History of Glenville, New York

GLENVILLE, named in. honor of S. L. Glen, the patentee of the township, was formed from Schenectady, April 14, 1820. It lies on the north bank of the Mohawk, and is the only town in the County, on that side. The central and west parts are occupied by rugged and wooded. hills, rising abruptly from the valley of the river to a hight of 300 feet. The east part is nearly level. The principal streams are Crabbs Kil, Chaughta-noon-da, Aalplaats and Jan Wemps Creeks, and Verl Kil. The soil among the hills is a stiff clay, underlaid by hardpan, with an accasional outcrop of slate; and in the east part it is a sandy and gravelly loam. The Mohawk Flats are very fertile and devoted to a great extent to raising broom corn. The N. Y. C. R. R. and the Schenectady and. Saratoga R. R. extend through the town.

Glenvilie, (p. v.,) in the north-east part, contains two churches and about 20 dwellings.

Reeseville, (Scotia p. o.,) in the south part, near the river, contains two churches and about 300 inhabitants.

High. Mills, in the north-east part, is a hamlet, containing a woolen factory and several mills.

Hoffman’s Ferry (p. o.,) is a station on the N. Y. C. R. R. A ferry was established here in 1790, by Hermanus Vedder. It was called Vedder's Ferry until 1835, when it was bought by John Hoffman and received its present name.

East Glenville (p. o.,) is in the east part of the town.

Bridges connect this town with Schenectady and Niskayuna.

Settlements were commenced about 1665 and were among the earliest in the County. The country around Scotia was granted to Sanders Lendertsen Glen, a native of Scotland, who removed to Holland. in 1645 on account of religious persecutions. After several years spent in mercantile pursuits, he removed to this country. Van Slyck’s island. granted to Jaques Van Slyck, in 1662. A party of Frenchmen sent against the Mohawks became reduced to such on arriving at this place, as to seek assistance from the English. They were so kindly treated by Mr. Sanders at this time, that when. the country was invaded in 1690, and Schenectady destroyed, Mr. Sanders’ house was spared. Several of his descendants still reside in. the town.

The First Reformed Church. of Glenville was organized in April 1813, with twenty members, and a house of worship was erected about the same time. Rev. Peter Van Zandt was the first pastor. The original cost of the church was about $2,000. It was extensively repaired in 1837 and will seat about 450. The present pastor is Rev John Miner. The society contemplate erecting a new church during the present year, at a cost of $10,000 or $15,000.

The Methodist Episcopal Church of West Glenville was organized in 1822 with seventy members. The first pastor was Rev. Boswell Kelly. The first house of worship was erected in 1823, and the present house in 1842. The present pastor is Rev. Patterson. The church will seat 250 persons and is valued at $2,500.

The population of Glenville in 1865 was 3,038, and its area 29,653 acres.

There are 14 school districts, employing the same number of teachers. . The number of children of school age is 1,020; the number attending school 708; the average attendance 313, and the amount expended for school purposes for the year ending September 30, 1869, was $6,319.33.

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