History of Topsfield, Maine
A Gazetteer of the
State of Maine

By Geo. J. Varney
Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill,
Boston 1886

Topsfield lies in the northern part of Washington County, and is bounded on the east by Codyville and Robbins Plantation, south by Talmage, west by Kossuth. Bascohegan Lake lies on the north, and partly within the township. Topsfleld is in the second range north of Bingham’s Penobscot purchase. Calais lies 36 miles to the south-east. The European and North American Railway station in Jackson Brook Plantation is 11 miles from the principal settlement which is in the south-eastern part. The Princeton station of the Penobscot and St. Croix Railroad is 16 miles distant. A stage-route formerly connected this town with Lincoln, on the first mentioned railroad.

This is an excellent town for new settlers. There is one considerable eminence in the south-western part, estimated to be about 1,000 feet in height. Musquash, Tomah and Farrar ponds lie in the southern part of the town,—the first being about 3 miles by 2, in dimensions, the others 2 and 1 in length, and of proportional width. There is some granite rock in the eastern part. The soil is a gravelly loam. Wheat and potatoes are the chief crops. The buildings in the town are generally in good repair. There is one saw-mill.

Topsfield was first settled by Nehemiah Kneeland from Topsfield, Massachusetts, in 1832. It was incorporated, February 24, 1838. It is said that 74 men from this town joined the Union army in the war of the Rebellion, of whom 10 were lost. The Methodists and Congregationalists have a Union meeting-house here. The town has four public schoolhouses, valued at $600. The population in 1870 was 464 In 1880 it was massed with other settlements in the preliminary census report. The polls in 1870 numbered 105; in 1880, the same. The valuation in 1870 was $82,828. in 1880 it was $63,608. The rate of taxation in the latter year was 38 mills on the dollar.

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