History of Kendall, NY
FROM: Gazetteer and Business Directory
OF Orleans County, N. Y. For 1869.
Compiled and Published By Hamilton Child, Syracuse, NY 1862

KENDALL, named in honor of Amos Kendall, Postmaster General, was taken from Murray, April '7, 1837. It is situated upon the lake shore, in the east part of the County, and is crossed by Bald Eagle Creek, near the center, and Sandy Creek in the south-east part. Near the mouth of Bald Eagle Creek, the lake has encroached upon the land to some extent, and whole fields have been washed away. The surface is level and the soil for the most part is a sandy loam, with a strip of clay across the south part. There are several salt springs in the town.

Kendall, (p. v.,) situated about a mile east of the center of the town, contains four churches, viz., Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian and Universalist; a school house, three stores, a number of mechanic shops of various kinds and about 200 inhabitants. A Lodge of Good Templars was organized in February, 1868, and is now in a very flourishing condition, numbering about one hundred members.

West Kendall, (p. v.,) situated about a mile west of the center, contains a Methodist church, a wagon shop, a blacksmith shop, a grocery and about fifteen dwellings.

Kendall Mills (p. v.,) is in the south-east part, partly in Union, Monroe County.

East Kendall is a post office near the center of the east border.

The first settlement was commenced in 1812, by Samuel Bates, from Chittenden County, Vermont. Benjamin Morse, Alvin Manly, Amos Randall, David Jones and Nathaniel Brown, located in the town in 1815. Mr. Morse located on lot 122, and still resides upon the same farm, at the age of eighty-two years.

Mr. Manly came from Massachusetts with three others, and, after remaining awhile, returned to his native State. In February, 1818, with his brother, Mr. Twitchell and Nathaniel Brown, with their families, he started with three yoke of oxen and a covered wagon for this new settlement. Their journey over mountains, covered with ice and snow, and across rivers unbridged, was performed in twenty-two days. It is not easy for us at this day, who can travel the same distance in as many hours, in good warm cars, to realize the hardships endured. On their arrival they moved into a little shanty and called it home. Potatoes were $1.00 a bushel, wheat $2.50 and pork twenty-five cents a pound, with no money in circulation.

Felix Auger was from Vermont, and settled on lot 144, and Amos Randall, from the same State, located on lot 123. Rev. Stephen Randall, from Williston, Vt., located on lot 135 in 1816, and conducted the first religious services held in the town. Ansel and George Balcom located on lot 159 in 1816; Reuben Rablee and Osmon Spicer located on lot 119, the former in 1819 and the latter in 1822. Robert, Caleb and James M. Clark formed a settlement in 1816, which was called Clark's Settlement. John H. Thomas settled on lot 107 in 1818, and Alanson Soule, from Greene County, on lot 47, the same year.

The first birth was that of Bartlett B. Morse, in Nov., 1815; the first marriage was that of James Aiken and Esther A. Bates, March 2, 1817; and the first death that of a son of George Balcom, in 1816. The first store was kept by Hiram Thompson in 1823, and the first inn by Lyman Spicer the same year. The first saw mill was built by Ammon Auger and Ebenezer Boyden, in 1819, and the first school was taught by Gerdon Balcom the same year.

David Jones located on lot 145 in 1815. He was from Wales; came to America in 1801 and settled in New Jersey, where he remained until 1808, when he removed to Ontario County. John Farnsworth took up lot 130, in 1815; he was from Franklin County, Vermont. In 1816 Stephen Bliss and James Weed came in; the former settled on lot 129 and the latter on lot 117. Ethan Graham settled on lot 33 in 1817. Zebulon Rice came from Windsor County, Vermont, and located on lot 68 in December, 1815.

Robert Clark came with his father, William Clark, in 1817, and located at Clark's Settlement, where three brothers of his father had previously settled. He says:

"When my father arrived there was not a pound of flour or pork in the Settlement except what he brought with him, and the next day the pork, flour and whisky were divided among the neighbors. One reason for the entire destitution among the settlers was the anticipation of my father's arrival, for they all knew that he would. bring a temporary supply. The settlers in anticipation of our arrival had peeled elm bark, in the month of June previous, sufficient for the roof of a house, and on our arrival they commenced cutting logs for a house and cleared a spot large enough to set it, and in a few days it was raised and finished in pioneer style."

The floor of this cabin was of split basswood, hewn on one side, as was the custom in those days. It covered about two-thirds the surface, the remainder was for fire-place and hearth. The door was a bed blanket and the light came through the cracks between the logs, thus doing away with the necessity of windows. An open place in the roof let out the smoke, and the fire-place occupied the entire end of the house; the hearth was the earth. Soon after a door was made and temporary windows. The cracks were filled and plastered on the outside with mud. Provisions gave out again and t.he unripe wheat was hulled and eaten in milk. The gun secured a little venison, which was a luxury in the way of meat. When the wheat was harvested it must be carried to Rochester to mill. The following account is in his own language:

"I started with a team (oxen of course) with a grist of about twelve bushels, which was all the oxen could draw with the necessary fodder and my own provisions. I staid at Murray Four Corners (now Olarkson) the first night, and the next day, a little before night, I arrived in Rochester, chained the oxen to the wagon and fed them for the night. I slept in the mill, upon the bags, until the grist was ground, about daylight. After feeding my team and eating my venison, I started for home, which I reached about sundown the third day out. The next morning I guess all the neighbors had short-cake for breakfast."

This sketch gives an idea of the hardships and privations of the pioneers generally of this region.

The population of Kendall in 1865 was 1,873, and its area 20,306 acres.

The number of school districts in which there are school houses in this town is ten, employing eleven teachers; the number of children of school age is 491; number attending school, 381; average attendance, 171; amount expended for school purposes the last year was $2,585.33.

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