History of Logan Township - Buckland, Auglaize
From: History of Auglaize County, Ohio
Edited By: William J. McMurray
Histotical Publishing Company
Indianapolis - 1923
LOGAN TOWNSHIP AND THE VILLAGE OF BUCKLAND.
Logan civil township on the northern border of Auglaize county covers twenty six and one half square miles of land surface, taking in sections 19 to 36 of congressional township 4 south, range 5 east, and sections 1 to 6 and one half of sections 7 to 12 of township 5, with the village of Buckland on the Auglaize river and the Lake Erie & Western railroad on the south edge of the township in sections 10 and 11. The river enters the township in section 11 of the lower township, winds northerly and out in section 22 of the upper township. It was along this river at the bend in section 26 that the mile square reservation was set off to the heirs of Logan, "the good Indian" and faithful friend and ally of General Harrison's soldiers during the War of 1812, at the time of the treaty at the foot of the Rapids of the Maumee, September 29, 1817. Among the numerous individual reservations created under the terms of Art. 8 of this treaty that clause relating to Chief Logan stipulated a reservation "to the children of the late Shawnee chief, Captain Logan (or Spamagelabe), who fell in the service of the United States during the late war, one section of land, to contain 640 acres, on the east side of the Great Auglaize river, adjoining the upper line of the grant of ten miles at Wapaghkonnetta and the said river," and it is in further honor to this gallant Indian ally of the American arms in this country's second war for independence that Logan township bears its name.
THE STORY OF CAPTAIN LOGAN.
From the older chronicles and histories of the days of Indian occupancy it is learned that Captain Logan, as
he came to be known to his white friends and whose Shawnee name is set out above in the quotation from the treaty
which honored his memory, was born in the Mad river country and it is said that his mother was a sister of Tecumseh
and The Prophet. He was about twelve or fourteen years of age when, along with the famed Grenadier Squaw and others,
he was taken prisoner by Col. Benjamin Logan at the Macochee village, in what is now Logan county, in the campaign
against the Indians in that region in 1786. It is narrated that the troops were brought to such a frenzy by the
engagement that it was with much difficulty that the officers were able to save the life of the Indian lad. Gen.
William Lytle, who participated in the engagement, wrote concerning the incident that "a young man by the
name of Curner had been to one of the springs to drink. He discovered the young savage by my side and came running
toward us. The young Indian supposed he was advancing to kill him. As I turned around, in the twinkling of an eye
he let fly an arrow at Curner, for he was armed with a bow. I had just time to catch his arm as he discharged the
arrow. It passed through Cutter's dress and grazed his side. The jerk I gave his arm undoubtedly prevented his
killing Curner on the spot. I took away his arrows and sternly reprimanded him." It is further narrated that
General Logan took the boy home with him and sent him to school until "he acquired considerable education,
when he gave him his liberty and his own name." And it was thus that Spamagelabe, a nephew of Tecumseh, came
to the ways of civilization and to bear a white man's name.
AN INDIANA CITY NAMED FOR LOGAN.
Mr. Dunn's story, "The Service of Logan," has it that "in. the spring of 1828 there gathered
informally at the site of Logansport (Ind.) a little knot of early settlers, and others interested; to select a
name for the new town which had just been surveyed. General Tipton, who admired classic titles, proposed an alleged
Latin compound said to mean 'Mouth of the Eel,' which was the name commonly given to the place at the time by the
whites. Another proposed Kene-pe-cum-a-qua - the common form of the Miami name of Eel river and of their old town
at the mouth of that stream. Others proposed various names and finally Hugh B. McKeen, a son-in-law of Barron,
the Indian interpreter who had formerly been in the Indian tribe at Ft. Wayne, proposed the name of Logan, in commemoration
of this friend of the whites. The suggestion pleased Colonel Duret, who proposed that 'port' be added to round
it out, and by common consent the name was adopted. And so there was given a monument more lasting than stone or
bronze to this Indian soldier who died for the people against whom he had fought as a child."
Concerning Logan's family, Henry Howe's narrative (1846) has it that Colonel Johnston, the old Indian agent,
in a communication to Howe said that "Logan left a dying request that his two sons be sent to Kentucky and
there brought up and educated under the care of General. Hardin As soon as peace and tranquility were restored
among the Indians, application was made to the chiefs to fulfill the wish of their dead friend to deliver up the
boys for conveyance to Frankfort, the residence of Major Hardin. The chiefs were embarrassed and manifested an
unwillingness to comply, and in this they were warmly supported by the mother of the children. On no account would
they consent to send them so far away as Kentucky, but they agreed that Colonel Johnston should take them and have
them schooled at Piqua. This being the best that could be done, in compliance with the dying words of Logan, they
were taken to this point, put to school and boarded in a religious, respectable family. The mother of the boys,
who was a bad woman, thwarted all the plans for their improvement, frequently taking them off for weeks, giving
them bad advice and even, on one or two occasions, brought whisky to the school house and made them drunk. In this
way she continued to annoy the school, and finally took them away altogether to raise with herself among the Shawnees
at Wapakoneta. I made several other attempts, during my connection with the Indians, to educate and train up to
civilized life many of their youth, without any encouraging results - all of them proved failures. The children
of Logan, with their mother, emigrated to the West years ago and have there become some of the wildest of their
ORGANIZATION OF LOGAN TOWNSHIP.
Logan township, which is bounded on the north by Allen county, on the east by Duchouquet township, on the south
by Moulton township and on the west by Noble and Salem townships, was formerly a part of Allen county, its lands
having been included in Amanda and Moulton townships of that county. Upon the delimitation of the township lines
upon the erection of Auglaize county in 1848, three tiers of sections were taken from the lower part of Amanda)
township and one and one half tiers from the upper part of Moulton township and to the new township thus erected
was given the name of Logan. It is in this township, on the northern border of the same, along the river at the
site of the old Ottawa town in section 22 that Ft. Amanda was erected as a means of defense along the Auglaize
during the War of 1812, and the site of this fort, a detailed story of which is set out elsewhere in this work,
became the center of settlement of that section of the county in the days when white men came to seek their homes
in the wilderness here. In the chapter relating to the settlement period the story is told of the first land entries
in this township and of how the old block houses of the fort served the first settlers as places of habitation
until they could put up cabins of their own and better suited to their notions of living. An older review has it
that "at the time of the organization of the township in 1848 the Defiance road was the principal one, the
others being called 'hoop-pole' roads. The construction of roads and the building of bridges were slow of progress
until 1880. That year marks a new era in the history of the township. In that year the Kossuth and Amanda roads
were constructed. Two years were sufficient to demonstrate the great utility of these public enterprises. Since
then nearly every public road in the township has been piked. Since 1880 the rude wooden bridges have been replaced
by substantial iron structures."
THE COMING OF THE RAILROAD.
The village of Buckland, the only village in this township, was laid out in the fall of 1872, following the
survey of the line of the old Lake Erie & Louisville railway (now the Lake Erie & Western railway) through
that part of the county, two of the landowners there at the site of the old Indian village of Whitefeather, John
H. Gochenour and Josiah Clawson, having realized that this was a very likely site for a railway station when the
trains presently should be running along there. Their original plat, which was filed for record on February 1,
1873, was a plat of thirty lots, west of the river in section 11, broken diagonally about the center by the line
of the railway, Clawson's land lying to the north of the railway and Gochenour's south, and they gave to their
prospective town the name of Whitefeather. When the railroad came along the railroad company named the station
which they established at that point Buckland, in honor of General Buckland, of Fremont, one of the active promoters
of the road, and this also became the postoffice name of the town. When in 1891 the village, which by that time
had acquired a population of 200 or more, applied to the commissioners of the county for a grant to incorporate
for civil and school purposes, a petition was presented asking that the name of the place be changed from Whitefeather
to Buckland and it was so ordered. At the first village election W. G. Brorein was elected mayor; W. U. Lathrop,
clerk; W. N. Dingledine, treasurer; T. Bodkin, marshal, and Dr. R. W. Sharp, J. H. Gochenour, D. W. Kiester, Henry
Sites, Fred Ziegenbush and A. Nuss, members of the town board. Since the establishment of this village several
additions have been made to the original plat as the growth of the town warranted and the present population, according
to the census report for 1920, is 258. Buckland is a convenient local trading point and has stores and shops sufficient
for the demands made upon it in this direction, but its proximity to the neighboring cities of Wapakoneta and St.
Marys has operated to prevent any very active growth.