustered in May 1, 1861.
Lyford Hunt, Company C.

SECOND REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in June 1, 1861.
W. Gage Kendall, Company C; died at Camp Beauford, Md., November 15, 1861.

THIRD REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in August 23, 1861.
Eli E. Bowman, Company A.
William H. Plumer, Company A; discharged for disability.
John Locklin, Company H.
William A. Butterfield, Company H; discharged for disability.
Thomas Adams, Company H; served three years.
George W. Adams, Company H; killed at Pinckney Island, S. C., August 21, 1862.
Samuel Adams, Company H; discharged for disability August 2, 1862.
John N. Campbell, Company H; wounded severely June 16, 1862; discharged for disability March 20, 1863.
W. H. H. Nichols, Company H; wounded August 1, 1862; discharged for disability October 30, 1862.
Andrew J. Campbell, Company H; died of disease September 8, 1862.
Charles J. Andrews, Company K.
Corporal John A. Armstrong, Company K; killed in action at Drury's Bluff, Va., May 13, 1864.
Sergeant George Way, Company K; wounded August 16, 1864.

FOURTH REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in September 18, 1861.

Captain Edward Whitford, Company E; promoted to captain May 10, 1865.
Sergeant Thomas S. Burns, Company E.
George H. Blood, Company E.
Sergeant John P. Hodgman, Company K.
Corporal Samuel B. Mace, Company K.
George W. Mace, Company K.
Corporal Samuel McDoel, Company K.
Lieutenant John Fullerton, Company K; promoted to first lieutenant August, 1865.
Sergeant James McConihe, Company K.

SEVENTH REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in November 1, 1861.
Sergeant Charles C. McPherson, Company I, supposed killed at Fort Wagner, July 18, 1863.
Henry Oliver, Company I; died of disease September 15, 1862.
Onslow F. McPherson, Company I.
John R. Young, Company I.
Edward Tatro, Company G; died of disease March 22, 1862.

EIGHTH REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in December 20, 1861.
Joseph F. Cady, died in service.
James W. Harriman, Company F; discharged for disability March 3, 1864.

NINTH REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in July 12, 1862.
Town Bounty.
George Hodgman, Jr., Company B; died of disease,
Falmouth, Va., November 3, 1863…………………… $50.00
______ $50.00
TENTH REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in August 20, 1862.
Corporal Alfred Quaid, Company A; captured at Fair
Oaks, October 27, 1864; died at Andersonville
prison……………………………………………... $50.00
Albert N. Jenness, Company A; served three years….. 50.00
William F. Conner, Company A; wounded severely
September 29, 1864………………………………. 50.00
Walter D. Campbell, Company A; wounded severely
June 3, 1864………………………………………. 50.00
Charles Seavey, Company A; wounded severely July,
1864, also September 29, 1864…………………... 50.00
Jackson Butterfield, Company A; served three years... 50.00

Town Bounty
Horace Townsend, Company A; wounded severely
June 5, 1864……………………………………… 00.00
Samuel Seavey, Company A; served three years……. 50.00
Charles N. Parkhurst, Company A; died Fredericks-
burg, December 17, 1862………………………... 00.00
Page Campbell, Company D; died of wounds received
March 11, 1864………………………………….. 50.00
George C. Campbell, Company D; served three years. 50.00
Silas Campbell, Company D; wounded at Fredericks-
burg, December, 1862…………………………… 50.00
Isaac Campbell, Company D; captured at Fair Oaks,
Va., October 27, 1864; died at Andersonville pris-
on………………………………………………… 50.00
Daniel S. Campbell, Company D; discharged for dis-
ability October 14, 1864…………………………. 50.00
John H. Campbell, Company D; served three years…. 50.00
Andrew S. Campbell, Company D; deserted at Fal-
mouth January 22, 1863………………………….. 50.00
Charles S. Campbell, Company D; discharged for dis-
ability May 17, 1864……………………………... 50.00
William Philbrick, Company D; served three years… 50.00
George A. Blood, Company D; died at Portsmouth,
Va., November 10, 1863………………………… 50.00
William Adams, Company D; died of disease at Fal-
mouth January 12, 1863…………………………. 50.00
Albert P. Kelley, Company F; discharged at Fair Oaks
October 27, 1864………………………………… 50.00
Sergeant George C. McPherson, Company H; cap-
tured at Fair Oaks, Va., October 27, 1864; died in
Andersonville prison, Ga………………………… 50.00
John Roby, Company H; served three years………… 50.00
Lysander Gardner, Company H; discharged for disa-
bility April 1, 1863………………………………. 50.00
Charles N. Townsend, Company H; transferred to V.
R. Corps August 13, 1863……………………….. 00.00
H. H. Walker, Company H; served three years…….... 50.00
Edmund Kendall, Company H; taken prisoner;
served three years………………………………... 50.00
______ $1250.00

ELEVENTH REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in August 28, 1862.
Town Bounty.
Charles A. Riddle, Company C; transferred to V. R.
Corps April 15, 1864………………………………… $50.00
James A. Riddle, Company C; wounded severely De-



cember 13, 1862; discharged for disability………….. 50.00
Joseph O. Smith, Company E; captured June 22, 1863;
died in Andersonville prison………………………… 50.00
_____ $150.00
FOURTEENTH REGIMENT (Three Years).
Mustered in September 22, 1862.
Town Bounty.
T. J. Wiggin, Company D; transferred to Signal Corps
April 28, 1863………………………………………. $50.00

FIFTEENTH REGIMENT (Nine Months).
Mustered in October 9, 1862.
Town Bounty.
John Hodgman, Company E; wounded severely……….. $200.00
Andrew C. Giles, Company E; wounded severely……... 200.00
William H. Hodgman, Company E; died of disease at
Carrolton, Va., January 22, 1863…………………… 200.00
James S. Lord, Company E…………………………….. 200.00
J. I. Whittemore, Company E; wounded slightly………. 200.00
______ $1000.00
SIXTEENTH REGIMENT (Nine Months).
Mustered in October 16, 1862.
Town Bounty.
Robert H. French, Company G; died in service………… $200.00
George W. Boynton, Company G; died in service Au-
gust 13, 1863………………………………………... 200.00
William P. Mudge, Company G; served nine months….. 200.00
_______ $600.00


282 HISTORY OF HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.

NEW HAMPSHIRE CAVALRY REGIMENT.
Mustered in March, 1864.
Town Bounty.
Charles J. Parker; served three months…………………. $50.00
_______
Whole amount paid from town treasury for thirty-nine
Volunteers to September 1, 1863…………………… $3,150.00
L. R. Lougee, unaccounted for………………………….
George B. Moore, Company K…………………………
Daniel Way, Company K; severely wounded June 13,
1864; died at Fort Warren…………………………..
Samuel A. Stark, enlisted March 16, 1865, for one
year…………………………………………………. $500.00

FIRST NEW HAMPSHIRE BATTERY
Mustered in September 26, 1861.
Town Bounty.
Silas Holbrook, wounded severely December, 1863, dis-
charged for disability December 14, 1864………….
Albert R. Holbrook, killed at Petersburg, Va., July,
1864…………………………………………………
John Lord, wounded; transferred to V. R. Corps……….
John A. Patten, enlisted March 21, 1865, for one year… $500.00
Edward H. Patten, enlisted March 21, 1865, for one
year………………………………………………… 500.00
_______ $1000.00
________
$1500.00

DRAFTED MEN WHO FURNISHED SUBSTITUTES.
Mustered in September 1, 1863.
Individual Bounty. Town Bounty.
Gilman H. Moore…………..$140.00 $ 300.00
Walter I. Bachelder…..…….. 125.00 300.00
Roger H. Vose……….....……. 175.00 300.00
Freeman R. French…..……… 115.00 300.00
Leonard J. Brown……..……. 200.00 300.00
Charles H. Kendall……..…... 175.00 300.00
Levi J. Woodbury…………… 200.00 300.00
George Whitford……………. 150.00 300.00
Farnham Jenkins……………. 140.00 300.00
David R. Barnard……………… 175.00 300.00
Clinton French………………… 170.00 300.00
Horace S. Campbell………… 155.00 300.00
George B. Shattuck………… 140.00 300.00
John G. Vose…………………. 175.00 300.00
Walter Gage………………….. 115.00 300.00
Joseph G. Holbrook……….. 175.00 300.00
Charles H. Sargent…………… 175.00 300.00
John H. Lord, in person… 175.00 300.00
________ $2875.00 _______ $5400.00
Individual bounty added. 2875.00
________
$9875.00

VOLUNTEERS FURNISHED BY TOWN OF BEDFORD.

Under the call of October 17, 1863. The town cashed the United
States bounty of $300.00.

Town Bounty. U.S. Bounty.
William Jones…………………….. $ 150.00 $300.00
Edwin Burns, deserted January 13
1864………………………….. 145.00 300.00
Charles Prescott………………….. 151.00 300.00
Charles Jager…………………….. 265.00 300.00
George E. Yates…………………. 265.00 300.00
George S. Allen…………………. 198.00 300.00
John Neilson…………………….. 265.00 300.00
Charles Peterson………………… 265.00 300.00
Samuel Collard, veteran………… 275.00 300.00
Peter Dailey, died of wounds June
19, 1864…………………….. 220.00 300.00
James Cuedy……………………. 225.00 300.00
W. P. Mudge, V. R. C………….. 25.00 ______ $3300.00
George W. Cutler………………. 34.00
Larkin Sargent…………………. 136.00
______ $2619.00 2619.00
_________
$15,694.00
Average cost, $422 each.

RE-ENLISTED VETERANS. - THIRD REGIMENT.
Mustered in February, 1864.
Town Bounty.
Corporal John A. Armstrong, Company K; re-enlisted
February 12, 1864; killed at Drury's Bluff, May
13, 1864…………………………………………… $200.00
Sergeant George Way, Company K; re-enlisted Febru-
ary 12, 1864; wounded August 16, 1864…………. 200.00
Corwin J. Parker re-enlisted February 25, 1864……… ______ $600.00

FOURTH REGIMENT.
Town Bounty.
Lieutenant John Fullerton, Company K; re-enlisted
February 15, 1864………………………………… $200.00
Sergeant John P. Hodgman, Company K; re-enlisted
February 15, 1864………………………………… 200.00
_______ $400.00

SEVENTH REGIMENT.
Town Bounty.
John R. Young, Company I; re-enlisted February 27,
1864……………………………………………… $200.00
Onslow F. McPherson, Company I; re-enlisted Febru-
ary 27, 1864; deserted May 24, 1864……………. 200.00
_______ $400.00
________
$1400.00

SHARPSHOOTERS.
Mustered in March, 1864.
Town Bounty.
George Blood, Company G………………………….
Warren T. Hackett, Company G; died of wounds June
12, 1864………………………………………….

HEAVY ARTILLERY REGIMENT (One Year).
Mustered in September 2, 1864.
Town Bounty.
Corporal Herbert R. Fulton, Third Company……….. $ 300.00
Charles M. Bowman, Third Company……………… 300.00
William Smith, Third Company……………………. 300.00
Walter M. Smith, Third Company………………….. 300.00
Ferdinaner Reuiter, Third Company………………... 300.00
Charles O. Townsend, Third Company; died of
disease at Fort Williams, November 21, 1864….. 300.00
Eben Foss, Third Company; non-resident…………. 300.00

Mustered in September 17, 1864.
Sergeant Austin C. French, Tenth Company………. 300.00
Wiggin T. Abbott, Tenth Company………………... 300.00
Gilman T. Moore, Tenth Regiment………………... 300.00
_______ $3000.00

SUBSTITUTES FURNISHED BY ENROLLED MEN.
Mustered in March, 1865.

Individual Town
Bounty. Bounty.
Horace Holbrook, one for three years… $200.00 $300.00
Enoch F. Gage, one for three years…… 200.00 300.00
_______ $400.00_______ $600.00
Individual Bounty added…………. 400.00

EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT.
Mustered in March, 1864.
Herman Schnider, one year………….. 300.00
________
$1300.00

UNITED STATES NAVY (Not credited on enrollment).
Josiah G. Woodbury, A. A. paymaster U. S. Navy; killed on board
monitor "Catskill," August 19, 1864, by a shot from Fort Wagner,
while bombarding Charleston, S. C.; his remains were brought to
Bedford and interred with Masonic honors......................................
Hugh R. Barnard, clerk monitor "Catskill."…………………………...
Silas A. Riddle, clerk, U. S. steamers "Calhoun" and "Carrabossett."..
Capt. T. J. Rollins, acting master steamer "Saco" (credited on
enrollment)………………………………………………………... $ 300.00
__________
$21,694.00


BEDFORD 283

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT.
W. W. Wilkins, assistant surgeon Tenth New Hampshire
Regiment………………………………………………………...
George E. Woodbury, assistant surgeon First D. C. Volunteers…….

NUMBER OF SOLDIERS FURNISHED FROM BEDFORD.

40 men in First, Second, Third, Fourth, Seventh and Eighth
Regiments, Navy and Medical Departments, received
no town bounty………………………………………………….
42 men in Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh, Fourteenth, Fifteenth and
Sixteenth, and Cavalry Regiments, received town bounty of….. $3150.00
___
82 men volunteered prior to September 1, 1863.
60 men furnished under calls of President since September 1,
1863, who have received from the town of Bedford, and from
principals who have furnished twenty substitutes…………….. $21,694.00
__________
142 men. 24,844.00
217.63
__________
Expenses of enlisting paid from town treasury…………………..1 $25,061.63

AGGREGATE BOUNTIES AND EXPENSES.

Paid by town of Bedford and twenty individuals since September 1, 1863, for sixty soldiers, and cost returned to provost-marshal, September 1, 1865.

Individual Town
Call. Expenses. Bounty. Bounty.

July 3. 18 drafted men……. $2875.00 $5400.00
Oct. 14. 14 volunteers……... $143.93 5919.00
1864. 7 re-enlisted……….
Feb. 1. 4 enlisted-11 men.... 137.80 1650.00
July 18. 10 men, H Artillery.. 126.00 3000.00
2 substitutes, Holbrook
and Gage………… 400.00 600.00
1 navy, Captain Rollins 300.00
Dec. 17. 4 men, one year……. 25.00 1800.00
___ _______ ________ __________
60 men $432.73 $3275.00 $18,669.00
Individual bounty………………….. 3275.00
Expenses…………………………... 432.73
__________
$22,376.73

EXPENSES OF ENLISTING ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-TWO
SOLDIERS.

For the town of Bedford during the war, and the amount of cash paid out of the town treasury:
March, 1863. Paid George W. Riddle for services enlisting thirty-
seven volunteers, in Tenth, Eleventh, Fifteenth and Sixteenth
Regiments, and for cash paid out, $8.00………… $22.00
Received of United States for enlistment fees on
eleven men……………………………….$165.00

1 This includes $3300.00 U.S. bounty cashed by town October, 1863, and $3275.00 individual bounties for substitutes, making a total of $6575.00.
19

Oct. George W. Riddle, twenty-one days.. $42.00
Cash expenses……………… 35.08
R. Fulton, twelve days……………... 24.00
Cash expenses……………... 28.25
L. C. French (2d), four days………. 8.00
Cash expenses…………….. 6.60
_______ $143.93
_______
Balance…………… $21.17
1864. Dr.

March. Cash paid G. B. Moore…………… $40.00
T. W. Moore, Jr., expenses
paid out…………… 7.40
Hackett, Way and Blood,
and expense enlisting 27.60
George W. Riddle, services
reducing quota, en-
listing twelve men,
getting credits, State
bounties, etc., seventeen
days……………….. 34.00
Cash paid, expenses, see bill 33.50
______ $142.50
Cr.
Cash balance on hand…………………….. $21.17
Received of U. S., enlistment fees
of Moore, Blood, Way and
Hackett……………………………. 70.00
________ $91.17
Balance paid from town treasury, 1865…... _______ $51.33
Total expense paid from town treasury for
Reduction of quota and enlisting ______
sixty-three men, to July 1, 1864….. $73.33

Aug. 1864.
Expense of enlisting ten men, heavy artillery:

L. B. Bowman's bill ………………………………… $63.91
D. G. Atwood's " ……………………………………… 38.82
S. A. Shepherd's " …………………………………… 23.87
______ $126.60

March. 1865.

Expense of enlisting four men:

George W. Riddle, four days…………………………. $8.00
Cash expenses………………… ……………………………… 9.70
______ $17.70
_______
Total…………………………………… $217.63

BOUNTIES AND EXPENSES PAID BY ADJOINING TOWNS.

Av'rage cost Av'rage
No. of of enlistm't bounty

Town

men.

Bounties.

Expenses.

per man.

per man.

Amherst

153

$20,500.00

$371.22

$2.42

$135.00

Merrimack

132

35,145.00

1,339.00

13.39

266.00

Goffstown

157

36,795.00

492.00

3.13

234.00

Weare

186

66,895.00

1,295.00

6.96

359.00

Bedford

142

219,486.00

217.00

1.53

137.00


2 Exclusive of U. S. and individual bounties.

Return to Chapter 1 Chapter 2

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