FLOYD, named in honor of Gen. Wm. Floyd, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was formed from
Steuben, March 4, 1796. It lies in the interior of the County, east of the center. Its surface is rolling, rising
gradually towards the north border, where it attains an elevation of 200 to 300 feet above the valley of the Mohawk.
Nine Mile Creek flows through the south-east part. This creek was called by the Indians Te-ya-nun-sak, meaning
"a beech tree standing." The soil is good and well adapted to grain and grass.
Floyd Corners, (Floyd p. o.) in the southern part of the town, contains a church, a school, a hotel, two stores,
a pump manufactory and about twenty houses.
The first settlement was made about the year 1790, by Capt. Benjamin Pike. Soon after, Stephen Moulton, Jr., William
and Nathaniel Allen, and James Chase arrived. Other early settlers were Elisha Lake, Mr. Howard, Hope Smith, David
Bryan, Samuel Denison, James Bartlett, Jarvis Pike, Capt. Nathan Townsend, Thomas Bacon and Mr. Putnam; most of
them were from Connecticut. Stephen Moulton, Sen., and four other sons moved into the town within a few years after
its first settlement. They were from Stafford, Conn., and among the staunchest Whigs during the Revolution, and
sacrificed much in the cause of the country. Salmon Moulton was taken prisoner on Long Island and confined in the
"Sugar House," where he suffered all the horrors of that notorious prison, only equaled by the sufferings
of our brave boys at "Libby," Salisbury and other rebel prisons.
At the first town meeting Stephen Moulton, Sen., was chosen Supervisor, and Moses Coffeen, Town Clerk. The first
death in the town was that of Mr. Foster, the second that of Nathan Thompson, who was killed by the fall of a tree.
Captain Benjamin Pike kept the first inn, and was succeeded by Moses Coffeen. The first mill in Floyd was erected
on Nine Mile Creek at a place called the "Punch Bowl."
Rev. John Taylor, a Missionary, sent out by the Hampshire County Massachusetts Missionary Society, in 1802, made
a tour through the country from Albany to the Black River country. From his Journal we copy the following respecting
August 2nd. Started for Floyd, rode 11 miles to a Capt. Rice's. Preached in the evening. I know not what remarks
to make upon the inhabitants of this town; a half a dozen excepted, they seem to be the fag-end of man in disorder
and confusion of all kinds. The Baptists have some regularity, but the Methodists are producing the scenes which
are transpiring in Kentucky. Women here, Methodists, pray in their families instead of ye men, and with such strength
of lungs as to be distinctly heard by their neighbors. I had almost as many nations, sects and religions present
to hear me preach as Peter had on the day of Pentecost. In this town there is an excellent character, Esq. Dier;
he tells me that Clinton has given commissions to five men for Justices, in this place, one of whom is a renegade
Irishman, without character and without prayer, and another has .no bible in his house. In fact, this is a most
miserable place, as to inhabitants. The land is good, too good for such inhabitants." Mr. Taylor saw everything
through the glasses of a Massachusetts Congregationalist.
The population in 1865 was 1,227, and its area 20,549 acres.
The town contains nine school districts, employing the same number of teachers. The whole number of pupils is 353,
the average attendance, 111, and the amount expended for school purpose during the year ending September 30th,
1868, was $1,554.16.