TOWN OF PUTNAM VALLEY.
THIS town lies wholly in the Highlands; and, like the greater part of Philipstown, from which it was taken,
is rough and mountainous. Iron ore is found here in abundance, but its distance from the river, and the absence
of easy facilities, will prevent, for some time to come, attempts to unlock its mountain repositories. The valleys,
Canopus and Peekskill Hollows, are rich, fertile, and well cultivated. They stretch, like a pair of garters, through
the entire length of the town from north to south. It is centrally distant about twelve miles west of Carmel. Its
population in 1840 was 1,659: and in 1845, 1,598. Having treated of its early settlement under the head of Philipstown,
and delineated its geological features in the article Geology, there remains but little to be added.
Oregon.— A small village, about three miles east of Annsville, near the Westchester line. The Peekskill
Hollow Creek and the out-let of the Horton Pond meet at this village, and form one stream.
Crofts.— A few houses in Canopus Hollow. A store and tavern were kept here; the latter has been discontinued.
It was formerly called Sodom.
Tompkins’s Corners.— A few houses at the intersection of the old Wickopee and Peekskill Hollow road.
Hempstead Huts.— These buildings are revolutionary relics, and are located on the farm of Harry Gillet.
A detachment of the troops of the Massachusetts Line, with a company or two from Hempstead, Long Island, occupied
them in the winter of 1780; which accounts for the name. The chimneys still remain, but the huts have been burnt
Canopus Hull.— An eminence in the south-west part of the town, on the farm of Meeks, Esq. It is named in
honor of an Indian Chief.
Tinker Hill.— T his hill is about three miles northeast of Canopus Hill, and is owned, partly, by John Odle,
Esq. About fifty years ago an old Englishman lived on it, named Cornelius Rick, who went about tinkering, or doing
a little at every trade; and hence the name.
Ponds.— There are nine ponds in this town, some of them of more than ordinary size. The largest is the
Horton Pond.— It is located in the centre of the town, and contains excellent Bass and Pickerel, some of
the latter weighing six and seven pounds. It is bounded by the lands of Lee Horton, Abijah Lee, Charity Smith,
Wesley Christian. Solomon Baxter, Daniel Barger, Joseph Strang, and Henry Mead; and is about 1 & 3/4 of a mile
in length and 1 in breadth. It is named after the Horton family who formerly owned all the land adjacent to it.
Solpeu Pond.— This pond lies in the west part of the town, about one mile from the Horton Pond; and was
named after a person of that name who lived in its vicinity. It is about a mile in length, and half a mile in breadth.
Like the Horton Pond, it contains excellent Bass and Pickerel. It is circumscribed by the lands of Mrs. Ann Horton,
William Jerry, James Like]y, and William Denny.
Barger’s Pond.— This sheet of water is in the south-east part of the town, about three-fourths of a mile
in length, and one-fourth in breadth. It takes its name from the Barger family, who have long resided in the neighborhood
of the pond.
Bryant’s Pond.— This pond is next in size; and is situated in the east part of the town, about threefourths
of a mile north of Barger’s Pond. It is half a mile in length, nearly that distance in breadth, and is named after
Muddy Pond.— This body of water lies about half a mile north of the Horton Pond, is nearly half a mile in
length and one-fourth in breadth, and is called from the muddy appearance of its water.
Clear Pond.— This beautiful sheet of water does not belie its name; for a more pellucid body of water
is not found in Putnam County, or in any other. It is in the north part of the town, has no inlet, is formed by
springs, and clear as crystal. It is about half a mile long, nearly that distance in width; runs south into the
Muddy Pond, which empties into the Horton Pond, which, in turn, empties into the Creek at Annsville, just south
of the Putnam and Westchester line. Those who live near it, and are familiar with its water, assert, that a person
can see twenty feet, or more, into it.
Jonathan Owen’s Pond.— A handsome sheet of water about half a mile long and one-fourth of a mile broad,
in the most southern part of the town, and nearly one-fourth of a mile from the Westchester line. It runs into
the creek at Annsville above-mentioned. The name explains itself.
Cranberry Pond.— This is the smallest pond in this town, and is situated about half a mile north of Owen’s
Pond. It is about one-fourth of a mile in length and forty rods in breadth; and located on the land formerly owned
by Philemon Smith. Immense quantities of Cranberries grow upon the low grounds skirting it, and hence the name.
Cran is saxon; and berry is derived from the Saxon word beria. Compounded, it means a berry that grows on a slender,
bending stalk; also called moss-berry, or moor-berry, as it grows only on peat-bogs or swampy land.
Pelton’s Pond.— A small body of water lying north of the Clear Pond, located in the north part of the town,
one-fourth of a mile long and about one-eighth in breadth. It takes its name from a man who worked an ore-bed near
it, and empties into the stream running to Annsville.
Peekskill Hollow Creek.— A small stream rising from a spring just south of Stiliman Boyd’s, in the town
of Kent, running the entire length of the Hollow, and falling into the outlet of the Horton Pond. On this stream
are the following mills, viz.: Herman Adams’s saw mill; John Post’s saw and grist mill; Pratt’s trip-hammer, turning-lathe,
and whip-saw works; Thomas Winter’s grist mill, and John Sillick’s saw mill; and the wire factory belonging to
Joseph Strang & Co.
Canopus Hollow Creek.— This stream rises near the second Gate on the Cold Spring turnpike, runs through
the Sunk Lot, and falls into the stream at Annsville, near Peekskill, Westchester County. On it are Bunnell’s Forge
and saw mill; a saw mill formerly owned by John Horton, and Mowyat’s paper mill.
A man named Robert Oakley, who was a staunch Whig, while his brothers were rank Tories, lived, during the Revolution,
just above the residence of Doctor Jchn Tompkins, on the Wickapee road. His brothers gave information to the infamous
Cunningham, the provost marshal of the city of New York, concerning his opposition to the British cause, who sent
a band of Tories to waylay and shoot him. Oakley had been absent from his house, and returned a little before sunset
in the fall of the year previous to the hard winter, which, we believe, was in 1780. They concealed themselves
near his house, and no sooner had he dismounted, than they shot him.
Thomas Richards, who also lived in this town, and was a turner of wooden dishes by trade, was taken as a rebel,
and carried down to the Sugar House in New York. His wife was left at home, and the hard winter coming on, the
snow covered his lowly cabin, preventing ingress or egress by the door. His wife, having first used up a]l the
fuel inside, with the ax broke a hole through the roof, got out and cut the large limbs down, which hung over the
small hut, which she threw down into the garret for present and future use. Her stock of provisions soon became
exhausted; and their cow, which had been kept in the work-shop, died. This lone woman, without a human being for
her companion, and confined in her prison of snow, was forced to eat the dead body of her cow; and when that was
gone, she lived on a little shelled corn that was left in the garret, making use of some filthy, dirty brine, in
the bottom of an old pork barrel, to season it with. In this manner she made out to live through the winter. A
grandson of Richards, we are informed, is now living in Fishkill, Dutchess County. Such iron energy and indomitable
courage, when called upon to battle with cold, hunger, and thirst, in a dreary solitude, would be found but rarely,
if at all, at the present day. The human heart shudders in contemplating the possibility of such a