History of Moulton Township - Glynwood, Auglaize County, Ohio
From: History of Auglaize County, Ohio
Edited By: William J. McMurray
Histotical Publishing Company
Indianapolis - 1923


Moulton township, situated in the midwestern part of the county, is made up of one half of sections 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 and sections 13 to 36 of township 5 south, range 5 east, and thus covers twenty seven squares miles. The township is bordered on the north by Logan township, on the east by Duchouquet township, on the south by Washington township and on the west by Noble township. It is drained on the east by the Auglaize river, which enters in section 36 and winds west of north and out in section 11, taking several remarkable twists and turns on its way. Six Mile creek, a tributary of the St. Marys river, drains the western half of the township and these two streams are supplemented by a complete system of drainage ditches, which long ago reclaimed what formerly was a good bit of waste land in the township. Pusheta creek empties into the Auglaize in section 36. Two unincorporated villages, Glynwood, on the creek in the southwest quarter of section 20, and Moulton, on the southern edge of the township in the southwest quarter of section 33, are trade and social centers of much convenience to the people of the township. Glynwood is situated on the Lake Erie & Western railroad, which enters the township from the northeast in section 10 and passes out on its way to St. Marys in section 30. Moulton is situated on the Toledo & Ohio Central railway and the Western Ohio electric line, which follow the St. Marys and Wapakoneta highway along about the southern border of the township. The old Wapakoneta Indian reservation line cut through this township at almost the immediate center north and south. Due to the peculiarly irregular conformation of Auglaize county, Moulton township is the only one of the county's fourteen townships that does not touch a border of one of the neighboring counties.

Moulton township was erected in 1835, three years after the departure of the Indians, and was at that time attached to Allen county. When Auglaize county was erected in 1848, the original congressional township was divided to give to Logan township the upper tier and half the second tier of sections, as has been set out in the story relating to this latter township. The story of the erection of the original township is carried in the journal of the board of commissioners for Allen county, where, as of date December 25, 1835, it is recorded that "Joseph Haskell then presented a petition from the inhabitants of township 5 south, range 5 east, praying to be set off as a separate township and to be designated and known by the name of Moulton. Petition granted. Bonds given and advertisements written for an election to be held at the house of Joseph Haskell on the 30th of January, 1836, for the purpose of electing the necessary township officers." Joseph Haskell had entered four parcels of land, in sections 10, 23 and 25, in this township in 1832, the year the Indians were escorted West and was an active figure in the early development of the township.


With the exception of the lands along the river that old Chief Cornstalk's clan had cleared for their cornfields, the region now covered with well tilled farms was a forest wilderness that offered little encouragement to the endeavors of man, but the settlers realized the job that was cut out for them and with the directness of the frontiersman were not long in getting the job well under way. Old Chief Cornstalk went with his tribe to their new lands in the West in 1832 and there died about ten years later. He was a son of the celebrated Shawnee chief, Peter Cornstalk, who was assassinated at Point Pleasant in 1774, and it has been written of him that, like his father, he "was commanding in appearance and had the lofty bearing of the true savage." With the rest of his Wapakonetan tribesmen he resisted Harmar, St. Clair and Wayne, but after the second battle at Ft. Recovery recognized that the white man was coming in to stay and he signed the treaty of Greenville and ever after was a good Indian, making his home along the Auglaize about two miles down the river from the council house at Wapakoneta until the Shawnees were moved West, he then being past eighty years of age. He directed the farm operations of his people here and when the white men came in they found a good deal of tilled land along the bottoms up through the present Moulton township.

Cornstalk apparently also was somewhat of a statesman. In Henry Harvey's history of the Shawnees it is set out that "when the Wyandot Indians of Ohio sold their reservation to the United States they demanded that the Shawnees should cede to them a tract of land containing 150 square miles, lying at the east end of the Shawnee lands, claiming that that amount of land was due to them for privileges they had granted the Shawnees in Ohio. The demand was met by violent opposition from the Shawnees. A meeting of the chiefs was held to discuss the unjust demand. Among the most prominent speakers who opposed the measure was Peter Cornstalk, a very old man and son of the celebrated Chief Cornstalk, a conspicuous character in the Governor Dunmore war. He declared that he was as old a man as the commissioner was and that he did not believe one word he said about the Wyandots having done so much for the Shawnees. He thought it very strange that the Government could remember so much the Wyandots had done for them and know so little about it. 'Strange,' said he, 'I must have been asleep a long time. 'Well,' he continued, 'the Wyandots have given the United States a great deal of land; the United States have plenty - more, by far, than the Shawnees have - and I propose that they just give the Wyandots a little, and not beg it of the Shawnees for them.'"

Blue Jacket was another of the Shawnee chieftains who made his home in what is now Moulton township, having his quarters along the river about the center of section 25 and co-operating with Cornstalk in the management of the affairs of that branch of the tribe, after the two had settled down to the business of being good Indians. The name of Blue Jacket is inseparably associated with the bloody operations of the Indians in northwestern Ohio and even those of the writers concerning Indian affairs who persistently affected a sympathetic interest in the redman have little good to say of him. He served as a subordinate under Little Turtle in the battles which terminated so disastrously for Harmar and St. Clair and so distinguished himself in the first engagement at the headwaters of the Wabash (Ft. Recovery) that he was given command of the Indian forces in the campaign which terminated in the battle of Fallen Timbers and the destruction by "Mad Anthony" Wayne of any further hope the redmen may have been cherishing with respect to their continued dominance here. Reluctantly and sullenly he participated in the treaty of Greenville, where he Abandoned hope after signing the treaty, and then returned to Wapakoneta, where he spent much of his time bringing in liquor for the redskins. About 1825 he turned this profitable liquor business over to his son, James Blue Jacket, and joined the western tribe of the Shawnees along the Missouri - a good riddance for Ohio. The younger Blue Jacket kept up his liquor traffic here until the Shawnees were moved West. The story of Big Captain Johnny's village at the mouth of the Pusheta in this township has been told elsewhere.


The village of Glynwood, on Six Mile creek and the Lake Erie & Western railway, in the southwest quarter of section 20 of this township was platted by John Glynn, who owned the land there, upon the coining of the railroad, the plat, an irregular tract of thirty lots traversed diagonally by the line of the railway, having been filed for record on July 27, 1876. John Glynn was thirty one years of age when he came to this country from his native Ireland and located at Columbus, this state. Six years later he came up here and bought the farm on which he settled down in Moulton township. Glynwood is a convenient local trading and shipping point, but has not attained much growth. The village of Moulton, which has been recognized as a similar local center since the days of the old plank road, attained a little more prominence with the coming of the T. & O. C. railway and the Western Ohio electric line, but its situation as a half way point between St Marys and Wapakoneta has prevented its expansion. The census report for 1920 gave it a population of 106.

The tax duplicate for the year 1848 reveals the presence of the following landowners in Moulton township when this county was organized: Nathaniel Adams, Christopher Bailey, Augustus Beaver, Jesse Bowser, Thomas Botkin, Jacob Baker, Elias BeaverĄ Gottlieb Buhr, Henry Barnes, Jr., Lewis Breece, Josiah Borton, John C. Bothe, John Bigler, Jacob Bigler, Daniel Cutler, John M. Chamberlain, Samuel Chamberlain, Frederick Clapp, Lewis D. Campbell, John Clawson, Thomas Clawson, Cornelius Christie, William Crowder, Joseph Cumings, Abner Daniels, Job Dillon, Samuel Darnell, William Evan, Hugh Elliott, James Elliott, Jacob Fleming, Christian Forney, John Fleming, J. G. Frieman, John G. Frische, William Green, James Hecox, Ambrose Harvey, Jesse Hardin, Joseph Haskill, George B. Holt, Daniel Hart, Hugh Jelly, Jonathan Johnston, Evan Jones, George Julian, Stephen Julian, Thomas Jones, Henry Kessekamp, Joseph Keller, Jacob Keiser, Abraham Keller, John Lenox, Michael Leatherman, John McFarland, Martin Meyers, Frederick Marquand, William Moorehead, E. & M. Miller, Andrew McKee, William P. Moarey, Henry McConnell, Benjamin Noggle, Joseph Pritchard, Jacob Perkins, Simon Perkins, John and Peter Primer, Francis Rain, Michael Ringer, William Rise, Samuel Sharp, ____ Schoonover, William Sillins, Samuel Seibert, Michael Seifert, John P. Sillins, Henry Stoddard, George Tester, Margaret Terwillager, Isaac Terwillager, Daniel Voris, John Wahl, Benjamin Whitney, H. D. V. Williams, Thomas West, Sr., Thomas West, Jr., Thomas Williams, John Waite, James and Thomas Wair, Samuel Walker, George Walter, William West, John Young and Thornton J. Young.

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