History of Moon Township, Beaver County, Pa.
From: History of Beaver County Pennsylvania
and its Centennial Celebration
BY: Rev. Joseph H. Bausman, A. M.
Knickerbocker Press New York, 1904


The territory of this township was, at the erection of the county, a part of one of the original townships. In the remodeling of the township lines of the south side of the county, in 1812, the present Moon was one of the four new townships formed. Its bounds include the northern half of what was in 'Boo First Moon. This township lies in the northeastern corner of the south side, filling in the bend of the Ohio River, which sweeps around it in a majestic curve, with Raccoon township, Independence, and Hopewell for its neighbors. The surface of Moon township is generally hilly and its soil of a middling quality, mainly loam. There are no streams of importance within its limits, but Raccoon Creek bounds it towards the west and separates it from the township of Raccoon. Besides this there are a few small runs emptying into the Ohio, and it has the advantage of that great river along a good portion of its domain.

As shown by the United States Census in 1890, the population of this township was 1092; by that of 1900 it was 1095. In 1900 it had 355 taxables; 10,029 acres of cleared land; 1978 acres of timber land; the value of all its real estate was $552,189; of that exempt from taxation, $33,625, and that portion taxable was $518,564.

Monaca, formerly Phillipsburg, was once within the bounds of Moon township. The history of that important and rapidly growing borough is given in a preceding chapter. Adjoining Monaca, just opposite Rochester, is the new town of Colonial. It was laid out in the year 1902 by the Colonial Land Company, they having purchased about 400 acres of land, all of the well known farms of the Baldwin and Mellon heirs, Eckert, and other smaller tracts. A magnificent town site is laid out on the higher ground, streets being paved, sewered, curbed, and otherwise beautified. Mr. H. C. Fry, of Rochester, was the projector naming the new town and company which had put new life and energy into the whole south side district adjoining. It is believed that this is the beginning of a very enterprising and growing community, the great Crucible Steel Mills of the Colonial Iron Company (also projected and started in 1902), being located on adjoining property. In addition, the large Sanitary Manufacturing Works of Arrott & Co. and several other manufacturing plants are in successful operation within the last year. It is predicted that here in ten years a city larger than Beaver Falls will be added to the county.

In the western part of the township, on the Ohio River, is situated the county home and farm for the support of the poor. This institution will be found described in Chapter VI.

The post offices of the township are Baker's Landing, with the following postmasters: William Lawson, April 20, 1883; Mrs. J. Lawson, May 3, 1886; Anna McDonald, October 16, 1901. Bellowsville: Mrs. Eliza S. Flocker, May 4, 1876. Shaffer's post office was discontinued April 4, 1901. It had been served by Daniel Shaffer, December 24, 188o, and Ellen Shaffer, January 30, 1897.

North Branch Presbyterian Church. - This church is situated in the northeastern part of Moon township. It was started in 1833 as a branch of Mount Carmel Church in Hopewell township. Members of the latter living in Moon township, so far away from the house of worship, found it difficult to attend regularly, and the pastor came over and held services for them at Daniel Weigle's, the meetings being held in his house in the winter and in his barn in the summer. The congregation increased so rapidly that in 1834 a house of worship was erected on a lot donated by Mr. Weigle. In 1837 a regular congregational organization was effected. Among the first elders elected were John Douds, William McDonald, and Henry Reed. Soon after there were added to the bench John Carey, father of Daniel Carey, now of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Monaca, George Baker, and James Douds, son of John Douds. Among the first members of this congregation in addition to those named were William Irwin, his wife, and daughters, Mary and Ann, Thomas Hood and wife, John Hood and wife, Daniel Weigle, wife and son, Daniel, Mrs. Thomas Irwin, Mrs. John Weigle, John Landis and wife, Jacob Landis and wife, William Elliott and wife, Mrs. Jacob Baker, Samuel Use1ton and wife, Mrs. Philip Baker, Mrs. John Stewart, William Srodes, Mrs. John Braden, John McBriar and wife. Rev. J. D. Ray, the first pastor of North Branch, remained in charge until 1842. There have succeeded him Rev. Messrs. Hare, Henderson, Sr., Henderson, Jr., J. D. Hazlett, O. H. Rockwell, J. M. Smith, and P. J. Cummings, G. W. Shaffer, Hugh F. Earseman, Matthew Rutherford, John J. Srodes, and J. T. Hackett. The present pastor (1904) is Rev. P. J. Cummings.

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