History of Haverstraw, NY (Part 1)
From: History of Rockland County
By: Frank Bertangue Green, M. D.
Published by: A. S. Barnes & Co., New York 1886

THE TOWN OF HAVERSTRAW.

It is claimed that the name of Haverstraw appears on a map found among the Dutch archives in Amsterdam, supposed to have been made about 1616. It may be so. We know that Hudson sailed up the river seven years before; that Adrian Block first built on the site of the present New York City two years before; and that the permanent settlement occurred ten years later, in 1626, and it may be somewhat of a tax on human credulity to believe, that at that date a map was made of a wilderness in which one place is located as "the Haverstroo" or "Haverstroo," still such a thing is not impossible.

The first mention I find of the name is in the map of New Netherland, by A. Vanderdonck, made in 1656, and it is there spoken of as Haverstroo." In June 1658, occurs the second mention of the name, that I have found, in Stuyvesant's Journal of his visit to Esopus; "that the murder had not been committed by one of their tribe, but by a Newesink Savage, who was now living at- Haverstroo, or about there;" again in 166o and 1664, the name occurs and after that is frequently used. It is doubtless true that this name was given to the place on account of the wild oats which grew along the river banks.

From 1686 till 1719, the present town of Haverstraw was included in the laws, taxes and militia duties of Orangetown. But that valley was increasing so rapidly in population, the distance was so great and the trail so poor between it and Tappan, that the inhabitants petitioned for separate existence and on June 24th, 1719, the following act was passed:

" An Act to enable the Precincts of Haverstraw in the County of Orange, to chuse a Supervisor, a Collector, two Assessors, one Constable, and two Overseers of Highways. * * * *

WHEREAS, Several principal Freeholders and Inhabitants of Haverstraw, in the County of Orange, in Behalf of themselves and others, have by their Petitions to the General Assembly, prayed they may be enabled to elect one Supervisor, one Collector, two Assessors, one Constable and two Overseers of the Highways, by Reason of their great Distance from Tappan, in the said County.

Be it therefore enacted, by his Excellency the Governor, Council, and General Assembly, and by the authority of the same; That from and after the publication of this Act, it shall and may be lawful for the Inhabitants of the Districts and Precincts of Haverstraw, in the County of Orange, from the Northernmost bounds of Tappan, to the northernmost bounds of Haverstraw, and they are hereby required and impowered to assemble and meet together, at the most Convenient place in the said Districts, and Precincts, on the first Tuesday in April, annually, and then by a plurality of voices to elect and chuse among them one Supervisor, one Collector, two Assessors, one Constable, and two Overseers of the Highways, and the said Officers so chosen shall be of the Principall Inhabitants and freeholders, within the Districts above said, and also be invested with all the Powers, and be obliged to such Services and Duties as all other and like officers in the County of Orange, afore said, are impowered and obliged to do.

And the Assessors and Supervisor so chosen shall act in Conjunction with the rest of the like officers in the said County when and as often as occasion shall require, anything to the Contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding."

In accordance with this Act the inhabitants of Haverstraw proceeded to hold their first town meeting and elect their town officers.

The Orangetown patent bounded the town within circumscribed limits, but the erection of the Haverstraw precinct gave a practically unlimited area to the jurisdiction of the new town's officers. The present townships of Clarks, Ramapo and Stony Point were all included under the name of Haverstraw, and the town possessed in 1790, 85,720 acres, about six times the area of Orangetown.

As in the case of Orangetown, no separate census existed for Haverstraw before 1738, when 654 people were resident within its limits. Between that date and 1790, the next census, the Pond patent, Kakiat, Scotland and Ramapo Clove had been largely settled and the population had increased to 4,826. The separation of the present towns of Clarks and Ramapo in 1791, brought the population of Haverstraw proper down to more moderate figures In 1738, Haverstraw had 654 inhabitants.

In 1738

Haverstraw had

654

inhabitants

In 1790,

Haverstraw had

4826

inhabitants

In 1800,

Haverstraw had

1229

inhabitants

In 1810,

Haverstraw had

1865

inhabitants

In 1820,

Haverstraw had

2700

inhabitants

In 1825,

State Census

2026

inhabitants

In 1835

Haverstraw had

2865

inhabitants

In 1845

Haverstraw had

4806

inhabitants

In 1855

Haverstraw had

6747

inhabitants

In 1865

Haverstraw had

4113

inhabitants

In 1870

U. S. Census

6412

inhabitants

In 1880

Haverstraw had

7022

inhabitants

The same remark conthe figures census of 1820, holds true in the case of Haverstraw as of the other towns. The change of the'figures in 1865, is due to the separation of the town of Stony Point from her territory in the early part of that year.

HAVERSTRAW VILLAGE.

As we have seen in Chapter II, the earliest grant of land in the County was to Balthazar De Harte in 1666, and reads: "Al tract of nd ing on the weste of Hudson's river called Haverstraw, being the north side of the hills called Verdrietig Hook, on the south side of the Highlands, on the east side of the mountains, so as the same is bounded by Hudson's river and round about by high mountains." In Chapter III, I have spoken of the early transfers of land in the patent, and stated the names of the original owners of the property on which the village now stands.

The first road in Haverstraw was the continuation of the King's high way, which connected the early settlers with their neighbors in Tappan-town. This was soon followed, as the influx of settlers from Long Island to Kakiat began, by a road from the river to the new Hempstead, a road which was later continued on to Sidman's Pass and down to Tappan and became the military road of the Revolution. Scarcely had these lines of communication been cut through, however, when the opening of Hassenclever mine and the erection of iron works along Florus Falls Creek, led to the construction of a road from the King's highway along the creek and Stony brook to the mine.

Already I have made mention of the dock where Andre is supposed to have landed in Haverstraw, and of that built by Edw. W. Kiers near the outlet of the Short Clove before the Revolution-this latter dock is now owned by Felix McCabe.

About 1812, John Allison ran out a dock in front of his property, a little north of the present steamboat landing; DeNoyelles built a dock on his land nearly opposite the end of South street, and Captain John Felter built still a third landing near the foot of Main street. For many years DeNoyelles' landing was the most public one, and from it the steamboats ran in early days, thus giving it the name, by which it is still known among the older people, of the lower steamboat landing.

As in the case of Tappan Landing and Nyack, Haverstraw had its early market sloops, which amply sufficed to carry to the city the settler's surplus products and bring back the few luxuries they wished. Until the advent of the steamboat, these sailing vessels were the only means of communication by water, and the few travellers of those early days found them both rapid and comfortable enough. The price of passage was a "York" shilling; the time made depended, in great measure, on the direction and force of the wind and tide, though some of the vessels were furnished with sweeps, and, if becalmed, both passengers and crew were expected to work their passage down. It is said that more than once vessels have been propelled the entire distance in this manner.

While the entrance of steamboats upon the route made terribly sad havoc with the sloop owners' profits, the market vessels were still continued. The first steamboats, landing at Grassy Point, were too distant to be a serious injury, and even when the Rockland came, and, later, the Warren was built, these relics of an earlier age remained. I append an advertisement.

"Market Sloop. Haverstraw and New York. The subscribers will run for the season the new and fast sailing Sloop Sarah Francis, leaving the Dock of Abraham Jones, formerly J. Felter's, every Tuesday at 2 o'clock, P. M., and New York every Friday at 3 o'clock, P. M.

N. B. - All kinds of freight and produce taken on reasonable terms. The boat will run as soon as the ice will permit.
H. & W. R. KNAPP."
Haverstraw, February 22d, 1849.

Besides these market sloops, one, the J. G. Pierson, was built for the purpose of carrying the products of the Ramapo Iron Works to the city. From the factories, the goods were brought to the Haverstraw Landing in huge wagons, drawn by six mule teams. I have shown the causes which led to the withdrawal of this business from Haverstraw.

This village did not begin its growth as early as either Ramapo or Nyack, but for many years, until the discovery of James Wood revolutionized brick making, remained a country hamlet. In 1855, Jacob Wan-dell wrote in a letter to his sister Catherine Van Houten, the following description of the present village, at the close of the last century:

"My father removed from Tappan Sloat to Haverstraw in the year 1794. There was no village there then, only one house. Captain Shepherd bought the field where the village is built, of Joseph Allison, for £10 ($25), an acre. When he moved there, it was sown with rye. The river bank was the handsomest I ever saw. From Grassy Point down to where James Wood first set a brick- yard, (this was on the river bank directly opposite the burying ground of the De Noyelles family), was a beautiful row of large chestnuts and oak trees, growing all along the banks. It was a beautiful walk."

Of that high river bank, the De Noyelles burying ground, still remaining on the top of a high hill, surrounded with clay pits, and viewed by brick makers with anxious eyes, is the only relic left. I have already spoken of the early transfers of land in the present Haverstraw village, until it became the property of Allison and De Noyelles. In 1792, Joseph Allison sold to Thomas Smith and John Shepherd the land bounded by the Present Broadway, West street, South street and Hudson River. In his will, Joseph Allison left to his wife, Elsie, the portion of his real estate lying between the present Broad and Main streets, and on the west side of Broadway, all the land between West Side avenue, (the road leading to the cemetery), and that part of Broad street which is west of Broadway.

Thomas Smith, who was the patriot brother of Joshua Hett Smith, previously mentioned, built a house where the United States Hotel now stands. This was the first house built on the lot, and was two stories in height, with a flight of stairs outside leading to the second story. It was burned early in this century. Smith died in November, 1795. In 1803, this lot was surveyed and divided into house lots by Teunis Smith, of Nyack.

A street, now called Middle street, was run through the centre of the property from east to west, and numbered streets, beginning with First street, next the river front, were run across this. The price of a lot on the present Front street was $50. Before the beginning of the century, a lot on this property had been given for the Methodist church, and a house of worship was erected in 1800.

From a letter signed "Epsilon," written for the Rockland County News, November Toth, 1846, we get the following description of Haver-straw village in early days: "The farm of Thomas Smith covered the village before it was laid out in 1803. In 1804, there were only four houses in the place - Mrs. Green's, a short distance above Mr. Prall's; an old house on Martlin's corner, kept as a tavern and store; a small old house on the corner near Mrs. Martha De Noyelles, kept as a tavern; Judge De Noyelles' below J. S. Gurnee's. Only four buildings existed between the Hudson and the present Garner's factory." I may quote still further from "Epsilon," and give his description of the village in 1846, in this connection. "Now, there are three hundred dwellings in Haverstraw, including Samsondale and Gamerville, beside factories. There are five churches, two being built, one academy, twelve stores, one printing office, four clergymen, four physicians, one attorney. The amount of capital invested in Peck's iron and chemical works, Garner's calico, and Higgins' carpet factory, is $1,000,000. The annual product is $1,500,000. The number of hands employed is 1,000. There are 27 brick yards in operation, which employ 650 hands, and produce about 70,000,000 bricks a year."

By 1837, almost all the land between the present Main street and the neck of land known as the "Narrow Passage," was owned by George S. and Michael Allison. In that year, following the mania for real estate speculation then prevailing, these men had this tract surveyed and cut into building lots, and streets were run through and given the names, many of them still retain. The new village was called Warren, after the doctor General Joseph Warren, who was killed at Bunker Hill, and the development of the brick industry caused a rapid growth of the place.

The first store in Haverstraw was opened by George Smith, before 1815, and stood on the south corner of the present West Broad street and Broadway. Smith, it is said, charged so high a price for everything; that an opposition store was started by George S. Allison across Broadway. Liquor held a prominent place as a commodity at that time, New England rum seeming to be the favorite beverage. If we may judge from a remark I recently heard, that purchasers would produce a shilling and ask for "a penny worth of tobacco, a penny worth of sugar, and the rest in New England rum;" the business of those days was not in the nature of dry goods. The first hotel in Haverstraw was built on the spot where Thomas Smith's house had burned, and was kept by Samuel Johnson, as the Johnson Tavern. The present United States, built in 1852, stands on the same site. The American Hotel was preceded by the Temperance House, opened in 1848, by C. A. Rand and C. T. Mills. Where the saloon of Levi West stands on Main street, Abraham Van Tassel kept a tavern in 1819. It was here that the first meeting of the Free Masons was held in 1853. About 1820, De Noyelles and Gurnee opened a store at their dock, later, the steamboat dock. This was the principal store in the village at that time. Perhaps, although we have read "Epsilon's" letter, a view of the village, which has changed so radically and rapidly, as seen by Rev. A. S. Freeman, D. D., in 1846, may be of interest.

Where the Central Presbyterian Church now stands was an open field and fields of grain stood between it and Main street. From the village to Grassy Point stretched a bautiful grove of pine trees, and back of Grassy Point Landing was a sloping bank with gardens and shade trees. Front street, now filled with handsome residences, had then a few inferior buildings. On the corner of Main and Front streets, on the site of the present United States Hotel, stood a dilapidated wooden tavern kept by J. Marting, and from that corner, up Main street, to the National Bank building, stood a row of wooden buildings, which were swept away by fire in 1850. Almost all the village north of Main street, including Rockland, Broad, Division, Clinton, was a farm. Near the present residence of Ira M. Hedges, was a little school house kept by D. B. Loomis, after he left the Academy. Later this site was occupied by the Warren Hotel. Opposite Felter Bros. bakery, where L. D. West's restaurant stands, was the blacksmith shop of Amos Allison. The present steamboat landing was not used as such till 1865, when it was rebuilt by D. D. & T. Smith.

Among the store keepers of those days were: Wm. R. Lane, hardware; J. F. Mills, who opened a book store and restaurant, and whose rhyming advertisements, together with those of his rival in business "Uncle Benny" Smith, who was located on Main street, can be found in the files of the Rockland County Messenger of those days. Dr. Charles Whipple opened the first regular drug store in the village but drugs had previously been sold by Mr. Sherwood. In 1848, this store was bought by S. C. Blauvelt, who still carries on the business. In 1847, the store keepers of Haverstraw, announced in the Messenger, that thenceforth business should only be done on a cash basis.

The brick industry, which has made Haverstraw, we have already considered. Another manufacturing interest developed by the brick industry I am now to mention. In 1848, Myron Ward and R. A. VerValen, opened the Warren Foundry immediately south of the steamboat dock for the manufacture of stoves and ploughs. Upon the invention of the Automatic Brick Machine by VerValen, in 1852, their manufacture was begun in the foundry and has been continued till the present time. This industry employs from twenty to forty men. Myron Ward left the business in 1851.

The first school house in this village, built in 181o, stood opposite the site of the present M. E. Church. The first teacher was a young Irishman named Quinn. While Quinn was teaching the "young idea how to shoot," Cupid shot, and the pedagogue fell in love with and married one of his pupils, Eliza Wandell.

Whether such a startling, albeit romantic, termination to the course of education led the parents of that time to hesitate about sending their daughters to school or not, cannot now be answered; but certainly little further record of educational matters in Haverstraw exists till the year 1847.

In 1847, D. B. Loomis was principle of the public school. He resigned later and took charge of a school held in part of an old house, which stood near the present residence of I. M. Hedges. Loomis was followed at the Academy by I. I. Foot, Sheldon, Rev. S. W. St. John, George Secor, L. Wilson, Austin, W. P. Fisher. In 1847, Mr. Sanford opened a boarding and day school, and with his literary work combined dancing lessons.

In 1852, H. M. Peck, Amos Briggs and others invited Lewis B. Hardcastle, at that time teaching in Nyack, to open a school of advanced grade in Haverstraw. Accepting the invitation, Hardcastle purchased the property now known as the Mountain Institute from Geo. E. De Noyelles and erected beside the house a two story school building. The Institute was opened Oct 31st, 1853. Among the corps of teachers at the beginning of the school were; C. M. Dodd, Mr. Jamieson, H. B. Millard, and Miss Mary Rutherford. Hardcastle continued the school till the fall of 1856, when he was succeeded by H. B. Millard, who kept it till the spring of 1857. L. H. Northrup assumed charge of the Institute May 4th, 1857, and continued till the fall of 1860. For some months the Institute remained closed. It at length was re-opened April 16th, 1861, under the present principle, Lavalette Wilson.

Up to 1854, Haverstraw was without fire apparatus of any sort; then the burning of Geo. De Noyelles' barn on the evening of Jan. 22d, roused the people to a recognition of their insecure condition. A meeting of the citizens was called at the ball room of the American Hotel on the evening of Jan. 28th, 1854, and the necessary funds for a Hook and Ladder truck subscribed. Rescue Hook and Ladder Co. was organized with Asbury De Noyelles, Foreman, and James Creney, Assistant Foreman. The company remained in existence till April, 1859, when it was compelled by financial difficulties to transfer its apparatus to the village authorities who assumed the liabilities. In August 1881, a Holloway's fire extinguisher was obtained and attached to Rescue Hook and Ladder Company. The first truck house was situated in the M. E. Church shed yard.

Warren No. I Engine Company, was organized May 15th, 1854, with G. S. Myers as Foreman, and obtained its hand engine in September, of that year. In 1881, the company was disbanded by the Board of Trustees, because of personal ill will among its members. On December 13th, 1881, Warren Company was re-organized with Fred. Glassing, Jr., Foreman; John Braham, Assistant Foreman.

Lady Warren, Steam Fire Engine Company, was organized in July, 1869, with James H. Fleming, Foreman. It was reorganized February 20th, 1871, and a steamer obtained; this engine was rebuilt in 1876. The engine house of the company stands on Division street.

Triumph Hose Company was organized September 11th, 1878, with Daniel De Groot, Foreman; John Bernhart, Assistant Foreman. By the act of 1859, a Chief and two Assistant Engineers of the Fire Department are elected. The first chief was Samuel A. Ver Valen. Besides the great fire of 1850, there have been few destructive conflagrations in the village. The distance between Haverstraw and the church grave yards at Tappan, Clarkesville, or Kakiat, rendered interments in local burial places a necessity. The Allison and DeNoyelles families located places of sepulture for the dead of their families on their farms. The earliest record in the DeNoyelles ground is that of John DeNoyelles, who died January 11th, 1775. The Waldron cemetery, situated by the side of the present "West Shore" Railroad, about half-way between Haverstraw station and Stony Point, was used as a general place of burial. The earliest record I have seen is that of Charlotte Ming, August loth, 1792. On the north side of the road from Haverstraw to Ramapo, opposite the residence of the heirs of David Burns, and about midway between Mead's and Felter's corners is a burial place, donated by Colonel David Burns to the public. The oldest stone found there is that which marks the resting place of Phebe Smith, April 19th, 1803. Besides these places of interment, the church yard at the present Garnerville, was opened in 1790; and many bodies were laid at rest on private farms.

At length, John S. Gurnee, John D. Gardner, John R. McKenzie, Isaiah Milburn, Lewis R. Mackey, Walter S. Johnson, Silas D. Gardner, Leonard Gurnee, and Asbury DeNoyelles purchased thirteen acres of land of Asbury DeNoyelles for $1,200 as a cemetery for the Methodist Church. On Thursday, July 7th, 1853, this spot was dedicated as Mount Repose Cemetery, with appropriate ceremonies.

The ground was laid out in lots, and Isaiah Milburn and John S. Gurnee were authorized to give deeds for them. At a later period trouble arose, and a partition suit was begun. The land was sold at auction by order of the Court, and was bid in by Clarence Conger, who gave G. G. Allison power of attorney to sell the lots. Such is the present condition of the cemetery.

The first newspaper published in the old County of Orange was the "Goshen Repository," from which I have quoted in this work, issued at Goshen as early as August 14th, 1778. The first paper published in Rockland County was the North River Palladium, which was started in January, 1829, by Ezekiel Burroughs, in West at the head of North street. It had but a brief existence. The next paper was attempted in 1829. It was owned by J. T. Smith, and was called at first the Rockland Register. This sheet was brought out by Smith, who was then District Attorney, to aid him in his aspirations for a higher office, and was edited by Burroughs. After the election, in which Smith was defeated, the name of the paper was changed to the Rockland Gazette. In 1833, the Rockland Advertiser was started by John Douglass, and a year later, this paper and that of Smith's were combined under the name of the Rockland Advertiser and Family Gazette. Soon after the paper ceased to exist. In 1834, Alexander H. Wells began the publication of the North River Times. This paper also had an ephemeral life. During the existence of the two last named rival papers, the public was kept interested by the spicy articles which appeared in one or the other, from the pens of contributors. One of the most incisive of the local writers was Dr. Mark Pratt.

In 1844, a paper called the Rockland County News was begun by John L. Burtis. Thirty-two numbers of this sheet were issued ere it died. The Rockland County Messenger was started by Robert Marshall, May 17th, 1846. Until 1852, the paper remained under Marshall's management. It was then taken by its present veteran editor and proprietor, Robert Smith, and for four and thirty years has been ably conducted by him. Since Mr. Smith has owned the paper a complete file has been preserved.

In 1879, the Haverstraw Herald was begun for political purposes. It lasted through a campaign. In April, 1883, the Sentinel was started by the efforts of Rev. R. Harcourt, as a temperance advocate. At first printed by the Rockland County Journal presses, in Nyack; it, was at length moved to Haverstraw in April, 1884, and in the autumn of that year was bought by its present editor, B. A. Farr. It is still conducted in the interest of the temperance cause.

The post office at Haverstraw was established July 1st, 1815, with George Smith as first postmaster. On Jan. 1st, 1817, Smith was followed by Epenetus Wheeler and his successors have been Samson Marks, May 18th, 1818; Abraham Marks, May 3d, 1819; Peter De Noyelles, April 9th, 1834; Lawrence De Noyelles, December 19th, 1840; Isaac Sherwood, June 24th, 1841; Sylvester Clark, January 23d, 1845; John S. Gurnee,. January 19th, 1849; Isaac Sherwood, January 29th, 1850; Samuel C. Blauvelt, July 3oth, 1853; Isaac Sherwood, May 7th, 1861; Richard A. Ver Valen, October 22d, 1877; Isaac M. Purdy, April 17th, 1882.

At the close of 1853, the residents of this village made preparations for incorporation. A petition was presented to the County Court by Henry P. Cropsey, Samuel C. Blauvelt, Abraham De Baun, Garret De Baun, Lewis R. Mackey, John C. Coe, James Creney, D. C. Springteen, John De Baun, Ezra Mead, A. E. Suffern and Samuel A. Ver Valen, praying for the incorporation of the village. A survey of the proposed limits was made February 6th, 1854, and the boundaries were as follows:

"Commencing on the bank of the Hudson River at a willow tree standing at the southwest corner of the brick yard of John Gardner, running thence south 61 3/4 degs. west 10 chains; thence north 20 degs. west 20 chains 384 links; thence north 51 degs. west 7 chains to a Hickory tree; thence north 384 degs. west to chains 23 links to a fence running east and west; thence north 48 1/2 degs. west 39 chains 50 links to a chestnnt tree; thence north 28 1/2 degs. west 25 chains 18 links, to a large rock; thence north 74 degs. east 25 chains 53 links; thence north 74 degs. east 4 chains 5o links to Peck's railroad, and crossing of highway leading to Grassy Point; thence along said railroad north 88 degs. east 48 chains; thence south 51 degs. east, still along said railroad and the bank of the Hudson River, 18 chains 6o links to dock; then along the west shore of Hudson River, southerly to chains to the place of beginning."

The area embraced within the limits marked by this survey was 493 acres, and the number of inhabitants was 1,760

Pursuant to an order of the Court, held February 14th, 1854, incorporating all that part of the township of Haverstraw, described in the order, as a village by the name of Warren, provided a majority of the electors of the proposed village should assent thereto; an election was held at the residence of John Begg, on March 11th, 1854. At this election 187 votes were cast of which 179 were for incorporation and 8 opposed to it.

An election for village officers was held at the house of John Begg, April 8th, 1854, and resulted in the following men being chosen:
Edward Pye, President.
Trustees.
H. P. Cropsey,
H. G. Prall,
George De Noyelles,
R. A. Ver Valen.
Samuel C. Blauvelt, Clerk.
George S. Myers, Collector.
Josiah Milburn, Treasurer.
Peter Titus, Pound-Master.

Assessors.
Isaac Sherwood, Daniel G. Smith, Andrew De Baun.

Following that first election, the Presidents of the village have been:
Edward Pye, 1855.
Cornelius P. Hoffman, 1856
John I Cole, 1857.
John L. De Noyelles, 1858-70, 1877-78.
Richard A. Ver Valen, 1871-74, 1883-84.
James Osborn, 1875-76, 1879-82.

In 1855, the village charter was amended by an act. of Legislature, so as to make it a road district, which included the Long and Short Clove roads. In 1859, gas was introduced by E. V. Haughwout, of New York. Trouble between the citizens and the gas company soon began, and continued till 1865, when a mass meeting was held to demand a reduction of rates, and some other radical changes. A conference between the citizens' representatives and Haughwout followed, and mutual concessions occurred.

Haverstraw has a complicated record of names. In another place, I have quoted an Act in which she is called Waynesburgh, and will take an extract from this Act, passed April 1st, 1814, again: "from thence, in a direct course as nearly as may be, to such a point in the village of Waynesburgh, late Warren, as the Commissioners, etc." For what reason the name Waynesburgh was given to the hamlet, and the length of time it remained i83-84, have escaped my search. Warren, the hamlet had already been called, and to Warren it was changed again. But this name was never a popular one. People had long been accustomed to blend the name of the township and village in one, and call the latter, Haverstraw. At the establishment of the present Stony Point post office in 1847, it was named North Haverstraw. Commerce was carried on, not with Warren, but Haverstraw, and the name of the village post office was Haverstraw from its organization. Influenced by these and other less important reasons, the residents of the village appealed to the Legislature for relief, and, on April 14th, 1874, that body passed the following act:

"SECTION I. The name of the Village of Warren in the County of Rockland, incorporated under the provisions of the Statute of the State of New York, authorizing the incorporation of villages, is hereby changed to 'Haverstraw.' All proceedings now pending by or against the said Village of Warren shall be continued in the name of Haverstraw.

"SECTION 2. This act shall take effect immediately."

On June 1st, 1874, fire limits were established for the village which still govern the place. Under the rule of the village officials this place increased in population and material well being. In 1865, the number of residents had increased to 2,15o and the proportion of increase still continues.

In 1854, the second floor of S. C. Blauvelt's drug store was enlarged and fitted up as a public hall, called Warren Hall. This was first used Oct. 26th, 1854, for a temperance meeting, at which Judge Allison presided and D. B Loomis was secretary. Addresses in the interest of temperance were made by Edward Pye and the clergymen of the village. The question of temperance had become one of vital interest in this section of our County before this meeting. As early as the Spring of 1851, H. G. Prall and some thirty others had issued a call for a mass meeting to take action on the illegal selling of liquor on the Sabbath. In response to that call a large gathering of citizens took place in the Academy and the meeting resulted in the formation ofa vigilance committee and the swearing in of ten special constables for the purpose of detecting and bringing to justice such people as violated the law.

Since that time the fight against the traffic had continued and resulted in the year of which I speak, 1854, in the election of John I Suffern as Member of Assembly, on the Temperance Ticket. From that period till 1882, the subject of temperance was agitated time and again. In this latter year it broke out with renewed violence, and reached a vital stage in the "ballot box outrage" of March 10th, 1883.

I may be permitted to give a brief account of this affair. In the election held for town officers at the time mentioned, two party tickets were in the field - one, the regular Democratic ticket, the other, a Citizen's ticket. Two ballots were cast by the voters of each party - one, the General Town Ticket, containing the names of all the town officers, except that for Excise Commissioners, this latter being on a separate ballot. The voting proceeded quietly, and at sunset at the close of the polls, the proper officers began counting the ballots. The General Town Ticket was counted first, and the result found to be in favor of the Citizens' Party.

The Excise Commissioner ballot was next prepared for canvassing. During the computation of the result of the Town Ticket, the room in which the election had been carried on was gradually filled with people who had entered by ones and twos. The canvass of the Excise Ticket had but just fairly started when the lights were extinguished, the stove overturned and dragged to the door, burning coals falling on the floor; the table holding the ballots was smashed and overset. Instantly there followed a rush for windows and door; missiles were thrown, chairs and stools broken; in fact, the room was wrecked so thoroughly by riot and fire, that the completion of the canvass was impossible.

Every attempt was made by the proper officials to bring those connected with this outrage to justice, but by one means or another all escaped punishment. It was from the feeling growing out of this affair. that the Sentinel newspaper was established.

To return again from a digression, which for the sake of sequence, it seemed wise to make; the next mention I find of Warren Hall, is on Saturday, November 18th, 1854, when Warren Lyceum was organized in it with A. E. Suffern, President; and Edward Pye, Secretary. Among those who lectured during the first season were: A. E. Suffern, Rev. A. S. Freeman, Rev. J. West, Edw. Pye, Wm. E. Haeselbarth, Rev. Van Zandt, Rev. J. Cory, R. J. Ianvooski, L. B. Hardcastle, Rev. P. J. H. Meyers, Rev. W. Van Doren, Prof. Schumacher and Samuel Osgood. Among those who took part in the debates were: R. A. VerValen, C. P. Hoffman, and Messrs. Brower, Lilienthal, Penfield, Coleman. Previous to the opening of this public hall, gatherings of the people for entertainment were usually held in some one of the churches. Business or political gatherings seem to have often been held in the Union Hotel. In 1860, the Wigwam was built on the common, south of the Central Presbyterian Church, and opened to the public on July 27th, of that year. This became the headquarters for public meetings, and, later, for volunteers, enlisted to save our Nation.

[Continued in History of Haverstraw Part 2]


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