Wilton lies northeast of the centre of the county. It is bounded on the north by Corinth and Morean, on the east by Northumberland, on the south by Saratoga and Saratoga Springs, and on the west by Greenfield. The town is thus defined, by the Revised Statutes:

The town of Wilton shail contain all that part of the said county bounded northerly by the north bounds of Northumberland continued west to the northeast corner of Greenfleld, easterly by Northumberland, southerly by a westerly continuation of the south bounds of Northumberland, and westerly by Greenfield.

The central and southwestern parts of Wilton are undulating or broken by low ridges. In the northwestern part are mountains of the. Palmertown range of the Adirondacks. Mount McGregor, one of the highest peaks of this range, lies partly in this town, in the extreme northwestern corner. The principal streams are Snoek kill, Bog Meadow brook and Cold brook. There are a few mineral springs in the town. Perry's pond, which is drained by Snoek kill, is the principal body of water. The main line of the Delaware and Hudson Canal company's railroad passes through the southeastern half, running southwest and northeast, and the Mount McGregor railroad runs north and south through the western part.

Wilton, then known as Palmertown, was first settled by William and Samuel Brisbin, brothers, about 1764. On the south branch of Snoek kill they built a saw mill, but abandoned the place when the Revolution began. Rowland Perry and his eight sons came in 1770. James and William McGregor, brothers, located in the northwestern part of the town in 1787. Benjamin Phillips and Stephen King kept the first taverns. John Laing built a saw mill near Emerson's Corners in 1775. Isaac Ostrom opened the first store, in 1795. The first grist mill was built by Miller McGregor.

Wilton being almost exclusively an agricultural town its villages are small and unimportant. Wilton, in the northeastern part, is the largest. South Wilton is in the southern part. Emerson's Corners is located southeast of Wilton. At the latter place the first church was built, about 1805, by the Congregational society. The Baptist church of Wilton was organized in 1817, the M. E. churches of Emerson's Corners and of South Wilton before 1850, and the Loudon Protestant Meth. odist church in South Wilton in 1833.

Wilton was formed from Northumberland in 1818. At the first town, meeting, held in March, 1819, the principal officers elected were:

Supervisor, Dudley Emerson. Clerk, Henry Reynolds. Assessors, Benjamin
Dimmick, Jason Adams, William Comstock. Commissioners of highways. William Forbes, Lyndes Emerson, William Ingerson. Overseers of the poor, James McGregor, James Buflard. Inspectors of schools, George W. Fish, Cornelius I. Fonda, John J. Swartwont, Enoch M. Place, Samuel Hoag, Thomas Sherman. Commissioners of schools, Jabez Reed, Selden Emerson, Cornelius I. Swartwout.

Since that time the supervisors of the town have been as follows;

1819-23, Dudley Emerson. 1824. William Comstock. 1825-26, Seth Perry. 1827 John J. Swartwout. 1828-29, Seth Perry. 1830-31, Dudley Emerson. 1832-34, Lyndes Emerson. 1835, Cyrus Perry. 1836, William McGregor. 1837-38, Sir Launcelot Carner. 1839-41, Lyndes Emerson. 1842, Henry Reynolds. 1843-44, David Carr. 1845, Lyndes Emerson. 1846, Hiram Dimmick. 1847-48, Seth E. Calkins. 1849-50, Lyndes Emerson. 1851, Richard F. Buckbee. 1852, Hiram Dimmick. 1853, William Rouse. 1854, David Carr. 1855, William Rouse. 1856-57, Tabor B. Reynolds. 1858, Henry E. Wagman. 1859, Jarvis Butler. 1860-62, Daniel M. Gailor. 1868-67, Tabór B. Reynolds. 1868, Caleb Boyce. 1869-70, Ananias Boyce. 1871-72, Warren B. Collamer. 1873, Ananias Boyce. 1874-75, David E. Chase. 1876-77, Bartlett B. Grippin. 1878-79, Warren B. Collamér. 1880-81, Bartlett B. Grippin. 1882-83, Byron J. Murray. 1884, B. B. Grippin. 1885, Chauncey B. Ide. 1886, B. B. Grippin. 1887-89, Roger H. Staples. 1890, B. B. Grippin. 1891-92, Harry M. Lincoln. 1893, B. B. Grippin. 1894-95. Edgar J. Smith. 1896-97, B. B. Grippin. 1898, Ransom Varney.

Following is a list of the town clerks:

1819-1821, Henry Reynolds. 1822, Cornelius I. Swartwout. 1828-1824, Henry Reynolds. 1825, John Fitzgerald. 1826, Cyrus Perry. 1827, James McGregor. 1828, David Brill. 1829-30, S. T. Van Deryee. 1831-1832, Theodore V. Comstock. 1833, Eli Stiles. 1834, Giles Dimmick. 1835, Augustus H. Pearsall. 1836, Aaron C. Gifford. 1837, William H. Taylor. 1838, Henry Reynolds. 1839-1840, T. Y. Comstock. 1841, Giles Dimmick. 1842, David Carr. 1843-1844, David E. Chase. 1845, David R. Taylor. 1846, Stafford S. Carr. 1847, James P. Cornell. 1848, Sherard K. Chase. 1849, George W. Perry. 1850, William W. Comstock. 1851, James T. CornelL 1852-1855, William W. Comstock. 1856, Oscar F. Stiles. 1857, William W. Comstock. 1858, Edwin G. Perry. 1859, Miles B. Grippin. 1860. William H. Taylor. 1861, William L. Cooper. 1862, George H. Traver. 1863, M. B. Grippin. 1864-1865, G. H. Traver. 1866-1867, John E. Forbes. 1868-1870, Daniel Washburn. 1871-1874, Sidney B. King. 1875, William H. Goodale. 1876-1879, S. B. King. 1880-1882, Charles H. Pitts. 1883-1884, Edgar D. Clements. 1885-1886, R. H. Staples. 1887-1890, C. C. Van Rensselaer. 1891-1892, R. H. Staples. 1893- 1895, C. C. Van Rensselaer. 1896-1898, Edgar D. Clements.

These have served as justices of the peace since such officers have been elected by the people:

1830, Cornelius I. Fonda. 1832, Robert Place, William Comstock. 1833, John J. Swartwout. 1834, Cornelius I. Fonda. 1835, Robert Place, Peter Angle. 1836, Peter Angle. 1837, Obadiah Green, Jason Adams. 1838, Seth Perry. 1839, Dudley Emerson. 1840, Peter Angle, Cornelius J. Boyce. 1841, Obadiah Green. 1842, Abner Garrison. 1843. Luther French. 1844, Stephen Olney. 1845, Obadiah Green. 1846, Isaac T. Green, John A. Brackett, Gideon Sherman.' 1847, Luther French. 1848, Daniel Wait, Adam Boyce. 1849, Obadiah Green. 1850, Perry P. Billings. 1851, Isaac F. Green.. 1852, Daniel Wait. 1853. Jesse Murray, George D. Angle. 1854, Ananias Boyce. 1855, Obadiah Green, 1857, Isaac F. Green. 1858, David Carr. 1859, John Quick. 1860, Jacob Boyce. 1861, George C. Morehouse. 1862, Philip Varney. 1863, Caleb Boyce, David Carr. 1864, David Carr. 1865, G. C. Morehouse. 1866, Philip Varney, Moses Miller. 1867, Jarvis Butler. 1868. David Carr. 1869, James M. Gailor. 1870, Milon Seeley. 1871. Caleb Boyce. 1872, David Carr. 1873. Jarvis Butler. 1874. George H. Traver, J. W. Marshall. 1875, Caleb Boyce. 1876, Philip Varney. 1877, John L. Buchanan. 1878, G. H. Traver, 1879, G. C. Morehouse. 1880, G. C. Van Denburgh. Philip Varney. 1881, G. C. Van Denburgh. 1882. 0. N. Lockwood. 1883, Caleb Boyce. 1884, Philip Varney, A. M. Hays, Oscar Cook. 1885. G. C. Van Denburgh. 1886, Oscar Cook. 1887, A. M. Hays. 1888, Frank D. Roods. 1889. G. C. Van Denburgh. 1890, Franklin H. Smith. 1891, Olney L. Brown. 1892, F. D. Roods, A. M. Hays. 1893, Gardner Perry. 1894, Ransom Varney. 1895, George H. Pratt 1896, F. D. Roods. 1897, Gardner Perry. 1898, Elmer Freeborn, John H. Westfall.

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